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From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-

Deo Kawalya (UGent) , Gilles-Maurice de Schryver (UGent) and Koen Bostoen (UGent)
(2018) JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS. 127. p.84-106
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Abstract
This article offers a synchronic and diachronic analysis of the use and meaning of the verbal prefix-andi-in the Great Lakes Bantu language Luganda (JE15). On the basis of a text corpus of 4 million tokens, we show that the prefix, commonly described as a conditional marker, is primarily involved in the expression of modal meanings, specifically deontic necessity and epistemic possibility. Our thirteen-decade diachronic corpus analysis shows that there is a relationship between the increased use of-andi-outside syntactically complex conditional constructions, i.e. those having both a protasis and an apodosis, and an increase in its expression of modal meanings. Moreover, a reduction in the use of-andiin complex conditional constructions goes hand in hand with a reduction in its expression of conditional meanings. It is further revealed that contrary to the common cross-linguistic tendency to rely on modality as a source for conditionality, the conditional meaning of-andi-is not post-modal. Instead it was primarily a conditional marker, which subsequently developed different modal meanings. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords
modality, conditionality, protasis, apodosis, diachronic corpus study, Luganda, Bantu, language change

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MLA
Kawalya, Deo, et al. “From Conditionality to Modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : A Synchronic and Diachronic Corpus Analysis of the Verbal Prefix -Andi-.” JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS, vol. 127, Elsevier Science Bv, 2018, pp. 84–106, doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2018.01.011.
APA
Kawalya, D., de Schryver, G.-M., & Bostoen, K. (2018). From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-. JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS, 127, 84–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2018.01.011
Chicago author-date
Kawalya, Deo, Gilles-Maurice de Schryver, and Koen Bostoen. 2018. “From Conditionality to Modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : A Synchronic and Diachronic Corpus Analysis of the Verbal Prefix -Andi-.” JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS 127: 84–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2018.01.011.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Kawalya, Deo, Gilles-Maurice de Schryver, and Koen Bostoen. 2018. “From Conditionality to Modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : A Synchronic and Diachronic Corpus Analysis of the Verbal Prefix -Andi-.” JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS 127: 84–106. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2018.01.011.
Vancouver
1.
Kawalya D, de Schryver G-M, Bostoen K. From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-. JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS. 2018;127:84–106.
IEEE
[1]
D. Kawalya, G.-M. de Schryver, and K. Bostoen, “From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-,” JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS, vol. 127, pp. 84–106, 2018.
@article{8560075,
  abstract     = {{This article offers a synchronic and diachronic analysis of the use and meaning of the verbal prefix-andi-in the Great Lakes Bantu language Luganda (JE15). On the basis of a text corpus of 4 million tokens, we show that the prefix, commonly described as a conditional marker, is primarily involved in the expression of modal meanings, specifically deontic necessity and epistemic possibility. Our thirteen-decade diachronic corpus analysis shows that there is a relationship between the increased use of-andi-outside syntactically complex conditional constructions, i.e. those having both a protasis and an apodosis, and an increase in its expression of modal meanings. Moreover, a reduction in the use of-andiin complex conditional constructions goes hand in hand with a reduction in its expression of conditional meanings. It is further revealed that contrary to the common cross-linguistic tendency to rely on modality as a source for conditionality, the conditional meaning of-andi-is not post-modal. Instead it was primarily a conditional marker, which subsequently developed different modal meanings. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.}},
  author       = {{Kawalya, Deo and de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice and Bostoen, Koen}},
  issn         = {{0378-2166}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS}},
  keywords     = {{modality,conditionality,protasis,apodosis,diachronic corpus study,Luganda,Bantu,language change}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{84--106}},
  publisher    = {{Elsevier Science Bv}},
  title        = {{From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2018.01.011}},
  volume       = {{127}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}

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