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Interoperability for industrial cyber-physical systems : an approach for legacy systems

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Abstract
Contemporary industrial systems are challenged by fast-growing requirements for agile and effective reactivity to rapidly changing market demands. To achieve this set of requirements, new technologies and paradigms like Internet-of-Things (IoT), Big Data Analytics, Internet-of-Services (IoS), and service-oriented architecture (SOA) are being introduced into the industrial environments. These advances result in the confluence of two dissimilar, but complementary domains: the physical operational technologies (OT) and the cyber information technologies (IT) domains. Convergence of these two domains in a cross-layer fashion implies a new set of two major requirements of components and systems: 1) structural connectivity and 2) functional interoperability. However, the wide variety and heterogeneity of industrial systems-especially in the factory floor-entails integration complexity, which is in contrast with the mentioned requirements. In this paper, we focus on how legacy industrial systems can migrate in a cost-effective manner to the new paradigm of integrated IT-OT levels. We propose an interoperability layer requiring no changes on the legacy device that maps field device data into an ISA95-based information model. The performance of our contributed open-source implementation is evaluated in several deployment configurations.
Keywords
IBCN, INTEGRATION, AUTOMATION, ARCHITECTURE, SOCRADES, SERVICE, Connectivity, industrial cyber-physical systems, information models, interoperability, ISA95, OPC UA

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Chicago
Givehchi, Omid, Klaus Landsdorf, Pieter Simoens, and Armando Walter Colombo. 2017. “Interoperability for Industrial Cyber-physical Systems : an Approach for Legacy Systems.” Ieee Transactions on Industrial Informatics 13 (6): 3370–3378.
APA
Givehchi, O., Landsdorf, K., Simoens, P., & Colombo, A. W. (2017). Interoperability for industrial cyber-physical systems : an approach for legacy systems. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS, 13(6), 3370–3378.
Vancouver
1.
Givehchi O, Landsdorf K, Simoens P, Colombo AW. Interoperability for industrial cyber-physical systems : an approach for legacy systems. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS. Piscataway: Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc; 2017;13(6):3370–8.
MLA
Givehchi, Omid et al. “Interoperability for Industrial Cyber-physical Systems : an Approach for Legacy Systems.” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS 13.6 (2017): 3370–3378. Print.
@article{8544309,
  abstract     = {Contemporary industrial systems are challenged by fast-growing requirements for agile and effective reactivity to rapidly changing market demands. To achieve this set of requirements, new technologies and paradigms like Internet-of-Things (IoT), Big Data Analytics, Internet-of-Services (IoS), and service-oriented architecture (SOA) are being introduced into the industrial environments. These advances result in the confluence of two dissimilar, but complementary domains: the physical operational technologies (OT) and the cyber information technologies (IT) domains. Convergence of these two domains in a cross-layer fashion implies a new set of two major requirements of components and systems: 1) structural connectivity and 2) functional interoperability. However, the wide variety and heterogeneity of industrial systems-especially in the factory floor-entails integration complexity, which is in contrast with the mentioned requirements. In this paper, we focus on how legacy industrial systems can migrate in a cost-effective manner to the new paradigm of integrated IT-OT levels. We propose an interoperability layer requiring no changes on the legacy device that maps field device data into an ISA95-based information model. The performance of our contributed open-source implementation is evaluated in several deployment configurations.},
  author       = {Givehchi, Omid and Landsdorf, Klaus and Simoens, Pieter and Colombo, Armando Walter},
  issn         = {1551-3203},
  journal      = {IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS},
  keywords     = {IBCN,INTEGRATION,AUTOMATION,ARCHITECTURE,SOCRADES,SERVICE,Connectivity,industrial cyber-physical systems,information models,interoperability,ISA95,OPC UA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {3370--3378},
  publisher    = {Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc},
  title        = {Interoperability for industrial cyber-physical systems : an approach for legacy systems},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TII.2017.2740434},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2017},
}

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