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The 'second ulnar groove', a MRI sign suggesting a previous palmar luxation of the ulna at the distal radioulnar joint

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Abstract
Introduction: A cortical lined impaction on the radiodorsal side of the ulnar head may be at the origin of a "second ulnar groove" (SUG). The goal of this article is to illustrate this MRI sign, prompting for further investigation of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Hence associated soft tissue pathology may be detected, which may lead to instability. Material and methods: Following an anterior luxation of the ulna at the DRUJ a second cortical lined groove in a previously normal distal ulna was discovered. A data base review from January 2008 to August 2016 of the axial FS PD-TSE WI 1.5 T MRI views of 1.716 patients was accomplished in search of similar bone defects. Results: Eight patients with previous severe wrist trauma presented with a similar posttraumatic ulnar bone defect. The preceding anterior luxation at the DRUJ was only clearly demonstrated in five patients. However, two more patients had a residual anterior subluxation. Different imaging techniques are discussed and the differential diagnosis is well illustrated. Conclusions: The type of trauma, the specific location and the morphology of a second ulnar groove, all compatible with a sequel of an anterior luxation of the ulna at the DRUJ, should lead to a further specific clinical and MRI revaluation of the DRUJ.
Keywords
Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Palmar luxation, Bone, Distal radioulnar instability, VOLAR DISLOCATION, SUBLUXATION, INSTABILITY, TOMOGRAPHY, DIAGNOSIS, INJURIES

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MLA
Mespreuve, Marc, and Ludo Coenen. “The ‘Second Ulnar Groove’, a MRI Sign Suggesting a Previous Palmar Luxation of the Ulna at the Distal Radioulnar Joint.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY 96 (2017): 50–54. Print.
APA
Mespreuve, M., & Coenen, L. (2017). The “second ulnar groove”, a MRI sign suggesting a previous palmar luxation of the ulna at the distal radioulnar joint. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, 96, 50–54.
Chicago author-date
Mespreuve, Marc, and Ludo Coenen. 2017. “The ‘Second Ulnar Groove’, a MRI Sign Suggesting a Previous Palmar Luxation of the Ulna at the Distal Radioulnar Joint.” European Journal of Radiology 96: 50–54.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Mespreuve, Marc, and Ludo Coenen. 2017. “The ‘Second Ulnar Groove’, a MRI Sign Suggesting a Previous Palmar Luxation of the Ulna at the Distal Radioulnar Joint.” European Journal of Radiology 96: 50–54.
Vancouver
1.
Mespreuve M, Coenen L. The “second ulnar groove”, a MRI sign suggesting a previous palmar luxation of the ulna at the distal radioulnar joint. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. 2017;96:50–4.
IEEE
[1]
M. Mespreuve and L. Coenen, “The ‘second ulnar groove’, a MRI sign suggesting a previous palmar luxation of the ulna at the distal radioulnar joint,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, vol. 96, pp. 50–54, 2017.
@article{8561482,
  abstract     = {Introduction: A cortical lined impaction on the radiodorsal side of the ulnar head may be at the origin of a "second ulnar groove" (SUG). The goal of this article is to illustrate this MRI sign, prompting for further investigation of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Hence associated soft tissue pathology may be detected, which may lead to instability. 
Material and methods: Following an anterior luxation of the ulna at the DRUJ a second cortical lined groove in a previously normal distal ulna was discovered. A data base review from January 2008 to August 2016 of the axial FS PD-TSE WI 1.5 T MRI views of 1.716 patients was accomplished in search of similar bone defects. 
Results: Eight patients with previous severe wrist trauma presented with a similar posttraumatic ulnar bone defect. The preceding anterior luxation at the DRUJ was only clearly demonstrated in five patients. However, two more patients had a residual anterior subluxation. Different imaging techniques are discussed and the differential diagnosis is well illustrated. 
Conclusions: The type of trauma, the specific location and the morphology of a second ulnar groove, all compatible with a sequel of an anterior luxation of the ulna at the DRUJ, should lead to a further specific clinical and MRI revaluation of the DRUJ.},
  author       = {Mespreuve, Marc and Coenen, Ludo},
  issn         = {0720-048X},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY},
  keywords     = {Distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ),Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),Palmar luxation,Bone,Distal radioulnar instability,VOLAR DISLOCATION,SUBLUXATION,INSTABILITY,TOMOGRAPHY,DIAGNOSIS,INJURIES},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {50--54},
  title        = {The 'second ulnar groove', a MRI sign suggesting a previous palmar luxation of the ulna at the distal radioulnar joint},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.09.009},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2017},
}

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