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Farmers' knowledge and opinions towards bollgard II (R) implementation in cotton production in western Burkina Faso

Idrissa Rachid Edouard Sanou UGent, Godelieve Gheysen UGent, Bazoumana Koulibaly, Caspar Roelofs and Stijn Speelman UGent (2018) NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY. 42. p.33-41
abstract
In 2008, the commercial cultivation of Genetically Modified (GM) cotton (Bollgard II (R)) started in Burkina Faso. The adoption rate increased rapidly in subsequent years to reach around 70% in 2014. Although some criticisms were raised concerning the suitability of the technology for the farming system in Burkina Faso, the introduction of transgenic cotton in the country was generally regarded as a great success. Despite this, during the 2016-2017 agricultural campaign, the government of Burkina Faso decided to suspend the cultivation of Bollgard II (R). In this context, this paper investigates farmers' knowledge, perceptions, opinions and attitudes towards Bollgard II (R) as well as their views on the recent decision to suspend its cultivation. Data was collected from 324 cotton farmers, both growers of conventional and Bollgard II (R). The results showed that the farmers surveyed had a poor knowledge concerning the core concepts of biotechnology and Bollgard II (R) in particular. Moreover, the regulatory oversight of the implementation of the technology was found insufficient, as illustrated by the lack of compliance with prescriptions concerning refuge areas and pesticide treatments. Nevertheless, overall, the farmers interviewed had a slightly positive opinion about the effects on yield, income and their wellbeing. In particular the reduction in pesticide treatments was perceived very positively by all respondents. Although the study finds that the majority of farmers disagreed with the recent suspension of Bt cotton cultivation by the government, it also makes clear that a thorough debate on the technology and its implementation is necessary.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
keyword
BT COTTON, AFRICA, PESTS, AGRICULTURE, SUPPRESSION, ENVIRONMENT, MANAGEMENT, ADOPTION, IMPACTS, CROPS, Genetically modified, Bacillus thuringiensis, Biotechnology, Refuge, area, Bollgard II (R), Transgenic cotton
journal title
NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY
New Biotech.
volume
42
pages
9 pages
publisher
Elsevier Science Bv
place of publication
Amsterdam
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000427931300005
ISSN
1871-6784
1876-4347
DOI
10.1016/j.nbt.2018.01.005
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
U
id
8558904
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8558904
date created
2018-04-12 12:22:35
date last changed
2018-05-15 09:48:29
@article{8558904,
  abstract     = {In 2008, the commercial cultivation of Genetically Modified (GM) cotton (Bollgard II (R)) started in Burkina Faso. The adoption rate increased rapidly in subsequent years to reach around 70\% in 2014. Although some criticisms were raised concerning the suitability of the technology for the farming system in Burkina Faso, the introduction of transgenic cotton in the country was generally regarded as a great success. Despite this, during the 2016-2017 agricultural campaign, the government of Burkina Faso decided to suspend the cultivation of Bollgard II (R). In this context, this paper investigates farmers' knowledge, perceptions, opinions and attitudes towards Bollgard II (R) as well as their views on the recent decision to suspend its cultivation. Data was collected from 324 cotton farmers, both growers of conventional and Bollgard II (R). The results showed that the farmers surveyed had a poor knowledge concerning the core concepts of biotechnology and Bollgard II (R) in particular. Moreover, the regulatory oversight of the implementation of the technology was found insufficient, as illustrated by the lack of compliance with prescriptions concerning refuge areas and pesticide treatments. Nevertheless, overall, the farmers interviewed had a slightly positive opinion about the effects on yield, income and their wellbeing. In particular the reduction in pesticide treatments was perceived very positively by all respondents. Although the study finds that the majority of farmers disagreed with the recent suspension of Bt cotton cultivation by the government, it also makes clear that a thorough debate on the technology and its implementation is necessary.},
  author       = {Sanou, Idrissa Rachid Edouard and Gheysen, Godelieve and Koulibaly, Bazoumana and Roelofs, Caspar and Speelman, Stijn},
  issn         = {1871-6784},
  journal      = {NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {BT COTTON,AFRICA,PESTS,AGRICULTURE,SUPPRESSION,ENVIRONMENT,MANAGEMENT,ADOPTION,IMPACTS,CROPS,Genetically modified,Bacillus thuringiensis,Biotechnology,Refuge,area,Bollgard II (R),Transgenic cotton},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {33--41},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Science Bv},
  title        = {Farmers' knowledge and opinions towards bollgard II (R) implementation in cotton production in western Burkina Faso},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbt.2018.01.005},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Sanou, Idrissa Rachid Edouard, Godelieve Gheysen, Bazoumana Koulibaly, Caspar Roelofs, and Stijn Speelman. 2018. “Farmers’ Knowledge and Opinions Towards Bollgard II (R) Implementation in Cotton Production in Western Burkina Faso.” New Biotechnology 42: 33–41.
APA
Sanou, I. R. E., Gheysen, G., Koulibaly, B., Roelofs, C., & Speelman, S. (2018). Farmers’ knowledge and opinions towards bollgard II (R) implementation in cotton production in western Burkina Faso. NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY, 42, 33–41.
Vancouver
1.
Sanou IRE, Gheysen G, Koulibaly B, Roelofs C, Speelman S. Farmers’ knowledge and opinions towards bollgard II (R) implementation in cotton production in western Burkina Faso. NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Bv; 2018;42:33–41.
MLA
Sanou, Idrissa Rachid Edouard, Godelieve Gheysen, Bazoumana Koulibaly, et al. “Farmers’ Knowledge and Opinions Towards Bollgard II (R) Implementation in Cotton Production in Western Burkina Faso.” NEW BIOTECHNOLOGY 42 (2018): 33–41. Print.