Advanced search
1 file | 450.52 KB Add to list

The role of socioeconomic status in the relationship between detention and self-rated health among prison detainees in Belgium

Lise Hanssens (UGent) , Veerle Vyncke (UGent) , Eva Steenberghs (UGent) and Sara Willems (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Prisoners are known to report worse health than the general population. Research has also shown that the prison population counts disproportionally more people with a lower socioeconomic status (SES), making it difficult to determine whether the worse self-reported health of prisoners is an effect of their detention or of their lower SES. This study assesses the influence of being in prison on self-rated health and if (and how) this relationship is mediated by SES. Data from detainees were collected in 12 Flemish prisons. To compare with the general population, data from the Belgian national health survey 2013 were used. To estimate the direct and indirect effect of being in prison on self-reported health, mediation analysis was carried out by means of natural effect models using nested counterfactuals. Following previous literature we find that prisoners report worse health than the general population and that SES has a significant influence on subjective health. Our results showed that the direct effect (exp(B)=3.43; [95% CI: 2.924-4.024]) of being in prison on self-reported health is larger than the indirect effect (through SES) (exp(B)=1,236; [95% CI: 1.195-1.278]), thus contradicting the hypotheses in previous literature that the SES is the main explanation for variation in self-reported health among prisoners. Lastly, the effect of SES on health is more important for the general population compared to detainees, suggesting that for prisoners the effect of being in prison seems to surpass the effect of SES on health.
Keywords
Belgium, health, prison health, socioeconomic factors, DRUG-USE, NATURAL DIRECT, POPULATION, WALES, INCARCERATION, INEQUALITY, SYMPTOMS, EXPOSURE, INMATES, ENGLAND

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 450.52 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Hanssens, Lise, Veerle Vyncke, Eva Steenberghs, et al. “The Role of Socioeconomic Status in the Relationship Between Detention and Self-rated Health Among Prison Detainees in Belgium.” HEALTH & SOCIAL CARE IN THE COMMUNITY 26.4 (2018): 547–555. Print.
APA
Hanssens, L., Vyncke, V., Steenberghs, E., & Willems, S. (2018). The role of socioeconomic status in the relationship between detention and self-rated health among prison detainees in Belgium. HEALTH & SOCIAL CARE IN THE COMMUNITY, 26(4), 547–555.
Chicago author-date
Hanssens, Lise, Veerle Vyncke, Eva Steenberghs, and Sara Willems. 2018. “The Role of Socioeconomic Status in the Relationship Between Detention and Self-rated Health Among Prison Detainees in Belgium.” Health & Social Care in the Community 26 (4): 547–555.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hanssens, Lise, Veerle Vyncke, Eva Steenberghs, and Sara Willems. 2018. “The Role of Socioeconomic Status in the Relationship Between Detention and Self-rated Health Among Prison Detainees in Belgium.” Health & Social Care in the Community 26 (4): 547–555.
Vancouver
1.
Hanssens L, Vyncke V, Steenberghs E, Willems S. The role of socioeconomic status in the relationship between detention and self-rated health among prison detainees in Belgium. HEALTH & SOCIAL CARE IN THE COMMUNITY. 2018;26(4):547–55.
IEEE
[1]
L. Hanssens, V. Vyncke, E. Steenberghs, and S. Willems, “The role of socioeconomic status in the relationship between detention and self-rated health among prison detainees in Belgium,” HEALTH & SOCIAL CARE IN THE COMMUNITY, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 547–555, 2018.
@article{8558519,
  abstract     = {{Prisoners are known to report worse health than the general population. Research has also shown that the prison population counts disproportionally more people with a lower socioeconomic status (SES), making it difficult to determine whether the worse self-reported health of prisoners is an effect of their detention or of their lower SES. This study assesses the influence of being in prison on self-rated health and if (and how) this relationship is mediated by SES. Data from detainees were collected in 12 Flemish prisons. To compare with the general population, data from the Belgian national health survey 2013 were used. To estimate the direct and indirect effect of being in prison on self-reported health, mediation analysis was carried out by means of natural effect models using nested counterfactuals. Following previous literature we find that prisoners report worse health than the general population and that SES has a significant influence on subjective health. Our results showed that the direct effect (exp(B)=3.43; [95% CI: 2.924-4.024]) of being in prison on self-reported health is larger than the indirect effect (through SES) (exp(B)=1,236; [95% CI: 1.195-1.278]), thus contradicting the hypotheses in previous literature that the SES is the main explanation for variation in self-reported health among prisoners. Lastly, the effect of SES on health is more important for the general population compared to detainees, suggesting that for prisoners the effect of being in prison seems to surpass the effect of SES on health.}},
  author       = {{Hanssens, Lise and Vyncke, Veerle and Steenberghs, Eva and Willems, Sara}},
  issn         = {{0966-0410}},
  journal      = {{HEALTH & SOCIAL CARE IN THE COMMUNITY}},
  keywords     = {{Belgium,health,prison health,socioeconomic factors,DRUG-USE,NATURAL DIRECT,POPULATION,WALES,INCARCERATION,INEQUALITY,SYMPTOMS,EXPOSURE,INMATES,ENGLAND}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{547--555}},
  title        = {{The role of socioeconomic status in the relationship between detention and self-rated health among prison detainees in Belgium}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12552}},
  volume       = {{26}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: