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Sidewinder syndrome associated with partial rupture of the ligamentum capitis ossis femoris

Ellen Paulussen (UGent) , Han Versnaeyen, Kelly Deneut (UGent) , Koen Chiers (UGent) and Gunther van Loon (UGent)
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Abstract
A 25-year-old Welsh Cob stallion was presented with a sudden onset of abnormal hind limb gait. Being led at walk on a straight line, the hindquarters were shifted to the right and the horse was walking on three tracks. Treatment with corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti -inflammatory drugs was attempted but ineffective and eventually the horse was euthanased. Postmortem examination of the coxofemoral joints revealed a bilateral degeneration of the articular cartilage of both the acetabulum and the femoral head, as well as a partial rupture of the left ligamentum capitis ossis femoris. Histological examination of this ligament showed collagen fibre fragmentation, increased proteoglycan and cellular infiltrates. The irreversible clinical signs were compatible with so-called ’sidewinder syndrome’ and ’crabwalking’ to the right and were associated with partial rupture of the left ligamentum capitis ossis femoris and bilateral degenerative joint disease of the coxofemoral joint, but the exact aetiology remains unknown.
Keywords
crabwalker, horse, equine, lameness, ataxia

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Chicago
Paulussen, Ellen, Han Versnaeyen, Kelly Deneut, Koen Chiers, and Gunther van Loon. 2018. “Sidewinder Syndrome Associated with Partial Rupture of the Ligamentum Capitis Ossis Femoris.” Veterinary Record Case Reports 6 (1).
APA
Paulussen, E., Versnaeyen, H., Deneut, K., Chiers, K., & van Loon, G. (2018). Sidewinder syndrome associated with partial rupture of the ligamentum capitis ossis femoris. VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS, 6(1).
Vancouver
1.
Paulussen E, Versnaeyen H, Deneut K, Chiers K, van Loon G. Sidewinder syndrome associated with partial rupture of the ligamentum capitis ossis femoris. VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS. 2018;6(1).
MLA
Paulussen, Ellen, Han Versnaeyen, Kelly Deneut, et al. “Sidewinder Syndrome Associated with Partial Rupture of the Ligamentum Capitis Ossis Femoris.” VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS 6.1 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8548869,
  abstract     = {A 25-year-old Welsh Cob stallion was presented with a sudden onset of abnormal hind limb gait. Being led at walk on a straight line, the hindquarters were shifted to the right and the horse was walking on three tracks. Treatment with corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti -inflammatory drugs was attempted but ineffective and eventually the horse was euthanased. Postmortem examination of the coxofemoral joints revealed a bilateral degeneration of the articular cartilage of both the acetabulum and the femoral head, as well as a partial rupture of the left ligamentum capitis ossis femoris. Histological examination of this ligament showed collagen fibre fragmentation, increased proteoglycan and cellular infiltrates. The irreversible clinical signs were compatible with so-called {\textquoteright}sidewinder syndrome{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteright}crabwalking{\textquoteright} to the right and were associated with partial rupture of the left ligamentum capitis ossis femoris and bilateral degenerative joint disease of the coxofemoral joint, but the exact aetiology remains unknown. },
  articleno    = {e000505},
  author       = {Paulussen, Ellen and Versnaeyen, Han and Deneut, Kelly and Chiers, Koen and van Loon, Gunther},
  issn         = {2052-6121},
  journal      = {VETERINARY RECORD CASE REPORTS},
  keyword      = {crabwalker,horse,equine,lameness,ataxia},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {4},
  title        = {Sidewinder syndrome associated with partial rupture of the ligamentum capitis ossis femoris},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2017-000505},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2018},
}

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