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Reconciling biodiversity and carbon stock conservation in an Afrotropical forest landscape

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Abstract
Protecting aboveground carbon stocks in tropical forests is essential for mitigating global climate change and is assumed to simultaneously conserve biodiversity. Although the relationship between tree diversity and carbon stocks is generally positive, the relationship remains unclear for consumers or decomposers. We assessed this relationship for multiple trophic levels across the tree of life (10 organismal groups, 3 kingdoms) in lowland rainforests of the Congo Basin. Comparisons across regrowth and old-growth forests evinced the expected positive relationship for trees, but not for other organismal groups. Moreover, differences in species composition between forests increased with difference in carbon stock. These variable associations across the tree of life contradict the implicit assumption that maximum co-benefits to biodiversity are associated with conservation of forests with the highest carbon storage. Initiatives targeting climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation should include both old-growth and regenerating forests to optimally benefit biodiversity and carbon storage.
Keywords
TROPICAL FORESTS, CO-BENEFITS, FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY, SPECIES RICHNESS, STORAGE, EXTRAPOLATION, PRODUCTIVITY, RAREFACTION, DOMINANCE, SERVICES

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Chicago
Van de Perre, Frederik, Michael R Willig, Steven J Presley, Frank Bapeamoni Andemwana, Hans Beeckman, Pascal Boeckx, Stijn Cooleman, et al. 2018. “Reconciling Biodiversity and Carbon Stock Conservation in an Afrotropical Forest Landscape.” Science Advances 4 (3).
APA
Van de Perre, F., Willig, M. R., Presley, S. J., Bapeamoni Andemwana, F., Beeckman, H., Boeckx, P., Cooleman, S., et al. (2018). Reconciling biodiversity and carbon stock conservation in an Afrotropical forest landscape. SCIENCE ADVANCES, 4(3).
Vancouver
1.
Van de Perre F, Willig MR, Presley SJ, Bapeamoni Andemwana F, Beeckman H, Boeckx P, et al. Reconciling biodiversity and carbon stock conservation in an Afrotropical forest landscape. SCIENCE ADVANCES. 2018;4(3).
MLA
Van de Perre, Frederik, Michael R Willig, Steven J Presley, et al. “Reconciling Biodiversity and Carbon Stock Conservation in an Afrotropical Forest Landscape.” SCIENCE ADVANCES 4.3 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8559916,
  abstract     = {Protecting aboveground carbon stocks in tropical forests is essential for mitigating global climate change and is assumed to simultaneously conserve biodiversity. Although the relationship between tree diversity and carbon stocks is generally positive, the relationship remains unclear for consumers or decomposers. We assessed this relationship for multiple trophic levels across the tree of life (10 organismal groups, 3 kingdoms) in lowland rainforests of the Congo Basin. Comparisons across regrowth and old-growth forests evinced the expected positive relationship for trees, but not for other organismal groups. Moreover, differences in species composition between forests increased with difference in carbon stock. These variable associations across the tree of life contradict the implicit assumption that maximum co-benefits to biodiversity are associated with conservation of forests with the highest carbon storage. Initiatives targeting climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation should include both old-growth and regenerating forests to optimally benefit biodiversity and carbon storage.},
  articleno    = {eaar6603},
  author       = {Van de Perre, Frederik and Willig, Michael R and Presley, Steven J and Bapeamoni Andemwana, Frank and Beeckman, Hans and Boeckx, Pascal and Cooleman, Stijn and de Haan, Myriam and De Kesel, Andr{\'e} and Dessein, Steven and Grootaert, Patrick and Huygens, Dries and Janssens, Steven B and Kearsley, Elizabeth and Kabeya, Patrick Mutombo and Leponce, Maurice and Van den Broeck, Dries and Verbeeck, Hans and W{\"u}rsten, Bart and Leirs, Herwig and Verheyen, Erik},
  issn         = {2375-2548},
  journal      = {SCIENCE ADVANCES},
  keyword      = {TROPICAL FORESTS,CO-BENEFITS,FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY,SPECIES RICHNESS,STORAGE,EXTRAPOLATION,PRODUCTIVITY,RAREFACTION,DOMINANCE,SERVICES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {9},
  title        = {Reconciling biodiversity and carbon stock conservation in an Afrotropical forest landscape},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aar6603},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2018},
}

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