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From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-

Deo Kawalya (UGent) , Gilles-Maurice de Schryver (UGent) and Koen Bostoen (UGent)
(2018) JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS. 127. p.84-106
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Abstract
This article offers a synchronic and diachronic analysis of the use and meaning of the verbal prefix-andi-in the Great Lakes Bantu language Luganda (JE15). On the basis of a text corpus of 4 million tokens, we show that the prefix, commonly described as a conditional marker, is primarily involved in the expression of modal meanings, specifically deontic necessity and epistemic possibility. Our thirteen-decade diachronic corpus analysis shows that there is a relationship between the increased use of-andi-outside syntactically complex conditional constructions, i.e. those having both a protasis and an apodosis, and an increase in its expression of modal meanings. Moreover, a reduction in the use of-andiin complex conditional constructions goes hand in hand with a reduction in its expression of conditional meanings. It is further revealed that contrary to the common cross-linguistic tendency to rely on modality as a source for conditionality, the conditional meaning of-andi-is not post-modal. Instead it was primarily a conditional marker, which subsequently developed different modal meanings. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords
modality, conditionality, protasis, apodosis, diachronic corpus study, Luganda, Bantu, language change

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Chicago
Kawalya, Deo, Gilles-Maurice de Schryver, and Koen Bostoen. 2018. “From Conditionality to Modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a Synchronic and Diachronic Corpus Analysis of the Verbal Prefix -andi-.” Journal of Pragmatics 127: 84–106.
APA
Kawalya, D., de Schryver, G.-M., & Bostoen, K. (2018). From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-. JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS, 127, 84–106.
Vancouver
1.
Kawalya D, de Schryver G-M, Bostoen K. From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-. JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Bv; 2018;127:84–106.
MLA
Kawalya, Deo, Gilles-Maurice de Schryver, and Koen Bostoen. “From Conditionality to Modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a Synchronic and Diachronic Corpus Analysis of the Verbal Prefix -andi-.” JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS 127 (2018): 84–106. Print.
@article{8560075,
  abstract     = {This article offers a synchronic and diachronic analysis of the use and meaning of the verbal prefix-andi-in the Great Lakes Bantu language Luganda (JE15). On the basis of a text corpus of 4 million tokens, we show that the prefix, commonly described as a conditional marker, is primarily involved in the expression of modal meanings, specifically deontic necessity and epistemic possibility. Our thirteen-decade diachronic corpus analysis shows that there is a relationship between the increased use of-andi-outside syntactically complex conditional constructions, i.e. those having both a protasis and an apodosis, and an increase in its expression of modal meanings. Moreover, a reduction in the use of-andiin complex conditional constructions goes hand in hand with a reduction in its expression of conditional meanings. It is further revealed that contrary to the common cross-linguistic tendency to rely on modality as a source for conditionality, the conditional meaning of-andi-is not post-modal. Instead it was primarily a conditional marker, which subsequently developed different modal meanings. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Kawalya, Deo and de Schryver, Gilles-Maurice and Bostoen, Koen},
  issn         = {0378-2166},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF PRAGMATICS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {84--106},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Science Bv},
  title        = {From conditionality to modality in Luganda (Bantu, JE15) : a synchronic and diachronic corpus analysis of the verbal prefix -andi-},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2018.01.011},
  volume       = {127},
  year         = {2018},
}

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