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New trends in Olefin production

Ismaël Amghizar (UGent) , Laurien Vandewalle (UGent) , Kevin Van Geem (UGent) and Guy Marin (UGent)
(2018) ENGINEERING. 3(2). p.171-178
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Abstract
Most olefins (e.g., ethylene and propylene) will continue to be produced through steam cracking (SC) of hydrocarbons in the coming decade. In an uncertain commodity market, the chemical industry is investing very little in alternative technologies and feedstocks because of their current lack of economic viability, despite decreasing crude oil reserves and the recognition of global warming. In this perspective, some of the most promising alternatives are compared with the conventional SC process, and the major bottlenecks of each of the competing processes are highlighted. These technologies emerge especially from the abundance of cheap propane, ethane, and methane from shale gas and stranded gas. From an economic point of view, methane is an interesting starting material, if chemicals can be produced from it. The huge availability of crude oil and the expected substantial decline in the demand for fuels imply that the future for proven technologies such as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) or methanol to gasoline is not bright. The abundance of cheap ethane and the large availability of crude oil, on the other hand, have caused the SC industry to shift to these two extremes, making room for the on-purpose production of light olefins, such as by the catalytic dehydrogenation of propane.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Amghizar, Ismaël, Laurien Vandewalle, Kevin Van Geem, and Guy Marin. 2018. “New Trends in Olefin Production.” Engineering 3 (2): 171–178.
APA
Amghizar, I., Vandewalle, L., Van Geem, K., & Marin, G. (2018). New trends in Olefin production. ENGINEERING, 3(2), 171–178.
Vancouver
1.
Amghizar I, Vandewalle L, Van Geem K, Marin G. New trends in Olefin production. ENGINEERING. 2018;3(2):171–8.
MLA
Amghizar, Ismaël, Laurien Vandewalle, Kevin Van Geem, et al. “New Trends in Olefin Production.” ENGINEERING 3.2 (2018): 171–178. Print.
@article{8545141,
  abstract     = {Most olefins (e.g., ethylene and propylene) will continue to be produced through steam cracking (SC) of
hydrocarbons in the coming decade. In an uncertain commodity market, the chemical industry is investing very little in alternative technologies and feedstocks because of their current lack of economic viability, despite decreasing crude oil reserves and the recognition of global warming. In this perspective, some of the most promising alternatives are compared with the conventional SC process, and the major bottlenecks of each of the competing processes are highlighted. These technologies emerge especially from the abundance of cheap propane, ethane, and methane from shale gas and stranded gas. From an economic point of view, methane is an interesting starting material, if chemicals can be produced from it. The huge availability of crude oil and the expected substantial decline in the demand for fuels imply that the future for proven technologies such as Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) or methanol to gasoline is not bright. The abundance of cheap ethane and the large availability of crude oil, on the other hand, have caused the SC industry to shift to these two extremes, making room for the on-purpose production of light olefins, such as by the catalytic dehydrogenation of propane.},
  author       = {Amghizar, Isma{\"e}l and Vandewalle, Laurien and Van Geem, Kevin and Marin, Guy},
  issn         = {2095-8099 },
  journal      = {ENGINEERING},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {171--178},
  title        = {New trends in Olefin production},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.ENG.2017.02.006},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2018},
}

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