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Sustainable intensification in the production of grass and forage crops in the Low Countries of north-west Europe

(2017) GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE. 72(3). p.369-381
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Abstract
Production of grass and fodder crops in areas under intensive production systems in the Low Countries of north-west Europe faces a number of threats related to increased regulations, scarcity of land and restricted freedom of use of the land, and from climate change. Grassland-based farmers are pushed to do more with less, i.e., to improve eco-efficiency, and this requires "more knowledge per ha." This article argues that progress in variety breeding, the application of crop rotation instead of monocultures, a proper use of catch crops, ley-arable farming and overall good management offer realistic opportunities to cope with current threats. A large capacity for mechanization also allows improvement of net yields per ha. This article highlights that progress in plant breeding has compensated for yield declines caused by nutrient-input restrictions in forage maize (Zea mays L.). Both forage maize and grass-clover can take advantages of ley-arable farming, and crop rotation provides an insurance against the effects of low-yielding years and a buffer for reduced nutrient inputs.
Keywords
MINERAL N FERTILIZER, SANDY LOAM SOIL, NITROGEN-FERTILIZATION, CROPPING, SYSTEMS, ECO-EFFICIENCY, SILAGE MAIZE, SLURRY APPLICATION, GENETIC-VARIATION, CLOVER LEYS, ROOT-GROWTH, cropping systems, good agricultural practices, grassland farming, ley-arable farming, mechanization, progress by plant breeding, yield gap

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Citation

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Chicago
Reheul, Dirk, Mathias Cougnon, M Kayser, J Pannecoucque, Jolien Swanckaert, Benny De Cauwer, A van den Pol-van Dasselaar, and A De Vliegher. 2017. “Sustainable Intensification in the Production of Grass and Forage Crops in the Low Countries of North-west Europe.” Grass and Forage Science 72 (3): 369–381.
APA
Reheul, D., Cougnon, M., Kayser, M., Pannecoucque, J., Swanckaert, J., De Cauwer, B., van den Pol-van Dasselaar, A., et al. (2017). Sustainable intensification in the production of grass and forage crops in the Low Countries of north-west Europe. GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE, 72(3), 369–381.
Vancouver
1.
Reheul D, Cougnon M, Kayser M, Pannecoucque J, Swanckaert J, De Cauwer B, et al. Sustainable intensification in the production of grass and forage crops in the Low Countries of north-west Europe. GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE. 2017;72(3):369–81.
MLA
Reheul, Dirk, Mathias Cougnon, M Kayser, et al. “Sustainable Intensification in the Production of Grass and Forage Crops in the Low Countries of North-west Europe.” GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE 72.3 (2017): 369–381. Print.
@article{8558188,
  abstract     = {Production of grass and fodder crops in areas under intensive production systems in the Low Countries of north-west Europe faces a number of threats related to increased regulations, scarcity of land and restricted freedom of use of the land, and from climate change. Grassland-based farmers are pushed to do more with less, i.e., to improve eco-efficiency, and this requires {\textacutedbl}more knowledge per ha.{\textacutedbl} This article argues that progress in variety breeding, the application of crop rotation instead of monocultures, a proper use of catch crops, ley-arable farming and overall good management offer realistic opportunities to cope with current threats. A large capacity for mechanization also allows improvement of net yields per ha. This article highlights that progress in plant breeding has compensated for yield declines caused by nutrient-input restrictions in forage maize (Zea mays L.). Both forage maize and grass-clover can take advantages of ley-arable farming, and crop rotation provides an insurance against the effects of low-yielding years and a buffer for reduced nutrient inputs.},
  author       = {Reheul, Dirk and Cougnon, Mathias and Kayser, M and Pannecoucque, J and Swanckaert, Jolien and De Cauwer, Benny and van den Pol-van Dasselaar, A and De Vliegher, A},
  issn         = {0142-5242},
  journal      = {GRASS AND FORAGE SCIENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {369--381},
  title        = {Sustainable intensification in the production of grass and forage crops in the Low Countries of north-west Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gfs.12285},
  volume       = {72},
  year         = {2017},
}

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