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Geophysical exploration of an old dumpsite in the perspective of enhanced landfill mining in Kermt area, Belgium

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Abstract
Landfills are becoming major sources for industrial raw materials yet it is difficult to determine the type of material hosted in old dumps. The investigated old dump in Kermt-Hasselt is an ultimate example of an uncontrolled system of waste disposal from field observation. The application of enhanced landfill mining (ELFM) on old dumps is intended to manage the tonnes of waste deposited in the past for economic and environmental development. The goal is to use geophysical methods to characterize buried waste resources (metals, plastics, rubbles) concealed in a dump over an area of 7540m(2). The results show a dump of 2 m thick, characterized by heterogeneous buried waste material mostly of domestic origin. The concealed waste recorded ground conductivity between 12 - 80 mS/m, resistivity of 155-380 m, radar signals between 10 - 50ns and magnetic field between 42,400-46,000 nT. Metallic and plastic materials constitute the main sources of the measured anomalies.
Keywords
Waste, FDEM, ERT, GPR, Magnetic profiling, CONTAMINATION, SITE, CHARACTERIZE, GROUNDWATER

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MLA
Yannah, Mero et al. “Geophysical Exploration of an Old Dumpsite in the Perspective of Enhanced Landfill Mining in Kermt Area, Belgium.” BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 78.1 (2019): 55–67. Print.
APA
Yannah, M., Martens, K., Van Camp, M., & Walraevens, K. (2019). Geophysical exploration of an old dumpsite in the perspective of enhanced landfill mining in Kermt area, Belgium. BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, 78(1), 55–67.
Chicago author-date
Yannah, Mero, Kristine Martens, Marc Van Camp, and Kristine Walraevens. 2019. “Geophysical Exploration of an Old Dumpsite in the Perspective of Enhanced Landfill Mining in Kermt Area, Belgium.” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 78 (1): 55–67.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Yannah, Mero, Kristine Martens, Marc Van Camp, and Kristine Walraevens. 2019. “Geophysical Exploration of an Old Dumpsite in the Perspective of Enhanced Landfill Mining in Kermt Area, Belgium.” Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 78 (1): 55–67.
Vancouver
1.
Yannah M, Martens K, Van Camp M, Walraevens K. Geophysical exploration of an old dumpsite in the perspective of enhanced landfill mining in Kermt area, Belgium. BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT. 2019;78(1):55–67.
IEEE
[1]
M. Yannah, K. Martens, M. Van Camp, and K. Walraevens, “Geophysical exploration of an old dumpsite in the perspective of enhanced landfill mining in Kermt area, Belgium,” BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 55–67, 2019.
@article{8547479,
  abstract     = {Landfills are becoming major sources for industrial raw materials yet it is difficult to determine the type of material hosted in old dumps. The investigated old dump in Kermt-Hasselt is an ultimate example of an uncontrolled system of waste disposal from field observation. The application of enhanced landfill mining (ELFM) on old dumps is intended to manage the tonnes of waste deposited in the past for economic and environmental development. The goal is to use geophysical methods to characterize buried waste resources (metals, plastics, rubbles) concealed in a dump over an area of 7540m(2). The results show a dump of 2 m thick, characterized by heterogeneous buried waste material mostly of domestic origin. The concealed waste recorded ground conductivity between 12 - 80 mS/m, resistivity of 155-380 m, radar signals between 10 - 50ns and magnetic field between 42,400-46,000 nT. Metallic and plastic materials constitute the main sources of the measured anomalies.},
  author       = {Yannah, Mero and Martens, Kristine and Van Camp, Marc and Walraevens, Kristine},
  issn         = {1435-9529},
  journal      = {BULLETIN OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT},
  keywords     = {Waste,FDEM,ERT,GPR,Magnetic profiling,CONTAMINATION,SITE,CHARACTERIZE,GROUNDWATER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {55--67},
  title        = {Geophysical exploration of an old dumpsite in the perspective of enhanced landfill mining in Kermt area, Belgium},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10064-017-1169-2},
  volume       = {78},
  year         = {2019},
}

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