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Nuclear shapes : from earliest ideas to multiple shape coexisting structures

Kristiaan Heyde UGent and JL Wood (2016) PHYSICA SCRIPTA. 91(8).
abstract
The concept of the atomic nucleus being characterized by an intrinsic property such as shape came as a result of high precision hyperfine studies in the field of atomic physics, which indicated a non-spherical nuclear charge distribution. Herein, we describe the various steps taken through ingenious experimentation and bold theoretical suggestions that mapped the way for later work in the early 50s by Aage Bohr, Ben Mottelson and James Rainwater. We lay out a long and winding road that marked, in the period of 50s to 70s, the way shell-model and collective-model concepts were reconciled. A rapid increase in both accelerator and detection methods (70s towards the early 2000s) opened new vistas into nuclear shapes, and their coexistence, in various regions of the nuclear mass table. Next, we outline a possible unified view of nuclear shapes: emphasizing decisive steps taken as well as questions remaining, next to the theoretical efforts that could result in an emerging understanding of nuclear shapes, building on the nucleus considered as a strongly interacting system of nucleons as the microscopic starting point.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
SHELL-MODEL, QUADRUPOLE-MOMENTS, ATOMIC-NUCLEI, MIXED CONFIGURATIONS, HYPERFINE-STRUCTURE, ROTATIONAL MOTION, COLLECTIVE MOTION, COUPLING, SCHEMES, ALPHA-PARTICLES, DEFORMED SHAPES, nuclear structure, shape coexistence, experimental and theoretical, methods
journal title
PHYSICA SCRIPTA
Phys. Scr.
volume
91
issue
8
article number
083008
pages
14 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000384124500008
JCR category
PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
1.28 (2016)
JCR rank
40/79 (2016)
JCR quartile
3 (2016)
ISSN
0031-8949
1402-4896
DOI
10.1088/0031-8949/91/8/083008
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8544965
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8544965
date created
2018-01-15 13:51:23
date last changed
2018-02-12 14:21:46
@article{8544965,
  abstract     = {The concept of the atomic nucleus being characterized by an intrinsic property such as shape came as a result of high precision hyperfine studies in the field of atomic physics, which indicated a non-spherical nuclear charge distribution. Herein, we describe the various steps taken through ingenious experimentation and bold theoretical suggestions that mapped the way for later work in the early 50s by Aage Bohr, Ben Mottelson and James Rainwater. We lay out a long and winding road that marked, in the period of 50s to 70s, the way shell-model and collective-model concepts were reconciled. A rapid increase in both accelerator and detection methods (70s towards the early 2000s) opened new vistas into nuclear shapes, and their coexistence, in various regions of the nuclear mass table. Next, we outline a possible unified view of nuclear shapes: emphasizing decisive steps taken as well as questions remaining, next to the theoretical efforts that could result in an emerging understanding of nuclear shapes, building on the nucleus considered as a strongly interacting system of nucleons as the microscopic starting point.},
  articleno    = {083008},
  author       = {Heyde, Kristiaan and Wood, JL},
  issn         = {0031-8949},
  journal      = {PHYSICA SCRIPTA},
  keyword      = {SHELL-MODEL,QUADRUPOLE-MOMENTS,ATOMIC-NUCLEI,MIXED CONFIGURATIONS,HYPERFINE-STRUCTURE,ROTATIONAL MOTION,COLLECTIVE MOTION,COUPLING,SCHEMES,ALPHA-PARTICLES,DEFORMED SHAPES,nuclear structure,shape coexistence,experimental and theoretical,methods},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {Nuclear shapes : from earliest ideas to multiple shape coexisting structures},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/91/8/083008},
  volume       = {91},
  year         = {2016},
}

Chicago
Heyde, Kristiaan, and JL Wood. 2016. “Nuclear Shapes : from Earliest Ideas to Multiple Shape Coexisting Structures.” Physica Scripta 91 (8).
APA
Heyde, K., & Wood, J. (2016). Nuclear shapes : from earliest ideas to multiple shape coexisting structures. PHYSICA SCRIPTA, 91(8).
Vancouver
1.
Heyde K, Wood J. Nuclear shapes : from earliest ideas to multiple shape coexisting structures. PHYSICA SCRIPTA. 2016;91(8).
MLA
Heyde, Kristiaan, and JL Wood. “Nuclear Shapes : from Earliest Ideas to Multiple Shape Coexisting Structures.” PHYSICA SCRIPTA 91.8 (2016): n. pag. Print.