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Rapid and irreversible sorption behavior of 7Be assessed to evaluate its use as a catchment sediment tracer

Nick Ryken (UGent) , Bashar Al-Barri (UGent) , W Blake, A Taylor, Filip Tack (UGent) , Eric Van Ranst (UGent) , Samuel Bodé (UGent) , Pascal Boeckx (UGent) and Ann Verdoodt (UGent)
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Abstract
Beryllium-7 (Be-7) has been used as a sediment tracer to evaluate soil redistribution rates at hillslopes and as a tool to estimate sediment residence time in river systems. A key assumption for the use of Be-7 as a sediment tracer is the rapid and irreversible sorption of Be-7 upon contact with the soil particles. However, recent studies have raised questions about the validity of these assumptions. Seven soil types were selected to assess the adsorption rate of Be-7 on the soil particles, subsequently an extraction experiment was performed to assess the rate of desorption. Next, different treatments were applied to assess the impact of soil pH, fertilizer, humic acid and organic matter on the adsorption of Be. Finally, the influence of regularly occurring cations present on the soil complex on the adsorption of Be on pure clay minerals was evaluated. The adsorption rate experiment showed a rapid and nearly complete sorption of Be for Luvisols and Cambisols under agriculture. For a temperate climate Stagnosol under forest and two highly weathered tropical Ferralsols sorption of Be was less rapid and less complete. This may result in an incomplete adsorption of Be-7 on these three soils when runoff initiates, which could lead to an overestimation of erosion rates and sediment residence time. Additional observations were made during the extraction experiment, showing a significant loss of Be from the forest Stagnosol and a stable binding of Be to the arable soils. Of the different treatments applied, only pH showed to be of influence. Finally, Ca2+ and NH4+ on the soil complex had only a limited effect on the adsorption of Be, while Al3+ in combination with a low pH inhibits the adsorption of Be on the exchange complex of the pure clay minerals. All these findings more rigorously support the use of Be-7 as a soil redistribution tracer in arable soils in a temperate climate at a hillslope scale. The use of Be-7 in highly weathered Ferralsols or forest rich environments should be limited to avoid overestimations of erosion rates. The spatially extended use of 7Be to evaluate residence times of sediments should be avoided in catchments with rapid changing environmental parameters as they might influence the sorption behavior of Be-7.
Keywords
FALLOUT RADIONUCLIDE TRACERS, ORGANIC-MATTER, SOIL-EROSION, COMPETITIVE ADSORPTION, METEORIC BE-10, HEAVY-METALS, BERYLLIUM-7, CS-137, PB-210, ACID

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Chicago
Ryken, Nick, Bashar Al-Barri, W Blake, A Taylor, Filip Tack, Eric Van Ranst, Samuel Bodé, Pascal Boeckx, and Ann Verdoodt. 2018. “Rapid and Irreversible Sorption Behavior of 7Be Assessed to Evaluate Its Use as a Catchment Sediment Tracer.” Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 182: 108–116.
APA
Ryken, Nick, Al-Barri, B., Blake, W., Taylor, A., Tack, F., Van Ranst, E., Bodé, S., et al. (2018). Rapid and irreversible sorption behavior of 7Be assessed to evaluate its use as a catchment sediment tracer. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY, 182, 108–116.
Vancouver
1.
Ryken N, Al-Barri B, Blake W, Taylor A, Tack F, Van Ranst E, et al. Rapid and irreversible sorption behavior of 7Be assessed to evaluate its use as a catchment sediment tracer. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY. 2018;182:108–16.
MLA
Ryken, Nick, Bashar Al-Barri, W Blake, et al. “Rapid and Irreversible Sorption Behavior of 7Be Assessed to Evaluate Its Use as a Catchment Sediment Tracer.” JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY 182 (2018): 108–116. Print.
@article{8546777,
  abstract     = {Beryllium-7 (Be-7) has been used as a sediment tracer to evaluate soil redistribution rates at hillslopes and as a tool to estimate sediment residence time in river systems. A key assumption for the use of Be-7 as a sediment tracer is the rapid and irreversible sorption of Be-7 upon contact with the soil particles. However, recent studies have raised questions about the validity of these assumptions. Seven soil types were selected to assess the adsorption rate of Be-7 on the soil particles, subsequently an extraction experiment was performed to assess the rate of desorption. Next, different treatments were applied to assess the impact of soil pH, fertilizer, humic acid and organic matter on the adsorption of Be. Finally, the influence of regularly occurring cations present on the soil complex on the adsorption of Be on pure clay minerals was evaluated. The adsorption rate experiment showed a rapid and nearly complete sorption of Be for Luvisols and Cambisols under agriculture. For a temperate climate Stagnosol under forest and two highly weathered tropical Ferralsols sorption of Be was less rapid and less complete. This may result in an incomplete adsorption of Be-7 on these three soils when runoff initiates, which could lead to an overestimation of erosion rates and sediment residence time. Additional observations were made during the extraction experiment, showing a significant loss of Be from the forest Stagnosol and a stable binding of Be to the arable soils. Of the different treatments applied, only pH showed to be of influence. Finally, Ca2+ and NH4+ on the soil complex had only a limited effect on the adsorption of Be, while Al3+ in combination with a low pH inhibits the adsorption of Be on the exchange complex of the pure clay minerals. All these findings more rigorously support the use of Be-7 as a soil redistribution tracer in arable soils in a temperate climate at a hillslope scale. The use of Be-7 in highly weathered Ferralsols or forest rich environments should be limited to avoid overestimations of erosion rates. The spatially extended use of 7Be to evaluate residence times of sediments should be avoided in catchments with rapid changing environmental parameters as they might influence the sorption behavior of Be-7.},
  author       = {Ryken, Nick and Al-Barri, Bashar and Blake, W and Taylor, A and Tack, Filip and Van Ranst, Eric and Bod{\'e}, Samuel and Boeckx, Pascal and Verdoodt, Ann},
  issn         = {0265-931X},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RADIOACTIVITY},
  keyword      = {FALLOUT RADIONUCLIDE TRACERS,ORGANIC-MATTER,SOIL-EROSION,COMPETITIVE ADSORPTION,METEORIC BE-10,HEAVY-METALS,BERYLLIUM-7,CS-137,PB-210,ACID},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {108--116},
  title        = {Rapid and irreversible sorption behavior of 7Be assessed to evaluate its use as a catchment sediment tracer},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.11.018},
  volume       = {182},
  year         = {2018},
}

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