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The co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder in adults : an analysis of cross-sectional and clinical chart data

Gunter Heylens (UGent) , Lore Aspeslagh, Jesper Dierickx (UGent) , Kariann Baetens (UGent) , Birgit Van hoorde (UGent) , GRETA DE CUYPERE (UGent) and Els Elaut (UGent)
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Abstract
Quantitative studies indicate an overrepresentation of ASD in individuals with GD. This study aims to determine the prevalence of autistic traits or ASD in adults with GD using two different data collection methods: (1) cross-sectional data using the social responsiveness scale-adults (SRS-A) and the autism quotient (AQ) (n = 63). (2) Clinical chart data (n = 532). Mean SRS-A scores were significantly higher compared to a norm population. Almost 5% of the patients with GD scored above the cut-off as measured by the AQ. In 32 patients (6%), a certain ASD diagnosis was found in the patient files, which is sixfold higher compared to the general population. Significantly more "birth assigned male" were affected compared to "birth assigned female".
Keywords
Autism spectrum disorder, Gender dysphoria, Comorbidity, QUOTIENT AQ, CHILDREN, TRAITS, ADOLESCENTS, SCALE

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Heylens, Gunter, Lore Aspeslagh, Jesper Dierickx, Kariann Baetens, Van hoordeBirgit, GRETA DE CUYPERE, and Els Elaut. 2018. “The Co-occurrence of Gender Dysphoria and Autism Spectrum Disorder in Adults : an Analysis of Cross-sectional and Clinical Chart Data.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 48 (6): 2217–2223.
APA
Heylens, Gunter, Aspeslagh, L., Dierickx, J., Baetens, K., Van hoordeBirgit, DE CUYPERE, G., & Elaut, E. (2018). The co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder in adults : an analysis of cross-sectional and clinical chart data. JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, 48(6), 2217–2223.
Vancouver
1.
Heylens G, Aspeslagh L, Dierickx J, Baetens K, Van hoordeBirgit, DE CUYPERE G, et al. The co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder in adults : an analysis of cross-sectional and clinical chart data. JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS. 2018;48(6):2217–23.
MLA
Heylens, Gunter, Lore Aspeslagh, Jesper Dierickx, et al. “The Co-occurrence of Gender Dysphoria and Autism Spectrum Disorder in Adults : an Analysis of Cross-sectional and Clinical Chart Data.” JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS 48.6 (2018): 2217–2223. Print.
@article{8549525,
  abstract     = {Quantitative studies indicate an overrepresentation of ASD in individuals with GD. This study aims to determine the prevalence of autistic traits or ASD in adults with GD using two different data collection methods: (1) cross-sectional data using the social responsiveness scale-adults (SRS-A) and the autism quotient (AQ) (n = 63). (2) Clinical chart data (n = 532). Mean SRS-A scores were significantly higher compared to a norm population. Almost 5\% of the patients with GD scored above the cut-off as measured by the AQ. In 32 patients (6\%), a certain ASD diagnosis was found in the patient files, which is sixfold higher compared to the general population. Significantly more {\textacutedbl}birth assigned male{\textacutedbl} were affected compared to {\textacutedbl}birth assigned female{\textacutedbl}.},
  author       = {Heylens, Gunter and Aspeslagh, Lore and Dierickx, Jesper and Baetens, Kariann and Van hoorde, Birgit and DE CUYPERE, GRETA and Elaut, Els},
  issn         = {0162-3257},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS},
  keyword      = {Autism spectrum disorder,Gender dysphoria,Comorbidity,QUOTIENT AQ,CHILDREN,TRAITS,ADOLESCENTS,SCALE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2217--2223},
  title        = {The co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder in adults : an analysis of cross-sectional and clinical chart data},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-3480-6},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2018},
}

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