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Trade-offs in multi-purpose land use under land degradation

(2017) SUSTAINABILITY. 9(12).
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Abstract
Land provides a host of ecosystem services, of which the provisioning services are often considered paramount. As the demand for agricultural products multiplies, other ecosystem services are being degraded or lost entirely. Finding a sustainable trade-off between food production and one or more of other ecosystem services, given the variety of stakeholders, is a matter of optimizing land use in a dynamic and complex socio-ecological system. Land degradation reduces our options to meet both food demands and environmental needs. In order to illustrate this trade-off dilemma, four representative services, carbon sinks, water storage, biodiversity, and space for urbanization, are discussed here based on a review of contemporary literature that cuts across the domain of ecosystem services that are provided by land. Agricultural research will have to expand its focus from the field to the landscape level and in the process examine the cost of production that internalizes environmental costs. In some situations, the public cost of agriculture in marginal environments outweighs the private gains, even with the best technologies in place. Land use and city planners will increasingly have to address the cost of occupying productive agricultural land or the conversion of natural habitats. Landscape designs and urban planning should aim for the preservation of agricultural land and the integrated management of land resources by closing water and nutrient cycles, and by restoring biodiversity.
Keywords
SOIL CARBON SEQUESTRATION, FOOD SECURITY, CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, WATER SECURITY, CLIMATE-CHANGE, REGIME SHIFTS, BIODIVERSITY, MANAGEMENT, RESILIENCE, agricultural land conversion, biodiversity, ecosystem services, integrated land and water resource management (ILWM), urbanization

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Citation

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MLA
Vlek, Paul LG, Asia Khamzina, Hossein Azadi, et al. “Trade-offs in Multi-purpose Land Use Under Land Degradation.” SUSTAINABILITY 9.12 (2017): n. pag. Print.
APA
Vlek, P. L., Khamzina, A., Azadi, H., Bhaduri, A., Bharati, L., Braimoh, A., Martius, C., et al. (2017). Trade-offs in multi-purpose land use under land degradation. SUSTAINABILITY, 9(12).
Chicago author-date
Vlek, Paul LG, Asia Khamzina, Hossein Azadi, Anik Bhaduri, Luna Bharati, Ademola Braimoh, Christopher Martius, Terry Sunderland, and Fatemeh Taheri. 2017. “Trade-offs in Multi-purpose Land Use Under Land Degradation.” Sustainability 9 (12).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vlek, Paul LG, Asia Khamzina, Hossein Azadi, Anik Bhaduri, Luna Bharati, Ademola Braimoh, Christopher Martius, Terry Sunderland, and Fatemeh Taheri. 2017. “Trade-offs in Multi-purpose Land Use Under Land Degradation.” Sustainability 9 (12).
Vancouver
1.
Vlek PL, Khamzina A, Azadi H, Bhaduri A, Bharati L, Braimoh A, et al. Trade-offs in multi-purpose land use under land degradation. SUSTAINABILITY. 2017;9(12).
IEEE
[1]
P. L. Vlek et al., “Trade-offs in multi-purpose land use under land degradation,” SUSTAINABILITY, vol. 9, no. 12, 2017.
@article{8545580,
  abstract     = {Land provides a host of ecosystem services, of which the provisioning services are often considered paramount. As the demand for agricultural products multiplies, other ecosystem services are being degraded or lost entirely. Finding a sustainable trade-off between food production and one or more of other ecosystem services, given the variety of stakeholders, is a matter of optimizing land use in a dynamic and complex socio-ecological system. Land degradation reduces our options to meet both food demands and environmental needs. In order to illustrate this trade-off dilemma, four representative services, carbon sinks, water storage, biodiversity, and space for urbanization, are discussed here based on a review of contemporary literature that cuts across the domain of ecosystem services that are provided by land. Agricultural research will have to expand its focus from the field to the landscape level and in the process examine the cost of production that internalizes environmental costs. In some situations, the public cost of agriculture in marginal environments outweighs the private gains, even with the best technologies in place. Land use and city planners will increasingly have to address the cost of occupying productive agricultural land or the conversion of natural habitats. Landscape designs and urban planning should aim for the preservation of agricultural land and the integrated management of land resources by closing water and nutrient cycles, and by restoring biodiversity.},
  articleno    = {2196},
  author       = {Vlek, Paul LG and Khamzina, Asia and Azadi, Hossein and Bhaduri, Anik and Bharati, Luna and Braimoh, Ademola and Martius, Christopher and Sunderland, Terry and Taheri, Fatemeh},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  journal      = {SUSTAINABILITY},
  keywords     = {SOIL CARBON SEQUESTRATION,FOOD SECURITY,CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE,SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT,WATER SECURITY,CLIMATE-CHANGE,REGIME SHIFTS,BIODIVERSITY,MANAGEMENT,RESILIENCE,agricultural land conversion,biodiversity,ecosystem services,integrated land and water resource management (ILWM),urbanization},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {19},
  title        = {Trade-offs in multi-purpose land use under land degradation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9122196},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2017},
}

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