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Field storage conditions for cattle manure to limit nitrogen losses and optimise fertiliser value

(2017) ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE. 57(10). p.2148-2166
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Abstract
Storage and application of cattle farmyard manure (CFM) can cause considerable environmental problems through nutrient losses to soil, water and air, if not properly handled. We investigated different storage conditions of CFM at field scale to reduce nitrogen (N) losses to the soil, meanwhile optimising the agronomical quality of the CFM. The treatments differed in terms of storage method (stockpiling, extensive composting or co-composting with bulking agents) and coverage (no cover, plastic or geotextile cover). Over the different treatments, the ammonium-N concentrations under the piles in the 0-90 cm soil layer amounted to a maximum of 4.2% of the initial manure N content. We were able to assess the relative importance of each of the two processes resulting in a higher mineral N concentration under the piles, i.e. direct leaching from the CFM to the soil on the one hand, and a smaller indirect effect of elevated soil temperatures (up to 37 degrees C) under the piles resulting in higher N mineralisation in the top soil on the other hand. NH4+-N was the most important component of mineral N under all heaps due to limited oxygen diffusion to the soil. N leaching and end-product quality were affected by a combination of treatment option (i.e. storage and cover) and initial manure characteristics. When CFM was characterised by a low volumetric moisture content and high C : N ratio, so in case of straw-rich CFM or CFM with added bulking agents, composting led to the least N leaching and most stable end product. When CFM was characterised by a high volumetric moisture content and low C : N ratio, stockpiling and covering (plastic or geotextile) resulted in lower N leaching to the soil. Stockpiling and covering the CFM with a geotextile resulted in a more stable end product than did covering with a plastic.
Keywords
anaerobic storage, composting, N leaching, soil N mineralisation, ORGANIC-MATTER, COMPOSTING PROCESS, EMISSIONS, CARBON, SOIL, NUTRIENT, HEAPS, MASS

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Viaene, Jarinda et al. “Field Storage Conditions for Cattle Manure to Limit Nitrogen Losses and Optimise Fertiliser Value.” ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE 57.10 (2017): 2148–2166. Print.
APA
Viaene, Jarinda, Nelissen, V., Vandecasteele, B., Willekens, K., De Neve, S., & Reubens, B. (2017). Field storage conditions for cattle manure to limit nitrogen losses and optimise fertiliser value. ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE, 57(10), 2148–2166.
Chicago author-date
Viaene, Jarinda, V Nelissen, B Vandecasteele, K Willekens, Stefaan De Neve, and B Reubens. 2017. “Field Storage Conditions for Cattle Manure to Limit Nitrogen Losses and Optimise Fertiliser Value.” Animal Production Science 57 (10): 2148–2166.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Viaene, Jarinda, V Nelissen, B Vandecasteele, K Willekens, Stefaan De Neve, and B Reubens. 2017. “Field Storage Conditions for Cattle Manure to Limit Nitrogen Losses and Optimise Fertiliser Value.” Animal Production Science 57 (10): 2148–2166.
Vancouver
1.
Viaene J, Nelissen V, Vandecasteele B, Willekens K, De Neve S, Reubens B. Field storage conditions for cattle manure to limit nitrogen losses and optimise fertiliser value. ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE. 2017;57(10):2148–66.
IEEE
[1]
J. Viaene, V. Nelissen, B. Vandecasteele, K. Willekens, S. De Neve, and B. Reubens, “Field storage conditions for cattle manure to limit nitrogen losses and optimise fertiliser value,” ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 2148–2166, 2017.
@article{8545806,
  abstract     = {Storage and application of cattle farmyard manure (CFM) can cause considerable environmental problems through nutrient losses to soil, water and air, if not properly handled. We investigated different storage conditions of CFM at field scale to reduce nitrogen (N) losses to the soil, meanwhile optimising the agronomical quality of the CFM. The treatments differed in terms of storage method (stockpiling, extensive composting or co-composting with bulking agents) and coverage (no cover, plastic or geotextile cover). Over the different treatments, the ammonium-N concentrations under the piles in the 0-90 cm soil layer amounted to a maximum of 4.2% of the initial manure N content. We were able to assess the relative importance of each of the two processes resulting in a higher mineral N concentration under the piles, i.e. direct leaching from the CFM to the soil on the one hand, and a smaller indirect effect of elevated soil temperatures (up to 37 degrees C) under the piles resulting in higher N mineralisation in the top soil on the other hand. NH4+-N was the most important component of mineral N under all heaps due to limited oxygen diffusion to the soil. N leaching and end-product quality were affected by a combination of treatment option (i.e. storage and cover) and initial manure characteristics. When CFM was characterised by a low volumetric moisture content and high C : N ratio, so in case of straw-rich CFM or CFM with added bulking agents, composting led to the least N leaching and most stable end product. When CFM was characterised by a high volumetric moisture content and low C : N ratio, stockpiling and covering (plastic or geotextile) resulted in lower N leaching to the soil. Stockpiling and covering the CFM with a geotextile resulted in a more stable end product than did covering with a plastic.},
  author       = {Viaene, Jarinda and Nelissen, V and Vandecasteele, B and Willekens, K and De Neve, Stefaan and Reubens, B},
  issn         = {1836-0939},
  journal      = {ANIMAL PRODUCTION SCIENCE},
  keywords     = {anaerobic storage,composting,N leaching,soil N mineralisation,ORGANIC-MATTER,COMPOSTING PROCESS,EMISSIONS,CARBON,SOIL,NUTRIENT,HEAPS,MASS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {2148--2166},
  title        = {Field storage conditions for cattle manure to limit nitrogen losses and optimise fertiliser value},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/an16170},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2017},
}

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