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Paleoproterozoic manganese and base metals deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo)

(2018) ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS. 96. p.181-200
Author
Organization
Abstract
The Kisenge-Kamata manganese deposit (Katanga, D.R. Congo) belongs to a group of Paleoproterozoic sedimentary manganese ore occurrences that have been recognized for various parts of Africa. It is a relatively small deposit with total estimated reserves of similar to 12 Mt ore, but it is of major importance for understanding key aspects of the geology of the Kasai Block of the Congo Craton. The available constraints indicate that the deposit formed in the 2.0-1.9 Ga time interval, in the Orosirian period. The manganese-rich facies of the Kisenge-Kamata deposits range in composition from manganese carbonate rocks to non-calcareous deposits dominated by manganese-rich garnet. Associated rocks are mainly grey graphitic shales. The Kisenge-Kamata sediments are significantly enriched in Cu, Co, Ni, Zn and other accessory metals (V, Mo, Ga). Field constraints and geochemical data suggest that the Kisenge-Kamata sediments were probably deposited in a relatively small intracratonic basin (graben) within the Kasai Block, with an inlet allowing periodical access for ocean water influx carrying Mn, REE and other metals. Primary carbonate ore has relatively low delta C-13 ( - 3 to - 6 parts per thousand) and high delta O-18 ( + 13 to + 20 parts per thousand) values, confirming their derivation from marine fluids.
Keywords
Katanga, Mn carbonate ore, Orosirian, Kasai block, Intracontinental graben basin, RARE-EARTH-ELEMENTS, SOUTH-AFRICA, NSUTA DEPOSIT, TRANSVAAL SUPERGROUP, STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS, GRIQUALAND WEST, GHANA, EVOLUTION, OXYGEN, ROCKS

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Citation

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MLA
De Putter, Thierry et al. “Paleoproterozoic Manganese and Base Metals Deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo).” ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS 96 (2018): 181–200. Print.
APA
De Putter, T., Liégeois, J.-P., Dewaele, S., Cailteux, J., Boyce, A., & Mees, F. (2018). Paleoproterozoic manganese and base metals deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo). ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS, 96, 181–200.
Chicago author-date
De Putter, Thierry, Jean-Paul Liégeois, Stijn Dewaele, Jacques Cailteux, Adrian Boyce, and Florias Mees. 2018. “Paleoproterozoic Manganese and Base Metals Deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo).” Ore Geology Reviews 96: 181–200.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Putter, Thierry, Jean-Paul Liégeois, Stijn Dewaele, Jacques Cailteux, Adrian Boyce, and Florias Mees. 2018. “Paleoproterozoic Manganese and Base Metals Deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo).” Ore Geology Reviews 96: 181–200.
Vancouver
1.
De Putter T, Liégeois J-P, Dewaele S, Cailteux J, Boyce A, Mees F. Paleoproterozoic manganese and base metals deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo). ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS. 2018;96:181–200.
IEEE
[1]
T. De Putter, J.-P. Liégeois, S. Dewaele, J. Cailteux, A. Boyce, and F. Mees, “Paleoproterozoic manganese and base metals deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo),” ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS, vol. 96, pp. 181–200, 2018.
@article{8560012,
  abstract     = {The Kisenge-Kamata manganese deposit (Katanga, D.R. Congo) belongs to a group of Paleoproterozoic sedimentary manganese ore occurrences that have been recognized for various parts of Africa. It is a relatively small deposit with total estimated reserves of similar to 12 Mt ore, but it is of major importance for understanding key aspects of the geology of the Kasai Block of the Congo Craton. The available constraints indicate that the deposit formed in the 2.0-1.9 Ga time interval, in the Orosirian period. The manganese-rich facies of the Kisenge-Kamata deposits range in composition from manganese carbonate rocks to non-calcareous deposits dominated by manganese-rich garnet. Associated rocks are mainly grey graphitic shales. The Kisenge-Kamata sediments are significantly enriched in Cu, Co, Ni, Zn and other accessory metals (V, Mo, Ga). Field constraints and geochemical data suggest that the Kisenge-Kamata sediments were probably deposited in a relatively small intracratonic basin (graben) within the Kasai Block, with an inlet allowing periodical access for ocean water influx carrying Mn, REE and other metals. Primary carbonate ore has relatively low delta C-13 ( - 3 to - 6 parts per thousand) and high delta O-18 ( + 13 to + 20 parts per thousand) values, confirming their derivation from marine fluids.},
  author       = {De Putter, Thierry and Liégeois, Jean-Paul and Dewaele, Stijn and Cailteux, Jacques and Boyce, Adrian and Mees, Florias},
  issn         = {0169-1368},
  journal      = {ORE GEOLOGY REVIEWS},
  keywords     = {Katanga,Mn carbonate ore,Orosirian,Kasai block,Intracontinental graben basin,RARE-EARTH-ELEMENTS,SOUTH-AFRICA,NSUTA DEPOSIT,TRANSVAAL SUPERGROUP,STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS,GRIQUALAND WEST,GHANA,EVOLUTION,OXYGEN,ROCKS},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {181--200},
  title        = {Paleoproterozoic manganese and base metals deposits at Kisenge-Kamata (Katanga, D.R. Congo)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2018.04.015},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2018},
}

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