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University students’ sleep during an exam period: the role of basic psychological needs and stress

Rachel Campbell UGent, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers UGent and Maarten Vansteenkiste UGent (2018) Motivation and Emotion.
abstract
During exam periods university students are at risk for poor sleep. To understand variability in this vulnerability for poor sleep, the role of the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness was examined by assessing university students (N = 121; 78% female; Mage = 21.69, SD = 1.39, range 19–25) before, during, and after an exam period. Need-based and sleep-related functioning deteriorated during the exam period and then improved after the exam period. As need satisfaction decreased (i.e., from pre-exam to exam period) sleep quality, sleep quantity and daytime functioning deteriorated, while subsequent increases in need satisfaction (i.e., from exam to the post-exam period) were accompanied by improvements in sleep quality and daytime functioning. These correlated changes in need-based experiences and the sleep-related outcomes were largely accounted for by changes in stress, suggesting that stress may play an explanatory role in these associations.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
@article{8562176,
  abstract     = {During exam periods university students are at risk for poor sleep. To understand variability in this vulnerability for poor sleep, the role of the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness was examined by assessing university students (N = 121; 78\% female; Mage = 21.69, SD = 1.39, range 19--25) before, during, and after an exam period. Need-based and sleep-related functioning deteriorated during the exam period and then improved after the exam period. As need satisfaction decreased (i.e., from pre-exam to exam period) sleep quality, sleep quantity and daytime functioning deteriorated, while subsequent increases in need satisfaction (i.e., from exam to the post-exam period) were accompanied by improvements in sleep quality and daytime functioning. These correlated changes in need-based experiences and the sleep-related outcomes were largely accounted for by changes in stress, suggesting that stress may play an explanatory role in these associations.},
  author       = {Campbell, Rachel and Soenens, Bart and Beyers, Wim and Vansteenkiste, Maarten},
  issn         = {0146-7239},
  journal      = {Motivation and Emotion},
  keyword      = {Sel-Determination Theory - Basic psychological needs - Sleep - University students - Stress},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Springer Nature},
  title        = {University students{\textquoteright} sleep during an exam period: the role of basic psychological needs and stress},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11031-018-9699-x},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Campbell, Rachel, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2018. “University Students’ Sleep During an Exam Period: The Role of Basic Psychological Needs and Stress.” Motivation and Emotion.
APA
Campbell, Rachel, Soenens, B., Beyers, W., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2018). University students’ sleep during an exam period: the role of basic psychological needs and stress. Motivation and Emotion.
Vancouver
1.
Campbell R, Soenens B, Beyers W, Vansteenkiste M. University students’ sleep during an exam period: the role of basic psychological needs and stress. Motivation and Emotion. Springer Nature; 2018;
MLA
Campbell, Rachel, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, et al. “University Students’ Sleep During an Exam Period: The Role of Basic Psychological Needs and Stress.” Motivation and Emotion (2018): n. pag. Print.