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Epidemiological risk factors for animal influenza A viruses overcoming species barriers

(2017) ECOHEALTH. 14(2). p.342-360
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Abstract
Drivers and risk factors for Influenza A virus transmission across species barriers are poorly understood, despite the ever present threat to human and animal health potentially on a pandemic scale. Here we review the published evidence for epidemiological risk factors associated with influenza viruses transmitting between animal species and from animals to humans. A total of 39 papers were found with evidence of epidemiological risk factors for influenza virus transmission from animals to humans; 18 of which had some statistical measure associated with the transmission of a virus. Circumstantial or observational evidence of risk factors for transmission between animal species was found in 21 papers, including proximity to infected animals, ingestion of infected material and potential association with a species known to carry influenza virus. Only three publications were found which presented a statistical measure of an epidemiological risk factor for the transmission of influenza between animal species. This review has identified a significant gap in knowledge regarding epidemiological risk factors for the transmission of influenza viruses between animal species.
Keywords
Influenza, Avian influenza, Zoonosis, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Transmission, PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA, SWINE FARM RESIDENTS, EQUINE INFLUENZA, HUMAN INFECTION, AGRICULTURAL FAIRS, HUMAN TRANSMISSION, ZHEJIANG PROVINCE, MASS MORTALITY, DOMESTIC CATS, HARBOR SEALS

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Chicago
Harris, Kate A, Gudrun S Freidl, Olga S Munoz, Sophie von Dobschuetz, Marco De Nardi, Barbara Wieland, Marion PG Koopmans, et al. 2017. “Epidemiological Risk Factors for Animal Influenza A Viruses Overcoming Species Barriers.” Ecohealth 14 (2): 342–360.
APA
Harris, K. A., Freidl, G. S., Munoz, O. S., von Dobschuetz, S., De Nardi, M., Wieland, B., Koopmans, M. P., et al. (2017). Epidemiological risk factors for animal influenza A viruses overcoming species barriers. ECOHEALTH, 14(2), 342–360.
Vancouver
1.
Harris KA, Freidl GS, Munoz OS, von Dobschuetz S, De Nardi M, Wieland B, et al. Epidemiological risk factors for animal influenza A viruses overcoming species barriers. ECOHEALTH. 2017;14(2):342–60.
MLA
Harris, Kate A, Gudrun S Freidl, Olga S Munoz, et al. “Epidemiological Risk Factors for Animal Influenza A Viruses Overcoming Species Barriers.” ECOHEALTH 14.2 (2017): 342–360. Print.
@article{8552214,
  abstract     = {Drivers and risk factors for Influenza A virus transmission across species barriers are poorly understood, despite the ever present threat to human and animal health potentially on a pandemic scale. Here we review the published evidence for epidemiological risk factors associated with influenza viruses transmitting between animal species and from animals to humans. A total of 39 papers were found with evidence of epidemiological risk factors for influenza virus transmission from animals to humans; 18 of which had some statistical measure associated with the transmission of a virus. Circumstantial or observational evidence of risk factors for transmission between animal species was found in 21 papers, including proximity to infected animals, ingestion of infected material and potential association with a species known to carry influenza virus. Only three publications were found which presented a statistical measure of an epidemiological risk factor for the transmission of influenza between animal species. This review has identified a significant gap in knowledge regarding epidemiological risk factors for the transmission of influenza viruses between animal species.},
  author       = {Harris, Kate A and Freidl, Gudrun S and Munoz, Olga S and von Dobschuetz, Sophie and De Nardi, Marco and Wieland, Barbara and Koopmans, Marion PG and St{\"a}rk, Katharina DC and Van Reeth, Kristien and Dauphin, Gwen and Meijer, Adam and de Bruin, Erwin and Capua, Ilaria and Hill, Andy A and Kosmider, Rowena and Banks, Jill and Stevens, Kim and van der Werf, Sylvie and Enouf, Vincent and van der Meulen, Karen and Brown, Ian H and Alexander, Dennis J and Breed, Andrew C},
  issn         = {1612-9202},
  journal      = {ECOHEALTH},
  keyword      = {Influenza,Avian influenza,Zoonosis,Epidemiology,Risk factor,Transmission,PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA,SWINE FARM RESIDENTS,EQUINE INFLUENZA,HUMAN INFECTION,AGRICULTURAL FAIRS,HUMAN TRANSMISSION,ZHEJIANG PROVINCE,MASS MORTALITY,DOMESTIC CATS,HARBOR SEALS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {342--360},
  title        = {Epidemiological risk factors for animal influenza A viruses overcoming species barriers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10393-017-1244-y},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2017},
}

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