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Effect of exposed surface area, volume and environmental pH on the calcium ion release of three commercially available tricalcium silicate based dental cements

Sivaprakash Rajasekharan (UGent) , Chris Vercruysse (UGent) , Luc Martens (UGent) and Ronald Verbeeck (UGent)
(2018) MATERIALS. 11(1).
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Abstract
Tricalcium silicate cements (TSC) are used in dental traumatology and endodontics for their bioactivity which is mostly attributed to formation of calcium hydroxide during TSC hydration and its subsequent release of calcium and hydroxide ions. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of volume (Vol), exposed surface area (ESA) and pH of surrounding medium on calcium ion release. Three commercially available hydraulic alkaline dental cements were mixed and condensed into cylindrical tubes of varying length and diameter (n = 6/group). For the effect of ESA and Vol, tubes were immersed in 10 mL of deionized water. To analyze the effect of environmental pH, the tubes were randomly immersed in 10 mL of buffer solutions with varying pH (10.4, 7.4 or 4.4). The solutions were collected and renewed at various time intervals. pH and/or calcium ion release was measured using a pH glass electrode and atomic absorption spectrophotometer respectively. The change of pH, short-term calcium ion release and rate at which calcium ion release reaches maximum were dependent on ESA (p < 0.05) while maximum calcium ion release was dependent on Vol of TSC (p < 0.05). Maximum calcium ion release was significantly higher in acidic solution followed by neutral and alkaline solution (p < 0.05).
Keywords
tricalcium silicate cement, Biodentine, MTA, pH, calcium ion release, MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE, END FILLING MATERIALS, WHITE PORTLAND-CEMENT, OUT BOND STRENGTH, ROOT-CANAL SEALER, IN-VITRO, CLINICAL-APPLICATIONS, ENDODONTIC MATERIALS, ALKALINE PH, PULP CELLS

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Chicago
Rajasekharan, Sivaprakash, Chris Vercruysse, Luc Martens, and Ronald Verbeeck. 2018. “Effect of Exposed Surface Area, Volume and Environmental pH on the Calcium Ion Release of Three Commercially Available Tricalcium Silicate Based Dental Cements.” Materials 11 (1).
APA
Rajasekharan, Sivaprakash, Vercruysse, C., Martens, L., & Verbeeck, R. (2018). Effect of exposed surface area, volume and environmental pH on the calcium ion release of three commercially available tricalcium silicate based dental cements. MATERIALS, 11(1).
Vancouver
1.
Rajasekharan S, Vercruysse C, Martens L, Verbeeck R. Effect of exposed surface area, volume and environmental pH on the calcium ion release of three commercially available tricalcium silicate based dental cements. MATERIALS. 2018;11(1).
MLA
Rajasekharan, Sivaprakash, Chris Vercruysse, Luc Martens, et al. “Effect of Exposed Surface Area, Volume and Environmental pH on the Calcium Ion Release of Three Commercially Available Tricalcium Silicate Based Dental Cements.” MATERIALS 11.1 (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8545062,
  abstract     = {Tricalcium silicate cements (TSC) are used in dental traumatology and endodontics for their bioactivity which is mostly attributed to formation of calcium hydroxide during TSC hydration and its subsequent release of calcium and hydroxide ions. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of volume (Vol), exposed surface area (ESA) and pH of surrounding medium on calcium ion release. Three commercially available hydraulic alkaline dental cements were mixed and condensed into cylindrical tubes of varying length and diameter (n = 6/group). For the effect of ESA and Vol, tubes were immersed in 10 mL of deionized water. To analyze the effect of environmental pH, the tubes were randomly immersed in 10 mL of buffer solutions with varying pH (10.4, 7.4 or 4.4). The solutions were collected and renewed at various time intervals. pH and/or calcium ion release was measured using a pH glass electrode and atomic absorption spectrophotometer respectively. The change of pH, short-term calcium ion release and rate at which calcium ion release reaches maximum were dependent on ESA (p {\textlangle} 0.05) while maximum calcium ion release was dependent on Vol of TSC (p {\textlangle} 0.05). Maximum calcium ion release was significantly higher in acidic solution followed by neutral and alkaline solution (p {\textlangle} 0.05).},
  articleno    = {123},
  author       = {Rajasekharan, Sivaprakash and Vercruysse, Chris and Martens, Luc and Verbeeck, Ronald},
  issn         = {1996-1944},
  journal      = {MATERIALS},
  keyword      = {tricalcium silicate cement,Biodentine,MTA,pH,calcium ion release,MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE,END FILLING MATERIALS,WHITE PORTLAND-CEMENT,OUT BOND STRENGTH,ROOT-CANAL SEALER,IN-VITRO,CLINICAL-APPLICATIONS,ENDODONTIC MATERIALS,ALKALINE PH,PULP CELLS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {Effect of exposed surface area, volume and environmental pH on the calcium ion release of three commercially available tricalcium silicate based dental cements},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma11010123},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2018},
}

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