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New perspectives on the ecology of tree structure and tree communities through terrestrial laser scanning

Yadvinder Malhi, Tobias Jackson, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Alvaro Lau, Alexander Shenkin, Martin Herold, Kim Calders UGent, Harm Bartholomeus and Mathias I Disney (2018) INTERFACE FOCUS. 8(2).
abstract
Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) opens up the possibility of describing the three-dimensional structures of trees in natural environments with unprecedented detail and accuracy. It is already being extensively applied to describe how ecosystem biomass and structure vary between sites, but can also facilitate major advances in developing and testing mechanistic theories of tree form and forest structure, thereby enabling us to understand why trees and forests have the biomass and three-dimensional structure they do. Here we focus on the ecological challenges and benefits of understanding tree form, and highlight some advances related to capturing and describing tree shape that are becoming possible with the advent of TLS. We present examples of ongoing work that applies, or could potentially apply, new TLS measurements to better understand the constraints on optimization of tree form. Theories of resource distribution networks, such as metabolic scaling theory, can be tested and further refined. TLS can also provide new approaches to the scaling of woody surface area and crown area, and thereby better quantify the metabolism of trees. Finally, we demonstrate how we can develop a more mechanistic understanding of the effects of avoidance of wind risk on tree form and maximum size. Over the next few years, TLS promises to deliver both major empirical and conceptual advances in the quantitative understanding of trees and tree-dominated ecosystems, leading to advances in understanding the ecology of why trees and ecosystems look and grow the way they do.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
terrestrial laser scanning, tree architecture, metabolic scaling theory, wind speed, tree surface area, branching, FOREST CANOPY STRUCTURE, FAGUS-SYLVATICA L., TROPICAL FORESTS, ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS, AMAZONIAN FORESTS, MODEL, ALLOMETRY, BALANCE, PRODUCTIVITY, ARCHITECTURE
journal title
INTERFACE FOCUS
Interface Focus
volume
8
issue
2
article number
20170052
pages
10 pages
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000425652100011
ISSN
2042-8898
2042-8901
DOI
10.1098/rsfs.2017.0052
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
U
copyright statement
I don't know the status of the copyright for this publication
id
8550688
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8550688
date created
2018-02-16 12:28:46
date last changed
2018-05-03 11:55:21
@article{8550688,
  abstract     = {Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) opens up the possibility of describing the three-dimensional structures of trees in natural environments with unprecedented detail and accuracy. It is already being extensively applied to describe how ecosystem biomass and structure vary between sites, but can also facilitate major advances in developing and testing mechanistic theories of tree form and forest structure, thereby enabling us to understand why trees and forests have the biomass and three-dimensional structure they do. Here we focus on the ecological challenges and benefits of understanding tree form, and highlight some advances related to capturing and describing tree shape that are becoming possible with the advent of TLS. We present examples of ongoing work that applies, or could potentially apply, new TLS measurements to better understand the constraints on optimization of tree form. Theories of resource distribution networks, such as metabolic scaling theory, can be tested and further refined. TLS can also provide new approaches to the scaling of woody surface area and crown area, and thereby better quantify the metabolism of trees. Finally, we demonstrate how we can develop a more mechanistic understanding of the effects of avoidance of wind risk on tree form and maximum size. Over the next few years, TLS promises to deliver both major empirical and conceptual advances in the quantitative understanding of trees and tree-dominated ecosystems, leading to advances in understanding the ecology of why trees and ecosystems look and grow the way they do.},
  articleno    = {20170052},
  author       = {Malhi, Yadvinder and Jackson, Tobias and Patrick Bentley, Lisa and Lau, Alvaro and Shenkin, Alexander and Herold, Martin and Calders, Kim and Bartholomeus, Harm and Disney, Mathias I},
  issn         = {2042-8898},
  journal      = {INTERFACE FOCUS},
  keyword      = {terrestrial laser scanning,tree architecture,metabolic scaling theory,wind speed,tree surface area,branching,FOREST CANOPY STRUCTURE,FAGUS-SYLVATICA L.,TROPICAL FORESTS,ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS,AMAZONIAN FORESTS,MODEL,ALLOMETRY,BALANCE,PRODUCTIVITY,ARCHITECTURE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {New perspectives on the ecology of tree structure and tree communities through terrestrial laser scanning},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2017.0052},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Malhi, Yadvinder, Tobias Jackson, Lisa Patrick Bentley, Alvaro Lau, Alexander Shenkin, Martin Herold, Kim Calders, Harm Bartholomeus, and Mathias I Disney. 2018. “New Perspectives on the Ecology of Tree Structure and Tree Communities Through Terrestrial Laser Scanning.” Interface Focus 8 (2).
APA
Malhi, Y., Jackson, T., Patrick Bentley, L., Lau, A., Shenkin, A., Herold, M., Calders, K., et al. (2018). New perspectives on the ecology of tree structure and tree communities through terrestrial laser scanning. INTERFACE FOCUS, 8(2).
Vancouver
1.
Malhi Y, Jackson T, Patrick Bentley L, Lau A, Shenkin A, Herold M, et al. New perspectives on the ecology of tree structure and tree communities through terrestrial laser scanning. INTERFACE FOCUS. 2018;8(2).
MLA
Malhi, Yadvinder, Tobias Jackson, Lisa Patrick Bentley, et al. “New Perspectives on the Ecology of Tree Structure and Tree Communities Through Terrestrial Laser Scanning.” INTERFACE FOCUS 8.2 (2018): n. pag. Print.