Advanced search
1 file | 399.39 KB Add to list

Environmental impacts and causes of conflict in the Horn of Africa : a review

(2018) EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS. 177. p.284-290
Author
Organization
Abstract
The Horn of Africa region stands out amongst the planet's territories that are most volatile and vulnerable to armed violence. Conflicts have greatly affected the region over the past 50 years. The conflicts have disrupted the lives of people as well as the environment in ways that are not fully understood. Although armed conflict has generally had a negative impact on the environment, the environmental impact of conflict within the Horn of Africa has barely been evaluated. Similarly, our understanding that climate variability as well as change could have played a role in increasing or decreasing the impacts of conflicts within the Horn of Africa is insufficient. Therefore, this paper looks at the environmental impacts of conflict in the Horn of Africa since 1970 and also the role of climate variability in increasing or decreasing the impacts of conflict. Scientific publications as well as grey literature were reviewed with the aim to understand the status of past and present conflicts in the Horn of Africa, environmental impacts of conflict and the role of climate variability in decreasing or increasing impacts of conflict. The review demonstrates that conflict has extensive negative impacts on the environment in the Horn of Africa with main causes like grievances, government behaviour and interests, resource scarcity and trans border conflict as well as internal migration and climate variability. Similarly, climate variability plays a great role in exacerbating the impacts of conflict in the region. However, further research is needed to clearly show the impact of conflict and climate variability on the environment in the Horn of Africa.
Keywords
FOREST COVER CHANGE, CLIMATE-CHANGE, ARMED CONFLICT, CIVIL-WAR, VIOLENT, CONFLICT, EAST-AFRICA, WILDLIFE, UGANDA, SUDAN, KENYA, Climate variability, Conflict, Biodiversity, Soil pollution, Water, pollution, Air pollution, Horn of Africa

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 399.39 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Solomon, Negasi et al. “Environmental Impacts and Causes of Conflict in the Horn of Africa : a Review.” EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS 177 (2018): 284–290. Print.
APA
Solomon, N., Birhane, E., Gordon, C., Haile, M., Taheri, F., Azadi, H., & Scheffran, J. (2018). Environmental impacts and causes of conflict in the Horn of Africa : a review. EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS, 177, 284–290.
Chicago author-date
Solomon, Negasi, Emiru Birhane, Christopher Gordon, Mebrahtu Haile, Fatemeh Taheri, Hossein Azadi, and Jurgen Scheffran. 2018. “Environmental Impacts and Causes of Conflict in the Horn of Africa : a Review.” Earth-science Reviews 177: 284–290.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Solomon, Negasi, Emiru Birhane, Christopher Gordon, Mebrahtu Haile, Fatemeh Taheri, Hossein Azadi, and Jurgen Scheffran. 2018. “Environmental Impacts and Causes of Conflict in the Horn of Africa : a Review.” Earth-science Reviews 177: 284–290.
Vancouver
1.
Solomon N, Birhane E, Gordon C, Haile M, Taheri F, Azadi H, et al. Environmental impacts and causes of conflict in the Horn of Africa : a review. EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS. 2018;177:284–90.
IEEE
[1]
N. Solomon et al., “Environmental impacts and causes of conflict in the Horn of Africa : a review,” EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS, vol. 177, pp. 284–290, 2018.
@article{8556986,
  abstract     = {The Horn of Africa region stands out amongst the planet's territories that are most volatile and vulnerable to armed violence. Conflicts have greatly affected the region over the past 50 years. The conflicts have disrupted the lives of people as well as the environment in ways that are not fully understood. Although armed conflict has generally had a negative impact on the environment, the environmental impact of conflict within the Horn of Africa has barely been evaluated. Similarly, our understanding that climate variability as well as change could have played a role in increasing or decreasing the impacts of conflicts within the Horn of Africa is insufficient. Therefore, this paper looks at the environmental impacts of conflict in the Horn of Africa since 1970 and also the role of climate variability in increasing or decreasing the impacts of conflict. Scientific publications as well as grey literature were reviewed with the aim to understand the status of past and present conflicts in the Horn of Africa, environmental impacts of conflict and the role of climate variability in decreasing or increasing impacts of conflict. The review demonstrates that conflict has extensive negative impacts on the environment in the Horn of Africa with main causes like grievances, government behaviour and interests, resource scarcity and trans border conflict as well as internal migration and climate variability. Similarly, climate variability plays a great role in exacerbating the impacts of conflict in the region. However, further research is needed to clearly show the impact of conflict and climate variability on the environment in the Horn of Africa.},
  author       = {Solomon, Negasi and Birhane, Emiru and Gordon, Christopher and Haile, Mebrahtu and Taheri, Fatemeh and Azadi, Hossein and Scheffran, Jurgen},
  issn         = {0012-8252},
  journal      = {EARTH-SCIENCE REVIEWS},
  keywords     = {FOREST COVER CHANGE,CLIMATE-CHANGE,ARMED CONFLICT,CIVIL-WAR,VIOLENT,CONFLICT,EAST-AFRICA,WILDLIFE,UGANDA,SUDAN,KENYA,Climate variability,Conflict,Biodiversity,Soil pollution,Water,pollution,Air pollution,Horn of Africa},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {284--290},
  title        = {Environmental impacts and causes of conflict in the Horn of Africa : a review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.11.016},
  volume       = {177},
  year         = {2018},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: