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Socio-economic determinants of physical activity across the life course : a 'DEterminants of DIet and Physical ACtivity' (DEDIPAC) umbrella literature review

(2018) PLOS ONE. 13(1).
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Abstract
Background : To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course. Methods : Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus were searched for systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies investigating the association between socioeconomic determinants of PA and PA itself (from January 2004 to September 2017). Data extraction evaluated the importance of determinants, strength of evidence, and methodological quality of the selected papers. The full protocol is available from PROSPERO (PROSPERO2014: CRD42015010616). Results : Nineteen reviews were included. Moderate methodological quality emerged. For adults, convincing evidence supports a relationship between PA and socioeconomic status (SES), especially in relation to leisure time (positive relationship) and occupational PA (negative relationship). Conversely, no association between PA and SES or parental SES was found for pre-school, school-aged children and adolescents. Conclusions : Available evidence on the socioeconomic determinants of PA behaviour across the life course is probable (shows fairly consistent associations) at best. While some evidence is available for adults, less was available for youth. This is mainly due to a limited quantity of primary studies, weak research designs and lack of accuracy in the PA and SES assessment methods employed. Further PA domain specific studies using longitudinal design and clear measures of SES and PA assessment are required.
Keywords
HEALTH BEHAVIORS, FOLLOW-UP, ADOLESCENTS, CHILDREN, ADULTS, MORTALITY, YOUTH, WOMEN

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Chicago
O’Donoghue, Grainne, Aileen Kennedy, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, et al. 2018. “Socio-economic Determinants of Physical Activity Across the Life Course : a ‘DEterminants of DIet and Physical ACtivity’ (DEDIPAC) Umbrella Literature Review.” Plos One 13 (1).
APA
O’Donoghue, G., Kennedy, A., Puggina, A., Aleksovska, K., Buck, C., Burns, C., Cardon, G., et al. (2018). Socio-economic determinants of physical activity across the life course : a “DEterminants of DIet and Physical ACtivity” (DEDIPAC) umbrella literature review. PLOS ONE, 13(1).
Vancouver
1.
O’Donoghue G, Kennedy A, Puggina A, Aleksovska K, Buck C, Burns C, et al. Socio-economic determinants of physical activity across the life course : a “DEterminants of DIet and Physical ACtivity” (DEDIPAC) umbrella literature review. PLOS ONE. 2018;13(1).
MLA
O’Donoghue, Grainne, Aileen Kennedy, Anna Puggina, et al. “Socio-economic Determinants of Physical Activity Across the Life Course : a ‘DEterminants of DIet and Physical ACtivity’ (DEDIPAC) Umbrella Literature Review.” PLOS ONE 13.1 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8550262,
  abstract     = {Background : To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course. 
Methods : Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus were searched for systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies investigating the association between socioeconomic determinants of PA and PA itself (from January 2004 to September 2017). Data extraction evaluated the importance of determinants, strength of evidence, and methodological quality of the selected papers. The full protocol is available from PROSPERO (PROSPERO2014: CRD42015010616). 
Results : Nineteen reviews were included. Moderate methodological quality emerged. For adults, convincing evidence supports a relationship between PA and socioeconomic status (SES), especially in relation to leisure time (positive relationship) and occupational PA (negative relationship). Conversely, no association between PA and SES or parental SES was found for pre-school, school-aged children and adolescents. 
Conclusions : Available evidence on the socioeconomic determinants of PA behaviour across the life course is probable (shows fairly consistent associations) at best. While some evidence is available for adults, less was available for youth. This is mainly due to a limited quantity of primary studies, weak research designs and lack of accuracy in the PA and SES assessment methods employed. Further PA domain specific studies using longitudinal design and clear measures of SES and PA assessment are required.},
  articleno    = {e190737},
  author       = {O{\textquoteright}Donoghue, Grainne and Kennedy, Aileen and Puggina, Anna and Aleksovska, Katina and Buck, Christoph and Burns, Con and Cardon, Greet and Carlin, Angela and Ciarapica, Donatella and Colotto, Marco and Condello, Giancarlo and Coppinger, Tara and Cortis, Cristina and D'Haese, Sara and De Craemer, Marieke and Di Blasio, Andrea and Hansen, Sylvia and Iacoviello, Licia and Issartel, Johann and Izzicupo, Pascal and Jaeschke, Lina and Kanning, Martina and Ling, Fiona and Luzak, Agnes and Napolitano, Giorgio and Nazare, Julie-Anne and Perchoux, Camille and Pesce, Caterina and Pischon, Tobias and Polito, Angela and Sannella, Alessandra and Schulz, Holger and Simon, Chantal and Sohun, Rhoda and Steinbrecher, Astrid and Schlicht, Wolfgang and MacDonncha, Ciaran and Capranica, Laura and Boccia, Stefania},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  journal      = {PLOS ONE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {24},
  title        = {Socio-economic determinants of physical activity across the life course : a 'DEterminants of DIet and Physical ACtivity' (DEDIPAC) umbrella literature review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190737},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}

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