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Development and validation of the Midwife Profiling Questionnaire assessing women’s preferred perinatal care professional and knowledge of midwives’ legal competences

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Abstract
Objectives: Currently maternity care organisation is developing worldwide. Therefore insight in the position of the midwife is important. The 'Midwife Profiling Questionnaire′ (MidProQ) measures women’s preferred perinatal care professional and their knowledge of midwives’ legal competences. MidProQ is based on the European legal framework and was tested in a pilot study. This study aims to determine its content and face validity. Study design.: A two-phase validation study with a Delphi method questioning content experts (n=10) on items relevance and clarity as well as its scale and face validity. Further semi-structured interviews were performed with lay experts (n=10) to evaluate the questionnaire’s clarity, layout, phrasing and wording. Results: After round one, most questions (42/47) were considered content valid for relevance and clarity (Item Content Validity Index 0.80–1.00). Scale (Scale Content Validity Index 0.92) and face validity (Face Validity Index 0.89) of the entire instrument was obtained. Five questions were revised until item content (0.83–1.00), scale content (0.92) and face validity (1.00) were appropriate. Lay experts’ suggestions for improving the readability and usability were taken into account. Conclusions: We developed a valid instrument to elicit women’s preferred health professional for uncomplicated pregnancy, labour and childbirth and to determine their knowledge about midwives’ legal competences. Our instrument can be valuable in identifying knowledge gaps and improving the knowledge of the general population about the midwifery profession and maternity care. Finally, the MidProQ may improve research in the domain of maternity care culture, scale up midwifery and facilitate a more women-centred care.
Keywords
Validation study, Midwives’ competences, Women’s preferences, Women’s knowledge, Uncomplicated pregnancy, Uncomplicated labour, uncomplicated childbirth, Midwifery

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Chicago
Vermeulen, Joeri, Wim Peersman, Linda Quadvlieg, Maaike Fobelets, Gerlinde De Clercq, Eva Swinnen, and Katrien Beeckman. 2018. “Development and Validation of the Midwife Profiling Questionnaire Assessing Women’s Preferred Perinatal Care Professional and Knowledge of Midwives' Legal Competences.” Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare 16: 23–32.
APA
Vermeulen, Joeri, Peersman, W., Quadvlieg, L., Fobelets, M., De Clercq, G., Swinnen, E., & Beeckman, K. (2018). Development and validation of the Midwife Profiling Questionnaire assessing women’s preferred perinatal care professional and knowledge of midwives' legal competences. SEXUAL & REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHCARE, 16, 23–32.
Vancouver
1.
Vermeulen J, Peersman W, Quadvlieg L, Fobelets M, De Clercq G, Swinnen E, et al. Development and validation of the Midwife Profiling Questionnaire assessing women’s preferred perinatal care professional and knowledge of midwives' legal competences. SEXUAL & REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHCARE. 2018;16:23–32.
MLA
Vermeulen, Joeri, Wim Peersman, Linda Quadvlieg, et al. “Development and Validation of the Midwife Profiling Questionnaire Assessing Women’s Preferred Perinatal Care Professional and Knowledge of Midwives' Legal Competences.” SEXUAL & REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHCARE 16 (2018): 23–32. Print.
@article{8547703,
  abstract     = {Objectives: Currently maternity care organisation is developing worldwide. Therefore insight in the position of
the midwife is important. The 'Midwife Profiling Questionnaire{\textquotesingle} (MidProQ) measures women{\textquoteright}s preferred perinatal
care professional and their knowledge of midwives{\textquoteright} legal competences. MidProQ is based on the European
legal framework and was tested in a pilot study. This study aims to determine its content and face validity.
Study design.: A two-phase validation study with a Delphi method questioning content experts (n=10) on items
relevance and clarity as well as its scale and face validity. Further semi-structured interviews were performed
with lay experts (n=10) to evaluate the questionnaire{\textquoteright}s clarity, layout, phrasing and wording.
Results: After round one, most questions (42/47) were considered content valid for relevance and clarity (Item
Content Validity Index 0.80--1.00). Scale (Scale Content Validity Index 0.92) and face validity (Face Validity
Index 0.89) of the entire instrument was obtained. Five questions were revised until item content (0.83--1.00),
scale content (0.92) and face validity (1.00) were appropriate. Lay experts{\textquoteright} suggestions for improving the
readability and usability were taken into account.
Conclusions: We developed a valid instrument to elicit women{\textquoteright}s preferred health professional for uncomplicated
pregnancy, labour and childbirth and to determine their knowledge about midwives{\textquoteright} legal competences. Our
instrument can be valuable in identifying knowledge gaps and improving the knowledge of the general population
about the midwifery profession and maternity care. Finally, the MidProQ may improve research in the
domain of maternity care culture, scale up midwifery and facilitate a more women-centred care.},
  author       = {Vermeulen, Joeri and Peersman, Wim and Quadvlieg, Linda and Fobelets, Maaike and De Clercq, Gerlinde and Swinnen, Eva and Beeckman, Katrien},
  issn         = {1877-5756},
  journal      = {SEXUAL \& REPRODUCTIVE HEALTHCARE},
  keyword      = {Validation study,Midwives{\textquoteright} competences,Women{\textquoteright}s preferences,Women{\textquoteright}s knowledge,Uncomplicated pregnancy,Uncomplicated labour,uncomplicated childbirth,Midwifery},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {23--32},
  title        = {Development and validation of the Midwife Profiling Questionnaire assessing women{\textquoteright}s preferred perinatal care professional and knowledge of midwives{\textquoteright} legal competences},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2018.01.003},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2018},
}

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