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Water recovery from sewage using forward osmosis

(2011) WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 64(7). p.1443-1449
Author
Organization
Abstract
This research is part of the Sewer Mining project aimed at developing a new technological concept by extracting water from sewage by means of forward osmosis (FO). FO, in combination with a reconcentration system, e. g. reverse osmosis (RO) is used to recover high-quality water. Furthermore, the subsequent concentrated sewage (containing an inherent energy content) can be converted into a renewable energy (RE) source (i.e. biogas). The effectiveness of FO membranes in the recovery of water from sewage has been evaluated. Stable FO water flux values (>4.3 LMH) were obtained with primary effluent (screened, not treated) used as the feed solution. Fouling of the membrane was also induced and further investigated. Accumulated fouling was found to be apparent, but not irreversible. Sewer Mining could lead to a more economical and sustainable treatment of wastewater, facilitating the extraction of water and energy from sewage and changing the way it is perceived: not as waste, but as a resource.
Keywords
digestion, energy, forward osmosis, reuse, Sewer Mining, water, INTERNAL CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION, PROCESS PERFORMANCE, FLUX BEHAVIOR, WASTE-WATER, MEMBRANES, FILTRATION

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Chicago
Lutchmiah, Kerusha, Emile Cornelissen, Danny JH Harmsen, Jan W Post, Keith Lampi, Hans Ramaekers, Luuk C Rietveld, and Kees Roest. 2011. “Water Recovery from Sewage Using Forward Osmosis.” Water Science and Technology 64 (7): 1443–1449.
APA
Lutchmiah, K., Cornelissen, E., Harmsen, D. J., Post, J. W., Lampi, K., Ramaekers, H., Rietveld, L. C., et al. (2011). Water recovery from sewage using forward osmosis. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 64(7), 1443–1449.
Vancouver
1.
Lutchmiah K, Cornelissen E, Harmsen DJ, Post JW, Lampi K, Ramaekers H, et al. Water recovery from sewage using forward osmosis. WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. 2011;64(7):1443–9.
MLA
Lutchmiah, Kerusha, Emile Cornelissen, Danny JH Harmsen, et al. “Water Recovery from Sewage Using Forward Osmosis.” WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 64.7 (2011): 1443–1449. Print.
@article{8557119,
  abstract     = {This research is part of the Sewer Mining project aimed at developing a new technological concept by extracting water from sewage by means of forward osmosis (FO). FO, in combination with a reconcentration system, e. g. reverse osmosis (RO) is used to recover high-quality water. Furthermore, the subsequent concentrated sewage (containing an inherent energy content) can be converted into a renewable energy (RE) source (i.e. biogas). The effectiveness of FO membranes in the recovery of water from sewage has been evaluated. Stable FO water flux values ({\textrangle}4.3 LMH) were obtained with primary effluent (screened, not treated) used as the feed solution. Fouling of the membrane was also induced and further investigated. Accumulated fouling was found to be apparent, but not irreversible. Sewer Mining could lead to a more economical and sustainable treatment of wastewater, facilitating the extraction of water and energy from sewage and changing the way it is perceived: not as waste, but as a resource.},
  author       = {Lutchmiah, Kerusha and Cornelissen, Emile and Harmsen, Danny JH and Post, Jan W and Lampi, Keith and Ramaekers, Hans and Rietveld, Luuk C and Roest, Kees},
  issn         = {0273-1223},
  journal      = {WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {digestion,energy,forward osmosis,reuse,Sewer Mining,water,INTERNAL CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION,PROCESS PERFORMANCE,FLUX BEHAVIOR,WASTE-WATER,MEMBRANES,FILTRATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {1443--1449},
  title        = {Water recovery from sewage using forward osmosis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2011.773},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2011},
}

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