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Impact of farming non-indigenous scallop Argopecten irradians on benthic ecosystem functioning : a case-study in Laizhou Bay, China

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Abstract
The farming of the non-indigenous bay scallop Argopecten irradians in coastal waters generates large amounts of biodeposits that potentially change the trophic pathways and quality of the benthic food web at lower trophic levels such as meiobenthos. To understand the trophic link between faecal pellets of bay scallop and meiobenthos in the aquaculture area, we investigated the resource use of harpacticoid copepods and nematodes inside and outside of 3 bay scallop farms in Laizhou Bay (Bohai Sea, China) using natural abundance of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes together with fatty acid profiling. Faeces were found to be enriched in delta N-15 compared to all other food sources, which made faecal matter traceable. The enriched delta N-15 in several meiobenthos at the farms, together with the mixing model results, indicated that faeces could be a new food source for most of harpacticoid copepods and some nematodes. The quantities and the pathways of assimilation differed between the copepod families, depending on their feeding behaviors and the receiving environment. Furthermore, due to the presence of higher levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular docosahexaenoic acid, the dominant copepod family Canuellidae that abundantly consumed scallop faeces showed enhanced nutritional quality compared with those in the control sites. Thus, aquaculture of non-indigenous bay scallops provided a food source that was directly and indirectly consumed by meiobenthos underneath the scallop farms and improved the quality of lower level consumers as a food item in the benthic food web.
Keywords
Mariculture, Non-indigenous species, Argopecten irradians, Harpacticoid copepods, Nematodes, Food source, Stable isotopes, Fatty acids, FATTY-ACID-COMPOSITION, STABLE-ISOTOPE ANALYSIS, PARTICULATE ORGANIC-MATTER, HARPACTICOID COPEPODS, MYTILUS-EDULIS, FOOD WEBS, ESTUARINE NEMATODES, COMMUNITY STRUCTURE, TROPHIC POSITION, SEASONAL-CHANGES

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Citation

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Chicago
Huang, Qian, Sergej Olenin, Song Sun, and Marleen De Troch. 2018. “Impact of Farming Non-indigenous Scallop Argopecten Irradians on Benthic Ecosystem Functioning : a Case-study in Laizhou Bay, China.” Aquaculture Environment Interactions 10: 227–241.
APA
Huang, Qian, Olenin, S., Sun, S., & De Troch, M. (2018). Impact of farming non-indigenous scallop Argopecten irradians on benthic ecosystem functioning : a case-study in Laizhou Bay, China. AQUACULTURE ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS, 10, 227–241.
Vancouver
1.
Huang Q, Olenin S, Sun S, De Troch M. Impact of farming non-indigenous scallop Argopecten irradians on benthic ecosystem functioning : a case-study in Laizhou Bay, China. AQUACULTURE ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS. 2018;10:227–41.
MLA
Huang, Qian, Sergej Olenin, Song Sun, et al. “Impact of Farming Non-indigenous Scallop Argopecten Irradians on Benthic Ecosystem Functioning : a Case-study in Laizhou Bay, China.” AQUACULTURE ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS 10 (2018): 227–241. Print.
@article{8558636,
  abstract     = {The farming of the non-indigenous bay scallop Argopecten irradians in coastal waters generates large amounts of biodeposits that potentially change the trophic pathways and quality of the benthic food web at lower trophic levels such as meiobenthos. To understand the trophic link between faecal pellets of bay scallop and meiobenthos in the aquaculture area, we investigated the resource use of harpacticoid copepods and nematodes inside and outside of 3 bay scallop farms in Laizhou Bay (Bohai Sea, China) using natural abundance of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes together with fatty acid profiling. Faeces were found to be enriched in delta N-15 compared to all other food sources, which made faecal matter traceable. The enriched delta N-15 in several meiobenthos at the farms, together with the mixing model results, indicated that faeces could be a new food source for most of harpacticoid copepods and some nematodes. The quantities and the pathways of assimilation differed between the copepod families, depending on their feeding behaviors and the receiving environment. Furthermore, due to the presence of higher levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular docosahexaenoic acid, the dominant copepod family Canuellidae that abundantly consumed scallop faeces showed enhanced nutritional quality compared with those in the control sites. Thus, aquaculture of non-indigenous bay scallops provided a food source that was directly and indirectly consumed by meiobenthos underneath the scallop farms and improved the quality of lower level consumers as a food item in the benthic food web.},
  author       = {Huang, Qian and Olenin, Sergej and Sun, Song and De Troch, Marleen},
  issn         = {1869-215X},
  journal      = {AQUACULTURE ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS},
  keyword      = {Mariculture,Non-indigenous species,Argopecten irradians,Harpacticoid copepods,Nematodes,Food source,Stable isotopes,Fatty acids,FATTY-ACID-COMPOSITION,STABLE-ISOTOPE ANALYSIS,PARTICULATE ORGANIC-MATTER,HARPACTICOID COPEPODS,MYTILUS-EDULIS,FOOD WEBS,ESTUARINE NEMATODES,COMMUNITY STRUCTURE,TROPHIC POSITION,SEASONAL-CHANGES},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {227--241},
  title        = {Impact of farming non-indigenous scallop Argopecten irradians on benthic ecosystem functioning : a case-study in Laizhou Bay, China},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/aei00264},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2018},
}

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