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Is sensitivity to daily stress predictive of onset or persistence of psychopathology?

T. Vaessen, M. van Nierop, J. Decoster, P. Delespaul, Catherine Derom UGent, M. de Hert, N. Jacobs, C. Menne-Lothmann, B. Rutten, Evert Thiery, et al. (2017) EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY. 45. p.167-173
abstract
Purpose: The aim of the current study was to replicate findings in adults indicating that higher sensitivity to stressful events is predictive of both onset and persistence of psychopathological symptoms in a sample of adolescents and young adults. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that sensitivity to mild stressors in particular is predictive of the developmental course of psychopathology. Methods: We analyzed experience sampling and questionnaire data collected at baseline and one-year follow-up of 445 adolescent and young adult twins and non-twin siblings (age range: 15-34). Linear multilevel regression was used for the replication analyses. To test if affective sensitivity to mild stressors in particular was associated with follow-up symptoms, we used a categorical approach adding variables on affective sensitivity to mild, moderate and severe daily stressors to the model. Results: Linear analyses showed that emotional stress reactivity was not associated with onset (beta = .02; P =.56) or persistence (beta = -01; P = .78) of symptoms. There was a significant effect of baseline symptom score (beta = .53; P < .001) and average negative affect (NA: beta = .19; P < .001) on follow-up symptoms. Using the categorical approach, we found that affective sensitivity to mild (beta =.25; P < .001), but not moderate (beta = -03; P = .65) or severe (beta = -.06; P = .42), stressors was associated with symptom persistence one year later. Discussion: We were unable to replicate previous findings relating stress sensitivity linearly to symptom onset or persistence in a younger sample. Whereas sensitivity to more severe stressors may reflect adaptive coping, high sensitivity to the mildest of daily stressors may indicate an increased risk for psychopathology. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
DAILY-LIFE STRESS, EXPERIENCE SAMPLING RESEARCH, EMOTIONAL REACTIVITY, PSYCHOTIC EXPERIENCES, PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS, AFFECTIVE-DISORDER, SALIVARY, CORTISOL, NEGATIVE AFFECT, GENETIC RISK, INDIVIDUALS, Experience sampling method, Stress reactivity, Epidemiology, Prospective, Longitudinal
journal title
EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY
Eur. Psychiat.
volume
45
pages
7 pages
publisher
Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier
place of publication
Paris
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000414461300023
ISSN
0924-9338
1778-3585
DOI
10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.07.002
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
U
id
8559134
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8559134
date created
2018-04-16 12:17:12
date last changed
2018-04-16 12:17:12
@article{8559134,
  abstract     = {Purpose: The aim of the current study was to replicate findings in adults indicating that higher sensitivity to stressful events is predictive of both onset and persistence of psychopathological symptoms in a sample of adolescents and young adults. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that sensitivity to mild stressors in particular is predictive of the developmental course of psychopathology. Methods: We analyzed experience sampling and questionnaire data collected at baseline and one-year follow-up of 445 adolescent and young adult twins and non-twin siblings (age range: 15-34). Linear multilevel regression was used for the replication analyses. To test if affective sensitivity to mild stressors in particular was associated with follow-up symptoms, we used a categorical approach adding variables on affective sensitivity to mild, moderate and severe daily stressors to the model. Results: Linear analyses showed that emotional stress reactivity was not associated with onset (beta = .02; P =.56) or persistence (beta = -01; P = .78) of symptoms. There was a significant effect of baseline symptom score (beta = .53; P {\textlangle} .001) and average negative affect (NA: beta = .19; P {\textlangle} .001) on follow-up symptoms. Using the categorical approach, we found that affective sensitivity to mild (beta =.25; P {\textlangle} .001), but not moderate (beta = -03; P = .65) or severe (beta = -.06; P = .42), stressors was associated with symptom persistence one year later. Discussion: We were unable to replicate previous findings relating stress sensitivity linearly to symptom onset or persistence in a younger sample. Whereas sensitivity to more severe stressors may reflect adaptive coping, high sensitivity to the mildest of daily stressors may indicate an increased risk for psychopathology. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.},
  author       = {Vaessen, T. and van Nierop, M. and Decoster, J. and Delespaul, P. and Derom, Catherine and de Hert, M. and Jacobs, N. and Menne-Lothmann, C. and Rutten, B. and Thiery, Evert and van Os, J. and van Winkel, R. and Wichers, M. and Myin-Germeys, I.},
  issn         = {0924-9338},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY},
  keyword      = {DAILY-LIFE STRESS,EXPERIENCE SAMPLING RESEARCH,EMOTIONAL REACTIVITY,PSYCHOTIC EXPERIENCES,PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS,AFFECTIVE-DISORDER,SALIVARY,CORTISOL,NEGATIVE AFFECT,GENETIC RISK,INDIVIDUALS,Experience sampling method,Stress reactivity,Epidemiology,Prospective,Longitudinal},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {167--173},
  publisher    = {Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier},
  title        = {Is sensitivity to daily stress predictive of onset or persistence of psychopathology?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.07.002},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2017},
}

Chicago
Vaessen, T., M. van Nierop, J. Decoster, P. Delespaul, Catherine Derom, M. de Hert, N. Jacobs, et al. 2017. “Is Sensitivity to Daily Stress Predictive of Onset or Persistence of Psychopathology?” European Psychiatry 45: 167–173.
APA
Vaessen, T., van Nierop, M., Decoster, J., Delespaul, P., Derom, C., de Hert, M., Jacobs, N., et al. (2017). Is sensitivity to daily stress predictive of onset or persistence of psychopathology? EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY, 45, 167–173.
Vancouver
1.
Vaessen T, van Nierop M, Decoster J, Delespaul P, Derom C, de Hert M, et al. Is sensitivity to daily stress predictive of onset or persistence of psychopathology? EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY. Paris: Elsevier France-editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier; 2017;45:167–73.
MLA
Vaessen, T., M. van Nierop, J. Decoster, et al. “Is Sensitivity to Daily Stress Predictive of Onset or Persistence of Psychopathology?” EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY 45 (2017): 167–173. Print.