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Inhibition of Cdk5 promotes β-cell differentiation from ductal progenitors

(2018) DIABETES. 67(1). p.58-70
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Abstract
Inhibition of notch signaling is known to induce differentiation of endocrine cells in zebrafish and mouse. After performing an unbiased in vivo screen of similar to 2,200 small molecules in zebrafish, we identified an inhibitor of Cdk5 (roscovitine), which potentiated the formation of beta-cells along the intrapancreatic duct during concurrent inhibition of notch signaling. We confirmed and characterized the effect with a more selective Cdk5 inhibitor, (R)-DRF053, which specifically increased the number of duct-derived beta-cells without affecting their proliferation. By duct-specific overexpression of the endogenous Cdk5 inhibitors Cdk5rap1 or Cdkal1 (which previously have been linked to diabetes in genome-wide association studies), as well as deleting cdk5, we validated the role of chemical Cdk5 inhibition in beta-cell differentiation by genetic means. Moreover, the cdk5 mutant zebrafish displayed an increased number of beta-cells independently of inhibition of notch signaling, in both the basal state and during beta-cell regeneration. Importantly, the effect of Cdk5 inhibition to promote beta-cell formation was conserved in mouse embryonic pancreatic explants, adult mice with pancreatic ductal ligation injury, and human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Thus, we have revealed a previously unknown role of Cdk5 as an endogenous suppressor of beta-cell differentiation and thereby further highlighted its importance in diabetes.
Keywords
GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION, INSULIN-SECRETION, ADULT PANCREAS, REGENERATION, ENDOCRINE, CDKAL1, MICE, METHYLTHIOTRANSFERASE, IDENTIFICATION, REPLICATION

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Chicago
Liu, Ka-Cheuk, Gunter Leuckx, Daisuke Sakano, Philip A Seymour, Charlotte L Mattsson, Linn Rautio, Willem Staels, et al. 2018. “Inhibition of Cdk5 Promotes Β-cell Differentiation from Ductal Progenitors.” Diabetes 67 (1): 58–70.
APA
Liu, K.-C., Leuckx, G., Sakano, D., Seymour, P. A., Mattsson, C. L., Rautio, L., Staels, W., et al. (2018). Inhibition of Cdk5 promotes β-cell differentiation from ductal progenitors. DIABETES, 67(1), 58–70.
Vancouver
1.
Liu K-C, Leuckx G, Sakano D, Seymour PA, Mattsson CL, Rautio L, et al. Inhibition of Cdk5 promotes β-cell differentiation from ductal progenitors. DIABETES. 2018;67(1):58–70.
MLA
Liu, Ka-Cheuk, Gunter Leuckx, Daisuke Sakano, et al. “Inhibition of Cdk5 Promotes Β-cell Differentiation from Ductal Progenitors.” DIABETES 67.1 (2018): 58–70. Print.
@article{8550085,
  abstract     = {Inhibition of notch signaling is known to induce differentiation of endocrine cells in zebrafish and mouse. After performing an unbiased in vivo screen of similar to 2,200 small molecules in zebrafish, we identified an inhibitor of Cdk5 (roscovitine), which potentiated the formation of beta-cells along the intrapancreatic duct during concurrent inhibition of notch signaling. We confirmed and characterized the effect with a more selective Cdk5 inhibitor, (R)-DRF053, which specifically increased the number of duct-derived beta-cells without affecting their proliferation. By duct-specific overexpression of the endogenous Cdk5 inhibitors Cdk5rap1 or Cdkal1 (which previously have been linked to diabetes in genome-wide association studies), as well as deleting cdk5, we validated the role of chemical Cdk5 inhibition in beta-cell differentiation by genetic means. Moreover, the cdk5 mutant zebrafish displayed an increased number of beta-cells independently of inhibition of notch signaling, in both the basal state and during beta-cell regeneration. Importantly, the effect of Cdk5 inhibition to promote beta-cell formation was conserved in mouse embryonic pancreatic explants, adult mice with pancreatic ductal ligation injury, and human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Thus, we have revealed a previously unknown role of Cdk5 as an endogenous suppressor of beta-cell differentiation and thereby further highlighted its importance in diabetes.},
  author       = {Liu, Ka-Cheuk and Leuckx, Gunter and Sakano, Daisuke and Seymour, Philip A and Mattsson, Charlotte L and Rautio, Linn and Staels, Willem and Verdonck, Yannick and Serup, Palle and Kume, Shoen and Heimberg, Harry and Andersson, Olov},
  issn         = {0012-1797},
  journal      = {DIABETES},
  keyword      = {GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION,INSULIN-SECRETION,ADULT PANCREAS,REGENERATION,ENDOCRINE,CDKAL1,MICE,METHYLTHIOTRANSFERASE,IDENTIFICATION,REPLICATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {58--70},
  title        = {Inhibition of Cdk5 promotes \ensuremath{\beta}-cell differentiation from ductal progenitors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/db16-1587},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2018},
}

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