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Testing superabsorbent polymer (SAP) sorption properties prior to implementation in concrete : results of a RILEM Round-Robin Test

(2018) MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES. 51(1). p.1-16
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Abstract
This article presents the results of a round-robin test performed by 13 international research groups in the framework of the activities of the RILEM Technical Committee 260 RSC "Recommendations for use of superabsorbent polymers in concrete construction''. Two commercially available superabsorbent polymers (SAP) with different chemical compositions and gradings were tested in terms of their kinetics of absorption in different media; demineralized water, cement filtrate solution with a particular cement distributed to every participant and a local cement chosen by the participant. Two absorption test methods were considered; the tea-bag method and the filtration method. The absorption capacity was evaluated as a function of time. The results showed correspondence in behaviour of the SAPs among all participants, but also between the two test methods, even though high scatter was observed at early minutes of testing after immersion. The tea-bag method proved to be more practical in terms of time dependent study, whereby the filtration method showed less variation in the absorption capacity after 24 h. However, absorption followed by intrinsic, ionmediated desorption of a specific SAP sample in the course of time was not detected by the filtration method. This SAP-specific characteristic was only displayed by the tea-bag method. This demonstrates the practical applicability of both test methods, each one having their own strengths and weaknesses at distinct testing times.
Keywords
CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS, NEUTRON-RADIOGRAPHY, MORTAR, Absorption capacity, Filtration method, Kinetics, Round-robin test, Superabsorbent polymer, Tea-bag method

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Chicago
Mechtcherine, Viktor, Didier Snoeck, Christof Schroefl, Nele De Belie, Agnieszka J. Klemm, Kazuo Ichimiya, Juhyuk Moon, et al. 2018. “Testing Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP) Sorption Properties Prior to Implementation in Concrete : Results of a RILEM Round-Robin Test.” Materials and Structures 51 (1): 1–16.
APA
Mechtcherine, V., Snoeck, D., Schroefl, C., De Belie, N., Klemm, A. J., Ichimiya, K., Moon, J., et al. (2018). Testing superabsorbent polymer (SAP) sorption properties prior to implementation in concrete : results of a RILEM Round-Robin Test. MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES, 51(1), 1–16.
Vancouver
1.
Mechtcherine V, Snoeck D, Schroefl C, De Belie N, Klemm AJ, Ichimiya K, et al. Testing superabsorbent polymer (SAP) sorption properties prior to implementation in concrete : results of a RILEM Round-Robin Test. MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES. Dordrecht: Springer; 2018;51(1):1–16.
MLA
Mechtcherine, Viktor, Didier Snoeck, Christof Schroefl, et al. “Testing Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP) Sorption Properties Prior to Implementation in Concrete : Results of a RILEM Round-Robin Test.” MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES 51.1 (2018): 1–16. Print.
@article{8557494,
  abstract     = {This article presents the results of a round-robin test performed by 13 international research groups in the framework of the activities of the RILEM Technical Committee 260 RSC {\textacutedbl}Recommendations for use of superabsorbent polymers in concrete construction''. Two commercially available superabsorbent polymers (SAP) with different chemical compositions and gradings were tested in terms of their kinetics of absorption in different media; demineralized water, cement filtrate solution with a particular cement distributed to every participant and a local cement chosen by the participant. Two absorption test methods were considered; the tea-bag method and the filtration method. The absorption capacity was evaluated as a function of time. The results showed correspondence in behaviour of the SAPs among all participants, but also between the two test methods, even though high scatter was observed at early minutes of testing after immersion. The tea-bag method proved to be more practical in terms of time dependent study, whereby the filtration method showed less variation in the absorption capacity after 24 h. However, absorption followed by intrinsic, ionmediated desorption of a specific SAP sample in the course of time was not detected by the filtration method. This SAP-specific characteristic was only displayed by the tea-bag method. This demonstrates the practical applicability of both test methods, each one having their own strengths and weaknesses at distinct testing times.},
  articleno    = {28},
  author       = {Mechtcherine, Viktor and Snoeck, Didier and Schroefl, Christof and De Belie, Nele and Klemm, Agnieszka J. and Ichimiya, Kazuo and Moon, Juhyuk and Wyrzykowski, Mateusz and Lura, Pietro and Toropovs, Nikolajs and Assmann, Alexander and Igarashi, Shin-ichi and De la Varga, Igor and Almeida, Fernando C. R. and Erk, Kendra and Ribeiro, Antonio Bettencourt and Custodio, Joao and Reinhardt, Hans Wolf and Falikman, Vyatcheslav},
  issn         = {1359-5997},
  journal      = {MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES},
  keyword      = {CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS,NEUTRON-RADIOGRAPHY,MORTAR,Absorption capacity,Filtration method,Kinetics,Round-robin test,Superabsorbent polymer,Tea-bag method},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {28:1--28:16},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Testing superabsorbent polymer (SAP) sorption properties prior to implementation in concrete : results of a RILEM Round-Robin Test},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1617/s11527-018-1149-4},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2018},
}

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