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Test methods to determine durability of concrete under combined environmental actions and mechanical load: final report of RILEM TC 246-TDC

(2017) MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES. 50(2). p.1-13
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Abstract
At present several methods are available to predict the durability of reinforced concrete structures. In most cases, one dominant deterioration process such as carbonation or chloride penetration is taken into consideration. Experimental results as well as observations in practice show that this is not a realistic and certainly not a conservative approach. In order to test more realistically, RILEM TC 246-TDC, founded in 2011, has developed a method to determine the durability of concrete exposed to the combined action of chloride penetration and mechanical load. In this report, a test method is presented which allows determination of realistic diffusion coefficients for chloride ions in concrete under compressive or tensile stress. Comparative test results from five different laboratories showed that the combination of mechanical and environmental loads may be much more severe than a single environmental load without mechanical loading. Modelling and probabilistic analysis also showed that the obvious synergetic effects cannot be neglected in realistic service life prediction.
Keywords
Concrete durability, Service life prediction, Chloride ion diffusion, Compressive stress, Tensile stress, Combined actions

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MLA
Yao, Yan et al. “Test Methods to Determine Durability of Concrete Under Combined Environmental Actions and Mechanical Load: Final Report of RILEM TC 246-TDC.” MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES 50.2 (2017): 1–13. Print.
APA
Yao, Yan, Wang, L., Wittmann, F. H., De Belie, N., Schlangen, E., Eguez Alava, H., Wang, Z., et al. (2017). Test methods to determine durability of concrete under combined environmental actions and mechanical load: final report of RILEM TC 246-TDC. MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, 50(2), 1–13.
Chicago author-date
Yao, Yan, Ling Wang, Folker H. Wittmann, Nele De Belie, Erik Schlangen, Hugo Eguez Alava, Zhendi Wang, et al. 2017. “Test Methods to Determine Durability of Concrete Under Combined Environmental Actions and Mechanical Load: Final Report of RILEM TC 246-TDC.” Materials and Structures 50 (2): 1–13.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Yao, Yan, Ling Wang, Folker H. Wittmann, Nele De Belie, Erik Schlangen, Hugo Eguez Alava, Zhendi Wang, Sylvia Kessler, Christoph Gehlen, Balqis Md. Yunus, Juan Li, Weihong Li, Max J. Setzer, Feng Xing, and Yin Cao. 2017. “Test Methods to Determine Durability of Concrete Under Combined Environmental Actions and Mechanical Load: Final Report of RILEM TC 246-TDC.” Materials and Structures 50 (2): 1–13.
Vancouver
1.
Yao Y, Wang L, Wittmann FH, De Belie N, Schlangen E, Eguez Alava H, et al. Test methods to determine durability of concrete under combined environmental actions and mechanical load: final report of RILEM TC 246-TDC. MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES. Dordrecht: Springer; 2017;50(2):1–13.
IEEE
[1]
Y. Yao et al., “Test methods to determine durability of concrete under combined environmental actions and mechanical load: final report of RILEM TC 246-TDC,” MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 1–13, 2017.
@article{8557509,
  abstract     = {At present several methods are available to predict the durability of reinforced concrete structures. In most cases, one dominant deterioration process such as carbonation or chloride penetration is taken into consideration. Experimental results as well as observations in practice show that this is not a realistic and certainly not a conservative approach. In order to test more realistically, RILEM TC 246-TDC, founded in 2011, has developed a method to determine the durability of concrete exposed to the combined action of chloride penetration and mechanical load. In this report, a test method is presented which allows determination of realistic diffusion coefficients for chloride ions in concrete under compressive or tensile stress. Comparative test results from five different laboratories showed that the combination of mechanical and environmental loads may be much more severe than a single environmental load without mechanical loading. Modelling and probabilistic analysis also showed that the obvious synergetic effects cannot be neglected in realistic service life prediction.},
  articleno    = {123},
  author       = {Yao, Yan and Wang, Ling and Wittmann, Folker H. and De Belie, Nele and Schlangen, Erik and Eguez Alava, Hugo and Wang, Zhendi and Kessler, Sylvia and Gehlen, Christoph and Yunus, Balqis Md. and Li, Juan and Li, Weihong and Setzer, Max J. and Xing, Feng and Cao, Yin},
  issn         = {1359-5997},
  journal      = {MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES},
  keywords     = {Concrete durability,Service life prediction,Chloride ion diffusion,Compressive stress,Tensile stress,Combined actions},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {123:1--123:13},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Test methods to determine durability of concrete under combined environmental actions and mechanical load: final report of RILEM TC 246-TDC},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-016-0983-5},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2017},
}

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