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The predictive power of people’s intraindividual variability across situations: Implementing whole trait theory in assessment.

(2018) JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY. 103(7). p.753-771
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Abstract
In the last decade, there has been increased recognition that traits refer not only to between-person differences but also to meaningful within-person variability across situations (i.e., whole trait theory). So far, this broader more contemporary trait conceptualization has made few inroads into assessment practices. Therefore, this study focuses on the assessment and predictive power of people’s intraindividual variability across situations. In three studies (either in student or employee samples), both test-takers’ mean trait scores and the variability of their responses across multiple written job-related situations of a situational judgment test (SJT) were assessed. Results revealed that people’s intraindividual variability (a) was related to their self-rated functional flexibility, (b) predicted performance above their mean scores, and (c) predicted their actual personality state variability over 10 days. These results open opportunities for complementing traditional selection procedures with more dynamic indices in assessment.
Keywords
intraindividual variability, personality states, situational judgment test, personal initiative, whole trait theory

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Citation

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Chicago
Lievens, Filip, Jonas Lang, Filip De Fruyt, Jan Corstjens, Myrjam Van de Vijver, and Ronald Bledow. 2018. “The Predictive Power of People’s Intraindividual Variability Across Situations: Implementing Whole Trait Theory in Assessment.” Journal of Applied Psychology 103 (7): 753–771.
APA
Lievens, F., Lang, J., De Fruyt, F., Corstjens, J., Van de Vijver, M., & Bledow, R. (2018). The predictive power of people’s intraindividual variability across situations: Implementing whole trait theory in assessment. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY, 103(7), 753–771.
Vancouver
1.
Lievens F, Lang J, De Fruyt F, Corstjens J, Van de Vijver M, Bledow R. The predictive power of people’s intraindividual variability across situations: Implementing whole trait theory in assessment. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY. American Psychological Association (APA); 2018;103(7):753–71.
MLA
Lievens, Filip, Jonas Lang, Filip De Fruyt, et al. “The Predictive Power of People’s Intraindividual Variability Across Situations: Implementing Whole Trait Theory in Assessment.” JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY 103.7 (2018): 753–771. Print.
@article{8558338,
  abstract     = {In the last decade, there has been increased recognition that traits refer not only to between-person differences but also to meaningful within-person variability across situations (i.e., whole trait theory). So far, this broader more contemporary trait conceptualization has made few inroads into assessment practices. Therefore, this study focuses on the assessment and predictive power of people{\textquoteright}s intraindividual variability across situations. In three studies (either in student or employee samples), both test-takers{\textquoteright} mean trait scores and the variability of their responses across multiple written job-related situations of a situational judgment test (SJT) were assessed. Results revealed that people{\textquoteright}s intraindividual variability (a) was related to their self-rated functional flexibility, (b) predicted performance above
their mean scores, and (c) predicted their actual personality state variability over 10 days. These results
open opportunities for complementing traditional selection procedures with more dynamic indices in
assessment.},
  author       = {Lievens, Filip and Lang, Jonas and De Fruyt, Filip and Corstjens, Jan and Van de Vijver, Myrjam and Bledow, Ronald},
  issn         = {0021-9010},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {intraindividual variability,personality states,situational judgment test,personal initiative,whole trait theory},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {753--771},
  publisher    = {American Psychological Association (APA)},
  title        = {The predictive power of people{\textquoteright}s intraindividual variability across situations: Implementing whole trait theory in assessment.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/apl0000280},
  volume       = {103},
  year         = {2018},
}

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