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Long-term culture and differentiation of porcine red bone marrow hematopoietic cells co-cultured with immortalized mesenchymal cells

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Abstract
Mesenchymal cells are multipotent stromal cells with self-renewal, differentiation and immunomodulatory capabilities. We aimed to develop a co-culture model for differentiating hematopoietic cells on top of immortalized mesenchymal cells for studying interactions between hematopoietic and mesenchymal cells, useful for adequately exploring the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal cells. In this study, we investigated the survival, proliferation and differentiation of porcine red bone marrow hematopoietic cells co-cultured with immortalized porcine bone marrow mesenchymal cells for a period of five weeks. Directly after collection, primary porcine bone marrow mesenchymal cells adhered firmly to the bottom of the culture plates and showed a fibroblast-like appearance, one week after isolation. Upon immortalization, porcine bone marrow mesenchymal cells were continuously proliferating. They were positive for simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen and the mesenchymal cell markers CD44 and CD55. Isolated red bone marrow cells were added to these immortalized mesenchymal cells. Five weeks post-seeding, 92 +/- 6% of the red bone marrow hematopoietic cells were still alive and their number increased 3-fold during five weekly subpassages on top of the immortalized mesenchymal cells. The red bone marrow hematopoietic cells were originally small and round; later, the cells increased in size. Some of them became elongated, while others remained round. Tiny dendrites appeared attaching hematopoietic cells to the underlying immortalized mesenchymal cells. Furthermore, weekly differential-quick staining of the cells indicated the presence of monoblasts, monocytes, macrophages and lymphocytes in the co-cultures. At three weeks of co-culture, flow cytometry analysis showed an increased surface expression of CD172a, CD14, CD163, CD169, CD4 and CD8 up to 37 +/- 0.8%, 40 +/- 8%, 41 +/- 4%, 23 +/- 3% and 19 +/- 5% of the hematopoietic cells, respectively. In conclusion, continuous mesenchymal cell cultures were successfully established and characterized and they supported the proliferation of red bone marrow hematopoietic cells, which finally differentiated into monocytic cells and CD4(+) and CD8(+) cells.
Keywords
Red bone marrow, Hematopoietic cells, Mesenchymal cells, Swine, SHEEP ERYTHROCYTE RECEPTOR, RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS, STEM-CELLS, PROGENITOR CELLS, STROMAL CELLS, SIALOADHESIN, POPULATIONS, MACROPHAGES, ACTIVATION, EXPRESSION

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Chicago
Garba, Abubakar, Delphine Acar, Inge Roukaerts, Lowiese Desmarets, Bert Devriendt, and Hans Nauwynck. 2017. “Long-term Culture and Differentiation of Porcine Red Bone Marrow Hematopoietic Cells Co-cultured with Immortalized Mesenchymal Cells.” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 191: 44–50.
APA
Garba, A., Acar, D., Roukaerts, I., Desmarets, L., Devriendt, B., & Nauwynck, H. (2017). Long-term culture and differentiation of porcine red bone marrow hematopoietic cells co-cultured with immortalized mesenchymal cells. VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY, 191, 44–50.
Vancouver
1.
Garba A, Acar D, Roukaerts I, Desmarets L, Devriendt B, Nauwynck H. Long-term culture and differentiation of porcine red bone marrow hematopoietic cells co-cultured with immortalized mesenchymal cells. VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY. 2017;191:44–50.
MLA
Garba, Abubakar, Delphine Acar, Inge Roukaerts, et al. “Long-term Culture and Differentiation of Porcine Red Bone Marrow Hematopoietic Cells Co-cultured with Immortalized Mesenchymal Cells.” VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY 191 (2017): 44–50. Print.
@article{8552143,
  abstract     = {Mesenchymal cells are multipotent stromal cells with self-renewal, differentiation and immunomodulatory capabilities. We aimed to develop a co-culture model for differentiating hematopoietic cells on top of immortalized mesenchymal cells for studying interactions between hematopoietic and mesenchymal cells, useful for adequately exploring the therapeutic potential of mesenchymal cells. In this study, we investigated the survival, proliferation and differentiation of porcine red bone marrow hematopoietic cells co-cultured with immortalized porcine bone marrow mesenchymal cells for a period of five weeks. Directly after collection, primary porcine bone marrow mesenchymal cells adhered firmly to the bottom of the culture plates and showed a fibroblast-like appearance, one week after isolation. Upon immortalization, porcine bone marrow mesenchymal cells were continuously proliferating. They were positive for simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen and the mesenchymal cell markers CD44 and CD55. Isolated red bone marrow cells were added to these immortalized mesenchymal cells. Five weeks post-seeding, 92 +/- 6\% of the red bone marrow hematopoietic cells were still alive and their number increased 3-fold during five weekly subpassages on top of the immortalized mesenchymal cells. The red bone marrow hematopoietic cells were originally small and round; later, the cells increased in size. Some of them became elongated, while others remained round. Tiny dendrites appeared attaching hematopoietic cells to the underlying immortalized mesenchymal cells. Furthermore, weekly differential-quick staining of the cells indicated the presence of monoblasts, monocytes, macrophages and lymphocytes in the co-cultures. At three weeks of co-culture, flow cytometry analysis showed an increased surface expression of CD172a, CD14, CD163, CD169, CD4 and CD8 up to 37 +/- 0.8\%, 40 +/- 8\%, 41 +/- 4\%, 23 +/- 3\% and 19 +/- 5\% of the hematopoietic cells, respectively. In conclusion, continuous mesenchymal cell cultures were successfully established and characterized and they supported the proliferation of red bone marrow hematopoietic cells, which finally differentiated into monocytic cells and CD4(+) and CD8(+) cells.},
  author       = {Garba, Abubakar and Acar, Delphine and Roukaerts, Inge and Desmarets, Lowiese and Devriendt, Bert and Nauwynck, Hans},
  issn         = {0165-2427},
  journal      = {VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Red bone marrow,Hematopoietic cells,Mesenchymal cells,Swine,SHEEP ERYTHROCYTE RECEPTOR,RESPIRATORY SYNDROME VIRUS,STEM-CELLS,PROGENITOR CELLS,STROMAL CELLS,SIALOADHESIN,POPULATIONS,MACROPHAGES,ACTIVATION,EXPRESSION},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {44--50},
  title        = {Long-term culture and differentiation of porcine red bone marrow hematopoietic cells co-cultured with immortalized mesenchymal cells},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2017.08.002},
  volume       = {191},
  year         = {2017},
}

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