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Organic matter composition more important than concentration in ion exchange demineralization of different water qualities for the production of steam

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Abstract
Fresh water becomes a limited resource in the industry. In order to help chemical industries use other water sources and close their water cycle for the production of steam, a well-founded insight on the challenges and possibilities of switching from one specific water quality to another is needed. A case study for Monsanto Europe N.V. was carried out, but the main findings hold for many more applications, as many industries struggle with water scarcity and feel the need to reuse wastewater. Besides demineralization by ion exchange (IEX), the total organic carbon (TOC) concentration, composition, and the formation of organic acids under boiler conditions were investigated for two different water qualities (Antwerp tap water and wastewater after reverse osmosis (RO) treatment). The comparison included the effect of TOC composition on its removal by IEX and the potential corrosiveness of TOC compounds. Despite tap water showing a more efficient and higher TOC removal compared to RO permeate (93% and 57%, respectively), tap water led to more organic acid formation under boiler conditions. Including the composition of the organic matter in TOC corrosiveness assessment may offer multiple advantages, not in the least economic benefits, when less treatment is required in order to meet the TOC limit value.
Keywords
WASTE-WATER, REMOVAL, RESINS, TEMPERATURE, FRACTIONS, EFFLUENT, CARBON, ACID

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Citation

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Chicago
De Meyer, Evelyn, Bart Peeters, Marjolein Vanoppen, Kim Verbeken, and Arne Verliefde. 2018. “Organic Matter Composition More Important Than Concentration in Ion Exchange Demineralization of Different Water Qualities for the Production of Steam.” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 57 (10): 3742–3752.
APA
De Meyer, Evelyn, Peeters, B., Vanoppen, M., Verbeken, K., & Verliefde, A. (2018). Organic matter composition more important than concentration in ion exchange demineralization of different water qualities for the production of steam. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 57(10), 3742–3752.
Vancouver
1.
De Meyer E, Peeters B, Vanoppen M, Verbeken K, Verliefde A. Organic matter composition more important than concentration in ion exchange demineralization of different water qualities for the production of steam. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH. 2018;57(10):3742–52.
MLA
De Meyer, Evelyn, Bart Peeters, Marjolein Vanoppen, et al. “Organic Matter Composition More Important Than Concentration in Ion Exchange Demineralization of Different Water Qualities for the Production of Steam.” INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH 57.10 (2018): 3742–3752. Print.
@article{8552785,
  abstract     = {Fresh water becomes a limited resource in the industry. In order to help chemical industries use other water sources and close their water cycle for the production of steam, a well-founded insight on the challenges and possibilities of switching from one specific water quality to another is needed. A case study for Monsanto Europe N.V. was carried out, but the main findings hold for many more applications, as many industries struggle with water scarcity and feel the need to reuse wastewater. Besides demineralization by ion exchange (IEX), the total organic carbon (TOC) concentration, composition, and the formation of organic acids under boiler conditions were investigated for two different water qualities (Antwerp tap water and wastewater after reverse osmosis (RO) treatment). The comparison included the effect of TOC composition on its removal by IEX and the potential corrosiveness of TOC compounds. Despite tap water showing a more efficient and higher TOC removal compared to RO permeate (93\% and 57\%, respectively), tap water led to more organic acid formation under boiler conditions. Including the composition of the organic matter in TOC corrosiveness assessment may offer multiple advantages, not in the least economic benefits, when less treatment is required in order to meet the TOC limit value.},
  author       = {De Meyer, Evelyn and Peeters, Bart and Vanoppen, Marjolein and Verbeken, Kim and Verliefde, Arne},
  issn         = {0888-5885},
  journal      = {INDUSTRIAL \& ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {WASTE-WATER,REMOVAL,RESINS,TEMPERATURE,FRACTIONS,EFFLUENT,CARBON,ACID},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {3742--3752},
  title        = {Organic matter composition more important than concentration in ion exchange demineralization of different water qualities for the production of steam},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.7b05059},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2018},
}

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