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Definition and recommendations for advance care planning : an international consensus supported by the European Association for Palliative Care

(2017) LANCET ONCOLOGY. 18(9). p.e543-e551
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Abstract
Advance care planning (ACP) is increasingly implemented in oncology and beyond, but a definition of ACP and recommendations concerning its use are lacking. We used a formal Delphi consensus process to help develop a definition of ACP and provide recommendations for its application. Of the 109 experts (82 from Europe, 16 from North America, and 11 from Australia) who rated the ACP definitions and its 41 recommendations, agreement for each definition or recommendation was between 68-100%. ACP was defined as the ability to enable individuals to define goals and preferences for future medical treatment and care, to discuss these goals and preferences with family and health-care providers, and to record and review these preferences if appropriate. Recommendations included the adaptation of ACP based on the readiness of the individual; targeting ACP content as the individual's health condition worsens; and, using trained non-physician facilitators to support the ACP process. We present a list of outcome measures to enable the pooling and comparison of results of ACP studies. We believe that our recommendations can provide guidance for clinical practice, ACP policy, and research.
Keywords
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENT, TERMINALLY-ILL PATIENTS, DECISION-MAKING, COMMUNICATION-SKILLS, NURSING-HOMES, OLDER-PEOPLE, PHYSICIAN ORDERS, SERIOUS ILLNESS, BAD-NEWS

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Citation

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Chicago
Rietjens, Judith AC, Rebecca L Sudore, Michael Connolly, Johannes J van Delden, Margaret A Drickamer, Mirjam Droger, Agnes van der Heide, et al. 2017. “Definition and Recommendations for Advance Care Planning : an International Consensus Supported by the European Association for Palliative Care.” Lancet Oncology 18 (9): e543–e551.
APA
Rietjens, J. A., Sudore, R. L., Connolly, M., van Delden, J. J., Drickamer, M. A., Droger, M., van der Heide, A., et al. (2017). Definition and recommendations for advance care planning : an international consensus supported by the European Association for Palliative Care. LANCET ONCOLOGY, 18(9), e543–e551.
Vancouver
1.
Rietjens JA, Sudore RL, Connolly M, van Delden JJ, Drickamer MA, Droger M, et al. Definition and recommendations for advance care planning : an international consensus supported by the European Association for Palliative Care. LANCET ONCOLOGY. 2017;18(9):e543–e551.
MLA
Rietjens, Judith AC, Rebecca L Sudore, Michael Connolly, et al. “Definition and Recommendations for Advance Care Planning : an International Consensus Supported by the European Association for Palliative Care.” LANCET ONCOLOGY 18.9 (2017): e543–e551. Print.
@article{8545758,
  abstract     = {Advance care planning (ACP) is increasingly implemented in oncology and beyond, but a definition of ACP and recommendations concerning its use are lacking. We used a formal Delphi consensus process to help develop a definition of ACP and provide recommendations for its application. Of the 109 experts (82 from Europe, 16 from North America, and 11 from Australia) who rated the ACP definitions and its 41 recommendations, agreement for each definition or recommendation was between 68-100\%. ACP was defined as the ability to enable individuals to define goals and preferences for future medical treatment and care, to discuss these goals and preferences with family and health-care providers, and to record and review these preferences if appropriate. Recommendations included the adaptation of ACP based on the readiness of the individual; targeting ACP content as the individual's health condition worsens; and, using trained non-physician facilitators to support the ACP process. We present a list of outcome measures to enable the pooling and comparison of results of ACP studies. We believe that our recommendations can provide guidance for clinical practice, ACP policy, and research.},
  author       = {Rietjens, Judith AC and Sudore, Rebecca L and Connolly, Michael and van Delden, Johannes J and Drickamer, Margaret A and Droger, Mirjam and van der Heide, Agnes and Heyland, Daren K and Houttekier, Dirk and Janssen, Daisy JA and Orsi, Luciano and Payne, Sheila and Seymour, Jane and Jox, Ralf J and Korfage, Ida J},
  issn         = {1470-2045},
  journal      = {LANCET ONCOLOGY},
  keyword      = {RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL,LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENT,TERMINALLY-ILL PATIENTS,DECISION-MAKING,COMMUNICATION-SKILLS,NURSING-HOMES,OLDER-PEOPLE,PHYSICIAN ORDERS,SERIOUS ILLNESS,BAD-NEWS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {e543--e551},
  title        = {Definition and recommendations for advance care planning : an international consensus supported by the European Association for Palliative Care},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1470-2045(17)30582-x},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2017},
}

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