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Reliability analysis of FRP strengthened RC beams considering compressive membrane action

Yihua Zeng (UGent), Wouter Botte (UGent) and Robby Caspeele (UGent)
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Abstract
Recent research has shown that the compressive membrane action (CMA) significantly enhances the load bearing capacity of FRP strengthened concrete beams. It is of great interest to investigate the effect of CMA on the structural reliability of such beams and how to incorporate the benefits of CMA into partial factor based design. Following a CMA model and the probabilistic models of its corresponding design variables, the effect of CMA on the reliability indices of FRP strengthened concrete beams was investigated. A parameter study as well as a sensitivity analysis were also conducted with parameters including properties of FRP and steel reinforcement, concrete properties and geometrical properties. The reliability indices with respect to load ratios i.e. ratios of the variable load to the total loads is selected to quantify the effect of CMA. The results show that the CMA effect significantly improves the structural reliability of FRP strengthened concrete beams. The parameter study indicates that an increase of the concrete strength and yield strain has positive effect on the structural reliability while an increase of FRP ratio, FRP modulus, steel ratio as well as the concrete ultimate strain has an adverse effect. Furthermore, it is found that the variations of the concrete strength, the FRP Young's modulus as well as the concrete cover have a significant influence on the reliability index; the variations of the ultimate strain of FRP, the yield strain of steel reinforcement and the ultimate strain of concrete have a moderate influence on the reliability index. Finally, an adjusted partial factor for the FRP strength is derived for cases where CMA would already be considered in the design stage.
Keywords
Compressive membrane action, Reinforced concrete, Fiber reinforced polymer, Reliability analysis, Partial factor calibration

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Chicago
Zeng, Yihua, Wouter Botte, and Robby Caspeele. 2018. “Reliability Analysis of FRP Strengthened RC Beams Considering Compressive Membrane Action.” Construction and Building Materials 169: 473–488.
APA
Zeng, Y., Botte, W., & Caspeele, R. (2018). Reliability analysis of FRP strengthened RC beams considering compressive membrane action. CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, 169, 473–488.
Vancouver
1.
Zeng Y, Botte W, Caspeele R. Reliability analysis of FRP strengthened RC beams considering compressive membrane action. CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS. THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND: ELSEVIER SCI LTD ; 2018;169:473–88.
MLA
Zeng, Yihua, Wouter Botte, and Robby Caspeele. “Reliability Analysis of FRP Strengthened RC Beams Considering Compressive Membrane Action.” CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS 169 (2018): 473–488. Print.
@article{8561630,
  abstract     = {Recent research has shown that the compressive membrane action (CMA) significantly enhances the load bearing capacity of FRP strengthened concrete beams. It is of great interest to investigate the effect of CMA on the structural reliability of such beams and how to incorporate the benefits of CMA into partial factor based design. Following a CMA model and the probabilistic models of its corresponding design variables, the effect of CMA on the reliability indices of FRP strengthened concrete beams was investigated. A parameter study as well as a sensitivity analysis were also conducted with parameters including properties of FRP and steel reinforcement, concrete properties and geometrical properties. The reliability indices with respect to load ratios i.e. ratios of the variable load to the total loads is selected to quantify the effect of CMA. The results show that the CMA effect significantly improves the structural reliability of FRP strengthened concrete beams. The parameter study indicates that an increase of the concrete strength and yield strain has positive effect on the structural reliability while an increase of FRP ratio, FRP modulus, steel ratio as well as the concrete ultimate strain has an adverse effect. Furthermore, it is found that the variations of the concrete strength, the FRP Young's modulus as well as the concrete cover have a significant influence on the reliability index; the variations of the ultimate strain of FRP, the yield strain of steel reinforcement and the ultimate strain of concrete have a moderate influence on the reliability index. Finally, an adjusted partial factor for the FRP strength is derived for cases where CMA would already be considered in the design stage.},
  author       = {Zeng, Yihua and Botte, Wouter and Caspeele, Robby},
  issn         = {ARRAY(0x71d1490)},
  journal      = {CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS},
  keyword      = {Compressive membrane action,Reinforced concrete,Fiber reinforced polymer,Reliability analysis,Partial factor calibration},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {473--488},
  publisher    = {ELSEVIER SCI LTD },
  title        = {Reliability analysis of FRP strengthened RC beams considering compressive membrane action},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.019},
  volume       = {169},
  year         = {2018},
}

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