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Modelling understorey dynamics in temperate forests under global change : challenges and perspectives

Dries Landuyt (UGent) , Michael Perring (UGent) , R Seidl, F Taubert, Hans Verbeeck (UGent) and Kris Verheyen (UGent)
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Abstract
The understorey harbours a substantial part of vascular plant diversity in temperate forests and plays an important functional role, affecting ecosystem processes such as nutrient cycling and overstorey regeneration. Global change, however, is putting these understorey communities on trajectories of change, potentially altering and reducing their functioning in the future. Developing mitigation strategies to safeguard the diversity and functioning of temperate forests in the future is challenging and requires improved predictive capacity. Process-based models that predict understorey community composition over time, based on first principles of ecology, have the potential to guide mitigation endeavours but such approaches are rare. Here, we review fourteen understorey modelling approaches that have been proposed during the last three decades. We evaluate their inclusion of mechanisms that are required to predict the impact of global change on understorey communities. We conclude that none of the currently existing models fully accounts for all processes that we deem important based on empirical and experimental evidence. Based on this review, we contend new models are needed to project the complex impacts of global change on forest understoreys. Plant functional traits should be central to such future model developments, as they drive community assembly processes and provide valuable information on the functioning of the understorey. Given the important role of the overstorey, a coupling of understorey models to overstorey models will be essential to predict the impact of global change on understorey composition and structure, and how it will affect the functioning of temperate forests in the future.
Keywords
Herb layer, Ground vegetation, Mechanistic, Process-based, Forest ecosystems, Review, FAGUS-SYLVATICA L., BOREAL FORESTS, ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE, PLANT-COMMUNITIES, GROUND VEGETATION, SPECIES-DIVERSITY, SEED-GERMINATION, TREE, ECOSYSTEMS, RESPONSES

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Chicago
Landuyt, Dries, Michael Perring, R Seidl, F Taubert, Hans Verbeeck, and Kris Verheyen. 2018. “Modelling Understorey Dynamics in Temperate Forests Under Global Change : Challenges and Perspectives.” Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 31: 44–54.
APA
Landuyt, D., Perring, M., Seidl, R., Taubert, F., Verbeeck, H., & Verheyen, K. (2018). Modelling understorey dynamics in temperate forests under global change : challenges and perspectives. PERSPECTIVES IN PLANT ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS, 31, 44–54.
Vancouver
1.
Landuyt D, Perring M, Seidl R, Taubert F, Verbeeck H, Verheyen K. Modelling understorey dynamics in temperate forests under global change : challenges and perspectives. PERSPECTIVES IN PLANT ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS. 2018;31:44–54.
MLA
Landuyt, Dries, Michael Perring, R Seidl, et al. “Modelling Understorey Dynamics in Temperate Forests Under Global Change : Challenges and Perspectives.” PERSPECTIVES IN PLANT ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS 31 (2018): 44–54. Print.
@article{8548203,
  abstract     = {The understorey harbours a substantial part of vascular plant diversity in temperate forests and plays an important functional role, affecting ecosystem processes such as nutrient cycling and overstorey regeneration. Global change, however, is putting these understorey communities on trajectories of change, potentially altering and reducing their functioning in the future. Developing mitigation strategies to safeguard the diversity and functioning of temperate forests in the future is challenging and requires improved predictive capacity. Process-based models that predict understorey community composition over time, based on first principles of ecology, have the potential to guide mitigation endeavours but such approaches are rare. Here, we review fourteen understorey modelling approaches that have been proposed during the last three decades. We evaluate their inclusion of mechanisms that are required to predict the impact of global change on understorey communities. We conclude that none of the currently existing models fully accounts for all processes that we deem important based on empirical and experimental evidence. Based on this review, we contend new models are needed to project the complex impacts of global change on forest understoreys. Plant functional traits should be central to such future model developments, as they drive community assembly processes and provide valuable information on the functioning of the understorey. Given the important role of the overstorey, a coupling of understorey models to overstorey models will be essential to predict the impact of global change on understorey composition and structure, and how it will affect the functioning of temperate forests in the future.},
  author       = {Landuyt, Dries and Perring, Michael and Seidl, R and Taubert, F and Verbeeck, Hans and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {1433-8319},
  journal      = {PERSPECTIVES IN PLANT ECOLOGY EVOLUTION AND SYSTEMATICS},
  keywords     = {Herb layer,Ground vegetation,Mechanistic,Process-based,Forest ecosystems,Review,FAGUS-SYLVATICA L.,BOREAL FORESTS,ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGE,PLANT-COMMUNITIES,GROUND VEGETATION,SPECIES-DIVERSITY,SEED-GERMINATION,TREE,ECOSYSTEMS,RESPONSES},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {44--54},
  title        = {Modelling understorey dynamics in temperate forests under global change : challenges and perspectives},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ppees.2018.01.002},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2018},
}

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