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A paradox of maritime access : origins and consequences of subaltern relations in a medieval portuary system in Flanders: the case of Hoeke

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Abstract
Although unlimited maritime access was advantageous, medieval seaports and port cities were often incorporated into serving a capital city’s economy by providing merchants with a transport system. Consequently, these outports had a subaltern relationship with that city, as well as tenuous relations of competition and cooperation with neighbouring outports. This article focuses on the hierarchical relations underpinning the subaltern status of Hoeke, one of the smallest cities in the medieval County of Flanders and a minor hub in the portuary system in the Zwin. This city is used as a case study through which to explore the paradox of maritime access and development. The research indicates that arguments of geography are insufficient to explain the development of these portuary systems, utilizing new insights from recent historical research and other academic disciplines. I will demonstrate that Hoeke’s retreat from the waterfront put an end to the paradox of maritime access, resulting in the transformation of the hierarchy in its relations with the capital city.
Keywords
outport, land–maritime interface, path dependence, port city, transport system, waterfront

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Chicago
Dillen, Kristiaan. 2018. “A Paradox of Maritime Access : Origins and Consequences of Subaltern Relations in a Medieval Portuary System in Flanders: The Case of Hoeke.” International Journal of Maritime History 30 (3): 405–421.
APA
Dillen, K. (2018). A paradox of maritime access : origins and consequences of subaltern relations in a medieval portuary system in Flanders: the case of Hoeke. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME HISTORY, 30(3), 405–421.
Vancouver
1.
Dillen K. A paradox of maritime access : origins and consequences of subaltern relations in a medieval portuary system in Flanders: the case of Hoeke. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME HISTORY. 2018;30(3):405–21.
MLA
Dillen, Kristiaan. “A Paradox of Maritime Access : Origins and Consequences of Subaltern Relations in a Medieval Portuary System in Flanders: The Case of Hoeke.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME HISTORY 30.3 (2018): 405–421. Print.
@article{8561499,
  abstract     = {Although unlimited maritime access was advantageous, medieval seaports and port cities were often incorporated into serving a capital city’s economy by providing merchants with a transport system. Consequently, these outports had a subaltern relationship with that city, as well as tenuous relations of competition and cooperation with neighbouring outports. This article focuses on the hierarchical relations underpinning the subaltern status of Hoeke, one of the smallest cities in the medieval County of Flanders and a minor hub in the portuary system in the Zwin. This city is used as a case study through which to explore the paradox of maritime access and development. The research indicates that arguments of geography are insufficient to explain the development of these portuary systems, utilizing new insights from recent historical research and other academic disciplines. I will demonstrate that Hoeke’s retreat from the waterfront put an end to the paradox of maritime access, resulting in the transformation of the hierarchy in its relations with the capital city.},
  author       = {Dillen, Kristiaan},
  issn         = {0843-8714},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME HISTORY},
  keywords     = {outport,land–maritime interface,path dependence,port city,transport system,waterfront},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {405--421},
  title        = {A paradox of maritime access : origins and consequences of subaltern relations in a medieval portuary system in Flanders: the case of Hoeke},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0843871418780940},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2018},
}

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