Advanced search
1 file | 1.88 MB

Automatic imitation : a meta-analysis

(2018) PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN. 144(5). p.453-500
Author
Organization
Abstract
Automatic imitation is the finding that movement execution is facilitated by compatible and impeded by incompatible observed movements. In the past fifteen years, automatic imitation has been studied to understand the relation between perception and action in social interaction. Although research on this topic started in cognitive science, interest quickly spread to related disciplines such as social psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. However, important theoretical questions have remained unanswered. Therefore, in the present meta-analysis, we evaluated seven key questions on automatic imitation. The results, based on 161 studies containing 226 experiments, revealed an overall effect size of gz = 0.95, 95% CI = [0.88, 1.02]. Moderator analyses identified automatic imitation as a flexible, largely automatic process that is driven by movement and effector compatibility, but is also influenced by spatial compatibility. Automatic imitation was found to be stronger for forced choice tasks than for simple response tasks, for human agents than for non-human agents, and for goalless actions than for goal-directed actions. However, it was not modulated by more subtle factors such as animacy beliefs, motion profiles, or visual perspective. Finally, there was no evidence for a relation between automatic imitation and either empathy or autism. Among other things, these findings point towards actor-imitator similarity as a crucial modulator of automatic imitation and challenge the view that imitative tendencies are an indicator of social functioning. The current meta-analysis has important theoretical implications and sheds light on longstanding controversies in the literature on automatic imitation and related domains.
Keywords
ROBUST VARIANCE-ESTIMATION, AUTISM SPECTRUM CONDITIONS, TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION, RIGHT TEMPOROPARIETAL JUNCTION, CROSS-CONTEXTUAL IMITATION, SMALL-SAMPLE ADJUSTMENTS, HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM, MIRROR-NEURON SYSTEM, JOINT ACTION, BIOLOGICAL MOTION

Downloads

    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.88 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Cracco, Emiel, Lara Bardi, Charlotte Desmet, Oliver Genschow, Davide Rigoni, Lize De Coster, Ina Radkova, Eliane Deschrijver, and Marcel Brass. 2018. “Automatic Imitation : a Meta-analysis.” Psychological Bulletin 144 (5): 453–500.
APA
Cracco, E., Bardi, L., Desmet, C., Genschow, O., Rigoni, D., De Coster, L., Radkova, I., et al. (2018). Automatic imitation : a meta-analysis. PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 144(5), 453–500.
Vancouver
1.
Cracco E, Bardi L, Desmet C, Genschow O, Rigoni D, De Coster L, et al. Automatic imitation : a meta-analysis. PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN. 2018;144(5):453–500.
MLA
Cracco, Emiel, Lara Bardi, Charlotte Desmet, et al. “Automatic Imitation : a Meta-analysis.” PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN 144.5 (2018): 453–500. Print.
@article{8557211,
  abstract     = {Automatic imitation is the finding that movement execution is facilitated by compatible and impeded by incompatible observed movements. In the past fifteen years, automatic imitation has been studied to understand the relation between perception and action in social interaction. Although research on this topic started in cognitive science, interest quickly spread to related disciplines such as social psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. However, important theoretical questions have remained unanswered. Therefore, in the present meta-analysis, we evaluated seven key questions on automatic imitation. The results, based on 161 studies containing 226 experiments, revealed an overall effect size of gz = 0.95, 95\% CI = [0.88, 1.02]. Moderator analyses identified automatic imitation as a flexible, largely automatic process that is driven by movement and effector compatibility, but is also influenced by spatial compatibility. Automatic imitation was found to be stronger for forced choice tasks than for simple response tasks, for human agents than for non-human agents, and for goalless actions than for goal-directed actions. However, it was not modulated by more subtle factors such as animacy beliefs, motion profiles, or visual perspective. Finally, there was no evidence for a relation between automatic imitation and either empathy or autism. Among other things, these findings point towards actor-imitator similarity as a crucial modulator of automatic imitation and challenge the view that imitative tendencies are an indicator of social functioning. The current meta-analysis has important theoretical implications and sheds light on longstanding controversies in the literature on automatic imitation and related domains.},
  author       = {Cracco, Emiel and Bardi, Lara and Desmet, Charlotte and Genschow, Oliver and Rigoni, Davide and De Coster, Lize and Radkova, Ina and Deschrijver, Eliane and Brass, Marcel},
  issn         = {0033-2909},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL BULLETIN},
  keyword      = {ROBUST VARIANCE-ESTIMATION,AUTISM SPECTRUM CONDITIONS,TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION,RIGHT TEMPOROPARIETAL JUNCTION,CROSS-CONTEXTUAL IMITATION,SMALL-SAMPLE ADJUSTMENTS,HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM,MIRROR-NEURON SYSTEM,JOINT ACTION,BIOLOGICAL MOTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {453--500},
  title        = {Automatic imitation : a meta-analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000143},
  volume       = {144},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: