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Nitrification in agricultural soils: impact, actors and mitigation

Fabian Beeckman UGent, Hans Motte UGent and Tom Beeckman UGent (2018) CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY. 50. p.166-173
abstract
Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrients for plant growth and hence heavily applied in agricultural systems via fertilization. Nitrification, that is, the conversion of ammonium via nitrite to nitrate by soil microorganisms, however, leads to nitrate leaching and gaseous nitrous oxide production and as such to an up to 50% loss of nitrogen availability for the plant. Nitrate leaching also results in eutrophication of groundwater, drinking water and recreational waters, toxic algal blooms and biodiversity loss, while nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas with a global warming potential 300x greater than carbon dioxide. Logically, inhibition of nitrification is an important strategy used in agriculture to reduce nitrogen losses, and contributes to a more environmental-friendly practice. However, recently identified and crucial players in nitrification, that is, ammonia oxidizing archaea and comammox bacteria, seem to be under investigated in this respect. In this review, we give an update on the different pathways in ammonia oxidation, the relevance for agriculture and the interaction with nitrification inhibitors. As such, we hope to pinpoint possible strategies to optimize the efficiency of nitrification inhibition.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
AMMONIA-OXIDIZING BACTERIUM, COMPLETE GENOME SEQUENCE, NITROSOMONAS-EUROPAEA, NITROSOSPHAERA-VIENNENSIS, NITROGEN-CYCLE, NITRIC-OXIDE, OXIDATION, INHIBITION, ARCHAEA, MONOOXYGENASE
journal title
CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
Curr. Opin. Biotechnol.
volume
50
pages
8 pages
publisher
Current Biology Ltd
place of publication
London
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000430903400022
ISSN
0958-1669
1879-0429
DOI
10.1016/j.cophio.2018.01.014
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
U
id
8561876
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8561876
date created
2018-05-15 11:56:30
date last changed
2018-05-15 11:56:30
@article{8561876,
  abstract     = {Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrients for plant growth and hence heavily applied in agricultural systems via fertilization. Nitrification, that is, the conversion of ammonium via nitrite to nitrate by soil microorganisms, however, leads to nitrate leaching and gaseous nitrous oxide production and as such to an up to 50\% loss of nitrogen availability for the plant. Nitrate leaching also results in eutrophication of groundwater, drinking water and recreational waters, toxic algal blooms and biodiversity loss, while nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas with a global warming potential 300x greater than carbon dioxide. Logically, inhibition of nitrification is an important strategy used in agriculture to reduce nitrogen losses, and contributes to a more environmental-friendly practice. However, recently identified and crucial players in nitrification, that is, ammonia oxidizing archaea and comammox bacteria, seem to be under investigated in this respect. In this review, we give an update on the different pathways in ammonia oxidation, the relevance for agriculture and the interaction with nitrification inhibitors. As such, we hope to pinpoint possible strategies to optimize the efficiency of nitrification inhibition.},
  author       = {Beeckman, Fabian and Motte, Hans and Beeckman, Tom},
  issn         = {0958-1669},
  journal      = {CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {AMMONIA-OXIDIZING BACTERIUM,COMPLETE GENOME SEQUENCE,NITROSOMONAS-EUROPAEA,NITROSOSPHAERA-VIENNENSIS,NITROGEN-CYCLE,NITRIC-OXIDE,OXIDATION,INHIBITION,ARCHAEA,MONOOXYGENASE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {166--173},
  publisher    = {Current Biology Ltd},
  title        = {Nitrification in agricultural soils: impact, actors and mitigation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cophio.2018.01.014},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Beeckman, Fabian, Hans Motte, and Tom Beeckman. 2018. “Nitrification in Agricultural Soils: Impact, Actors and Mitigation.” Current Opinion in Biotechnology 50: 166–173.
APA
Beeckman, F., Motte, H., & Beeckman, T. (2018). Nitrification in agricultural soils: impact, actors and mitigation. CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY, 50, 166–173.
Vancouver
1.
Beeckman F, Motte H, Beeckman T. Nitrification in agricultural soils: impact, actors and mitigation. CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY. London: Current Biology Ltd; 2018;50:166–73.
MLA
Beeckman, Fabian, Hans Motte, and Tom Beeckman. “Nitrification in Agricultural Soils: Impact, Actors and Mitigation.” CURRENT OPINION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY 50 (2018): 166–173. Print.