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Implications of rising temperatures for gametophyte performance of two kelp species from Arctic waters

(2017) BOTANICA MARINA. 60(1). p.39-48
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine the temperature effects on photosynthesis, growth and reproduction in gametophytes of Alaria esculenta (Linnaeus) Greville and Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C. E. Lane, C. Mayes, Druehl et G. W. Saunders from the Artic waters. After 24 days of culture, no gametophytes of either species survived at 20 degrees C. Most growth parameters were greater at 10-15 degrees C than at 5 degrees C. Length and width were similar for both species, but area was greater for A. esculenta and cell number was greater for S. latissima. Female gametophytes were larger than male gametophytes in width and area, but the opposite was observed in cell number. In A. esculenta, but not for S. latissima, the percentage of female gametophytes decreased with increasing temperature. Alaria esculenta female gametophytes produced more sporophytes at 5 degrees C than at 10 degrees C, with no sporophytes at 15 degrees C. In S. latissima, all female gametophytes produced sporophytes at both 5 degrees C and 10 degrees C, with a small percentage of sporophytes at 15 degrees C. Saccharina latissima still had a measurable F v/F m at 20 degrees C, while the F v/F m of A. esculenta was zero at this temperature. Maximum relative electron transport rate (rETR(max)) and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) were constant in the male and female gametophytes of A. esculenta and the male gametophytes of S. latissima at temperatures between 5 degrees C and 15 degrees C. Photosynthesis was saturated at a higher irradiance in A. esculenta than in S. latissima.
Keywords
Alaria esculenta, Arctic, climate warming, Saccharina latissima, temperature, LAMINARIA-SACCHARINA PHAEOPHYTA, UV-RADIATION, MACROCYSTIS-PYRIFERA, DELAYED DEVELOPMENT, YOUNG SPOROPHYTES, LIGHT, SEAWEEDS, GROWTH, PHOTOSYNTHESIS, POLAR

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Chicago
Park, Jihae, Jang K Kim, Jeong-Ae Kong, Stephen Depuydt, Murray T Brown, and Taejun Han. 2017. “Implications of Rising Temperatures for Gametophyte Performance of Two Kelp Species from Arctic Waters.” Botanica Marina 60 (1): 39–48.
APA
Park, Jihae, Kim, J. K., Kong, J.-A., Depuydt, S., Brown, M. T., & Han, T. (2017). Implications of rising temperatures for gametophyte performance of two kelp species from Arctic waters. BOTANICA MARINA, 60(1), 39–48.
Vancouver
1.
Park J, Kim JK, Kong J-A, Depuydt S, Brown MT, Han T. Implications of rising temperatures for gametophyte performance of two kelp species from Arctic waters. BOTANICA MARINA. 2017;60(1):39–48.
MLA
Park, Jihae et al. “Implications of Rising Temperatures for Gametophyte Performance of Two Kelp Species from Arctic Waters.” BOTANICA MARINA 60.1 (2017): 39–48. Print.
@article{8547372,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to determine the temperature effects on photosynthesis, growth and reproduction in gametophytes of Alaria esculenta (Linnaeus) Greville and Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) C. E. Lane, C. Mayes, Druehl et G. W. Saunders from the Artic waters. After 24 days of culture, no gametophytes of either species survived at 20 degrees C. Most growth parameters were greater at 10-15 degrees C than at 5 degrees C. Length and width were similar for both species, but area was greater for A. esculenta and cell number was greater for S. latissima. Female gametophytes were larger than male gametophytes in width and area, but the opposite was observed in cell number. In A. esculenta, but not for S. latissima, the percentage of female gametophytes decreased with increasing temperature. Alaria esculenta female gametophytes produced more sporophytes at 5 degrees C than at 10 degrees C, with no sporophytes at 15 degrees C. In S. latissima, all female gametophytes produced sporophytes at both 5 degrees C and 10 degrees C, with a small percentage of sporophytes at 15 degrees C. Saccharina latissima still had a measurable F v/F m at 20 degrees C, while the F v/F m of A. esculenta was zero at this temperature. Maximum relative electron transport rate (rETR(max)) and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) were constant in the male and female gametophytes of A. esculenta and the male gametophytes of S. latissima at temperatures between 5 degrees C and 15 degrees C. Photosynthesis was saturated at a higher irradiance in A. esculenta than in S. latissima.},
  author       = {Park, Jihae and Kim, Jang K and Kong, Jeong-Ae and Depuydt, Stephen and Brown, Murray T and Han, Taejun},
  issn         = {0006-8055},
  journal      = {BOTANICA MARINA},
  keywords     = {Alaria esculenta,Arctic,climate warming,Saccharina latissima,temperature,LAMINARIA-SACCHARINA PHAEOPHYTA,UV-RADIATION,MACROCYSTIS-PYRIFERA,DELAYED DEVELOPMENT,YOUNG SPOROPHYTES,LIGHT,SEAWEEDS,GROWTH,PHOTOSYNTHESIS,POLAR},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {39--48},
  title        = {Implications of rising temperatures for gametophyte performance of two kelp species from Arctic waters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bot-2016-0103},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2017},
}

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