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State of science: occupational slips, trips and falls on the same level

(2016) ERGONOMICS. 59(7). p.861-883
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Abstract
Occupational slips, trips and falls on the same level (STFL) result in substantial injuries worldwide. This paper summarises the state of science regarding STFL, outlining relevant aspects of epidemiology, biomechanics, psychophysics, tribology, organisational influences and injury prevention. This review reaffirms that STFL remain a major cause of workplace injury and STFL prevention is a complex problem, requiring multi-disciplinary, multi-faceted approaches. Despite progress in recent decades in understanding the mechanisms involved in STFL, especially slipping, research leading to evidence-based prevention practices remains insufficient, given the problem scale. It is concluded that there is a pressing need to develop better fall prevention strategies using systems approaches conceptualising and addressing the factors involved in STFL, with considerations of the full range of factors and their interactions. There is also an urgent need for field trials of various fall prevention strategies to assess the effectiveness of different intervention components and their interactions.Practitioner Summary: Work-related slipping, tripping and falls on the same level are a major source of occupational injury. The causes are broadly understood, although more attention is needed from a systems perspective. Research has shown preventative action to be effective, but further studies are required to understand which aspects are most beneficial.
Keywords
LOCAL DYNAMIC STABILITY, FAST-FOOD RESTAURANTS, SHOE-FLOOR INTERFACE, LOW-BACK-PAIN, CENTER-OF-MASS, REQUIRED COEFFICIENT, SURFACE-ROUGHNESS, RISK-FACTORS, SLIPPERINESS MEASUREMENT, STOCHASTIC DISTRIBUTION, Slips, trips and falls, workplace falls, fall causation, fall, prevention, occupational injury prevention

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Citation

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MLA
Chang, Wen-Ruey et al. “State of Science: Occupational Slips, Trips and Falls on the Same Level.” ERGONOMICS 59.7 (2016): 861–883. Print.
APA
Chang, W.-R., Leclercq, S., Lockhart, T. E., & Haslam, R. (2016). State of science: occupational slips, trips and falls on the same level. ERGONOMICS, 59(7), 861–883.
Chicago author-date
Chang, Wen-Ruey, Sylvie Leclercq, Thurmon E. Lockhart, and Roger Haslam. 2016. “State of Science: Occupational Slips, Trips and Falls on the Same Level.” Ergonomics 59 (7): 861–883.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Chang, Wen-Ruey, Sylvie Leclercq, Thurmon E. Lockhart, and Roger Haslam. 2016. “State of Science: Occupational Slips, Trips and Falls on the Same Level.” Ergonomics 59 (7): 861–883.
Vancouver
1.
Chang W-R, Leclercq S, Lockhart TE, Haslam R. State of science: occupational slips, trips and falls on the same level. ERGONOMICS. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd; 2016;59(7):861–83.
IEEE
[1]
W.-R. Chang, S. Leclercq, T. E. Lockhart, and R. Haslam, “State of science: occupational slips, trips and falls on the same level,” ERGONOMICS, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 861–883, 2016.
@article{8552305,
  abstract     = {Occupational slips, trips and falls on the same level (STFL) result in substantial injuries worldwide. This paper summarises the state of science regarding STFL, outlining relevant aspects of epidemiology, biomechanics, psychophysics, tribology, organisational influences and injury prevention. This review reaffirms that STFL remain a major cause of workplace injury and STFL prevention is a complex problem, requiring multi-disciplinary, multi-faceted approaches. Despite progress in recent decades in understanding the mechanisms involved in STFL, especially slipping, research leading to evidence-based prevention practices remains insufficient, given the problem scale. It is concluded that there is a pressing need to develop better fall prevention strategies using systems approaches conceptualising and addressing the factors involved in STFL, with considerations of the full range of factors and their interactions. There is also an urgent need for field trials of various fall prevention strategies to assess the effectiveness of different intervention components and their interactions.Practitioner Summary: Work-related slipping, tripping and falls on the same level are a major source of occupational injury. The causes are broadly understood, although more attention is needed from a systems perspective. Research has shown preventative action to be effective, but further studies are required to understand which aspects are most beneficial.},
  author       = {Chang, Wen-Ruey and Leclercq, Sylvie and Lockhart, Thurmon E. and Haslam, Roger},
  issn         = {0014-0139},
  journal      = {ERGONOMICS},
  keywords     = {LOCAL DYNAMIC STABILITY,FAST-FOOD RESTAURANTS,SHOE-FLOOR INTERFACE,LOW-BACK-PAIN,CENTER-OF-MASS,REQUIRED COEFFICIENT,SURFACE-ROUGHNESS,RISK-FACTORS,SLIPPERINESS MEASUREMENT,STOCHASTIC DISTRIBUTION,Slips,trips and falls,workplace falls,fall causation,fall,prevention,occupational injury prevention},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {861--883},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis Ltd},
  title        = {State of science: occupational slips, trips and falls on the same level},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2016.1157214},
  volume       = {59},
  year         = {2016},
}

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