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Species diversity, pollinator resource value and edibility potential of woody networks in the countryside in northern Belgium

Sanne Van Den Berge (UGent) , Lander Baeten (UGent) , Margot Vanhellemont (UGent) , Evy Ampoorter (UGent) , Willem Proesmans (UGent) , Maxime Eeraerts (UGent) , Martin Hermy (UGent) , Guy Smagghe (UGent) , I Vermeulen and Kris Verheyen (UGent)
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Abstract
Woody networks of hedgerows, tree lines and forest patches can harbour a high biodiversity and may serve as an important species refuge in agricultural landscapes. In order to protect the biodiversity and associated potential ecosystem services of woody networks, we need to understand their drivers. We surveyed the plant diversity and calculated the pollinator resource value and edibility value of 831 woody elements in 47 landscape windows of 1 km(2) in the countryside in northern Belgium. The woody network hosted approximately 45% of the plant diversity in the studied countryside, and forest species, grassland species, tall herbs as well as pioneer species coexisted successfully within the woody elements. The pollination resource value showed the highest correlation with the species richness and abundance of the forest species, whereas for edibility the species richness and abundance of the tall herbs were determinative. The number of forest species mainly depended on the presence of forests in the surrounding landscape and the link was even stronger in historical woody elements. For grassland species, tall herbs and pioneers, we found that structural variables of the woody element itself were the most important driver. We argue that by protecting existing woody elements and thoughtfully designing and locating new ones, intrinsic and functional diversity in the countryside can benefit well.
Keywords
Agro-ecology, Plant species groups, Species-environment analysis, Resources for pollinators, Edible herbs, Agro-conservation measures, PLANT DIVERSITY, FIELD MARGINS, AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES, ECOSYSTEM SERVICE, LAND-USE, HEDGEROWS, BIODIVERSITY, CONSERVATION, HABITATS, MANAGEMENT

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Chicago
Van Den Berge, Sanne, Lander Baeten, Margot Vanhellemont, Evy Ampoorter, Willem Proesmans, Maxime Eeraerts, Martin Hermy, Guy Smagghe, I Vermeulen, and Kris Verheyen. 2018. “Species Diversity, Pollinator Resource Value and Edibility Potential of Woody Networks in the Countryside in Northern Belgium.” Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 259: 119–126.
APA
Van Den Berge, Sanne, Baeten, L., Vanhellemont, M., Ampoorter, E., Proesmans, W., Eeraerts, M., Hermy, M., et al. (2018). Species diversity, pollinator resource value and edibility potential of woody networks in the countryside in northern Belgium. AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT, 259, 119–126.
Vancouver
1.
Van Den Berge S, Baeten L, Vanhellemont M, Ampoorter E, Proesmans W, Eeraerts M, et al. Species diversity, pollinator resource value and edibility potential of woody networks in the countryside in northern Belgium. AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT. 2018;259:119–26.
MLA
Van Den Berge, Sanne, Lander Baeten, Margot Vanhellemont, et al. “Species Diversity, Pollinator Resource Value and Edibility Potential of Woody Networks in the Countryside in Northern Belgium.” AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT 259 (2018): 119–126. Print.
@article{8557631,
  abstract     = {Woody networks of hedgerows, tree lines and forest patches can harbour a high biodiversity and may serve as an important species refuge in agricultural landscapes. In order to protect the biodiversity and associated potential ecosystem services of woody networks, we need to understand their drivers. We surveyed the plant diversity and calculated the pollinator resource value and edibility value of 831 woody elements in 47 landscape windows of 1 km(2) in the countryside in northern Belgium. The woody network hosted approximately 45\% of the plant diversity in the studied countryside, and forest species, grassland species, tall herbs as well as pioneer species coexisted successfully within the woody elements. The pollination resource value showed the highest correlation with the species richness and abundance of the forest species, whereas for edibility the species richness and abundance of the tall herbs were determinative. The number of forest species mainly depended on the presence of forests in the surrounding landscape and the link was even stronger in historical woody elements. For grassland species, tall herbs and pioneers, we found that structural variables of the woody element itself were the most important driver. We argue that by protecting existing woody elements and thoughtfully designing and locating new ones, intrinsic and functional diversity in the countryside can benefit well.},
  author       = {Van Den Berge, Sanne and Baeten, Lander and Vanhellemont, Margot and Ampoorter, Evy and Proesmans, Willem and Eeraerts, Maxime and Hermy, Martin and Smagghe, Guy and Vermeulen, I and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {0167-8809},
  journal      = {AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS \& ENVIRONMENT},
  keyword      = {Agro-ecology,Plant species groups,Species-environment analysis,Resources for pollinators,Edible herbs,Agro-conservation measures,PLANT DIVERSITY,FIELD MARGINS,AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES,ECOSYSTEM SERVICE,LAND-USE,HEDGEROWS,BIODIVERSITY,CONSERVATION,HABITATS,MANAGEMENT},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {119--126},
  title        = {Species diversity, pollinator resource value and edibility potential of woody networks in the countryside in northern Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2018.03.008},
  volume       = {259},
  year         = {2018},
}

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