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Cognitive Control in Depression: Toward Clinical Models Informed by Cognitive Neuroscience

Ivan Grahek UGent, Jonas Everaert UGent, Ruth Krebs UGent and Ernst Koster UGent (2018) CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE.
abstract
Cognitive control dysfunctions are thought to contribute to the onset and maintenance of depression. However, the causes and nature of these dysfunctions remain unknown. Here, we critically review contemporary research on cognitive control in depression. We identify three main conceptual issues in this field: 1) uncritical use of the tripartite model; 2) reliance on descriptive explanations; and 3) lack of integration with emotional and motivational impairments. Recent advances in cognitive neuroscience offer possibilities to resolve these issues. We review this progress focusing on the ability to detect the need for control, the role of motivation, and the flexibility-stability balance. We propose that depression-related dysfunctions arise from issues in detecting when, how, and for how long to engage in goal-oriented processing. In conclusion, we argue that integrating advances in cognitive neuroscience into clinical research can help to move from a descriptive towards a more mechanistic understanding of cognitive dysfunctions in depression.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
in press
keyword
depression, cognitive control, executive functions, motivation, anhedonia
journal title
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
publisher
SAGE Publications
ISSN
2167-7026
2167-7034
DOI
10.1177/2167702618758969
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
8557835
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8557835
alternative location
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2167702618758969
date created
2018-03-29 13:41:26
date last changed
2018-05-14 12:21:22
@article{8557835,
  abstract     = {Cognitive control dysfunctions are thought to contribute to the onset and maintenance of depression. However, the causes and nature of these dysfunctions remain unknown. Here, we critically review contemporary research on cognitive control in depression. We identify three main conceptual issues in this field: 1) uncritical use of the tripartite model; 2) reliance on descriptive explanations; and 3) lack of integration with emotional and motivational impairments. Recent advances in cognitive neuroscience offer possibilities to resolve these issues. We review this progress focusing on the ability to detect the need for control, the role of motivation, and the flexibility-stability balance. We propose that depression-related dysfunctions arise from issues in detecting when, how, and for how long to engage in goal-oriented processing. In conclusion, we argue that integrating advances in cognitive neuroscience into clinical research can help to move from a descriptive towards a more mechanistic understanding of cognitive dysfunctions in depression.},
  author       = {Grahek, Ivan and Everaert, Jonas and Krebs, Ruth and Koster, Ernst},
  issn         = {2167-7026},
  journal      = {CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE},
  keyword      = {depression,cognitive control,executive functions,motivation,anhedonia},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  title        = {Cognitive Control in Depression: Toward Clinical Models Informed by Cognitive Neuroscience},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2167702618758969},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Grahek, Ivan, Jonas Everaert, Ruth Krebs, and Ernst Koster. 2018. “Cognitive Control in Depression: Toward Clinical Models Informed by Cognitive Neuroscience.” Clinical Psychological Science.
APA
Grahek, I., Everaert, J., Krebs, R., & Koster, E. (2018). Cognitive Control in Depression: Toward Clinical Models Informed by Cognitive Neuroscience. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE.
Vancouver
1.
Grahek I, Everaert J, Krebs R, Koster E. Cognitive Control in Depression: Toward Clinical Models Informed by Cognitive Neuroscience. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. SAGE Publications; 2018;
MLA
Grahek, Ivan, Jonas Everaert, Ruth Krebs, et al. “Cognitive Control in Depression: Toward Clinical Models Informed by Cognitive Neuroscience.” CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE (2018): n. pag. Print.