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Development of ceramic production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) during the Neolithic : a compositional and technological approach using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and thin section petrography

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BAREO Belgian Archaeological Expeditions to the Orient. Heritage in Federal Collections.
Abstract
This study aims to characterize the Neolithic ceramics (Mushki, Bashi, and Jari wares) of the Kur River Basin and reconstruct the origin of the raw materials and manufacturing technology. Neolithic ceramics from 13 different sites have been studied with handheld X-ray fluorescence (hXRF) spectroscopy and thin section petrography. The geochemical signature of these ceramics was defined, and four compositional groups were determined. The variation in these compositional groups most likely relates to the ceramic wares for the Mushki and Bashi ceramics and to the site or group of sites for the Jari ceramics. Additionally, sediment samples were studied with hXRF demonstrating the variability in the geochemistry of the area. To determine the composition of the slips used for Bashi and Jari ceramics and to compare them with the inner fabric of the vessels, micro X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy was applied. The combination of these archaeometrical techniques indicated the use of unaltered, fine-grained, and mainly alluvial clays without the addition of temper (except for chaff) for the production of the three studied wares and the use of different clay types through the Neolithic in the Kur River Basin.
Keywords
Neolithic Iran, Petrography, Non-destructive XRF, Ceramic regional economies, FOLD-THRUST BELT, ORGANIZATION

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MLA
Pincé, Possum et al. “Development of Ceramic Production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) During the Neolithic : a Compositional and Technological Approach Using X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Thin Section Petrography.” ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES 11.4 (2019): 1241–1258. Print.
APA
Pincé, P., Braekmans, D., Abdali, N., De Pauw, E., Amelirad, S., & Vandenabeele, P. (2019). Development of ceramic production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) during the Neolithic : a compositional and technological approach using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and thin section petrography. ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 11(4), 1241–1258.
Chicago author-date
Pincé, Possum, Dennis Braekmans, Negar Abdali, Ella De Pauw, Sheler Amelirad, and Peter Vandenabeele. 2019. “Development of Ceramic Production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) During the Neolithic : a Compositional and Technological Approach Using X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Thin Section Petrography.” Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11 (4): 1241–1258.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Pincé, Possum, Dennis Braekmans, Negar Abdali, Ella De Pauw, Sheler Amelirad, and Peter Vandenabeele. 2019. “Development of Ceramic Production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) During the Neolithic : a Compositional and Technological Approach Using X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Thin Section Petrography.” Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11 (4): 1241–1258.
Vancouver
1.
Pincé P, Braekmans D, Abdali N, De Pauw E, Amelirad S, Vandenabeele P. Development of ceramic production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) during the Neolithic : a compositional and technological approach using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and thin section petrography. ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES. 2019;11(4):1241–58.
IEEE
[1]
P. Pincé, D. Braekmans, N. Abdali, E. De Pauw, S. Amelirad, and P. Vandenabeele, “Development of ceramic production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) during the Neolithic : a compositional and technological approach using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and thin section petrography,” ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1241–1258, 2019.
@article{8558976,
  abstract     = {This study aims to characterize the Neolithic ceramics (Mushki, Bashi, and Jari wares) of the Kur River Basin and reconstruct the origin of the raw materials and manufacturing technology. Neolithic ceramics from 13 different sites have been studied with handheld X-ray fluorescence (hXRF) spectroscopy and thin section petrography. The geochemical signature of these ceramics was defined, and four compositional groups were determined. The variation in these compositional groups most likely relates to the ceramic wares for the Mushki and Bashi ceramics and to the site or group of sites for the Jari ceramics. Additionally, sediment samples were studied with hXRF demonstrating the variability in the geochemistry of the area. To determine the composition of the slips used for Bashi and Jari ceramics and to compare them with the inner fabric of the vessels, micro X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy was applied. The combination of these archaeometrical techniques indicated the use of unaltered, fine-grained, and mainly alluvial clays without the addition of temper (except for chaff) for the production of the three studied wares and the use of different clay types through the Neolithic in the Kur River Basin.},
  author       = {Pincé, Possum and Braekmans, Dennis and Abdali, Negar and De Pauw, Ella and Amelirad, Sheler and Vandenabeele, Peter},
  issn         = {1866-9557},
  journal      = {ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {Neolithic Iran,Petrography,Non-destructive XRF,Ceramic regional economies,FOLD-THRUST BELT,ORGANIZATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {1241--1258},
  title        = {Development of ceramic production in the Kur River Basin (Fars, Iran) during the Neolithic : a compositional and technological approach using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and thin section petrography},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0598-6},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2019},
}

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