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Exploring the relation of spatial access to fast food outlets with body weight : a mediation analysis

(2019) ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR. 51(4). p.401-430
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Abstract
We examined explanatory pathways for the association between spatial access to fast food outlets and body weight in 5,076 European adults (18+). The total effect of spatial access to fast food outlets on self-reported weight status was examined using regression analyses accounting for clustering at the neighborhood level. Perceived availability and usage of fast food outlets, and fast food consumption, were considered as potential mediators and age, gender, socioeconomic status, and urban region as potential moderators. Spatial access to fast food outlets was not significantly related to weight status. Spatial access to fast food outlets was associated with perceptions about and usage of fast food outlets, and this was in turn associated with greater reported fast food consumption and unhealthier weight status. We found limited evidence for mediation effects and no evidence for effect modification.
Keywords
accessibility, fast food, food environment, mediation, obesity, NEIGHBORHOOD FAST-FOOD, SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES, ACTIVITY SPACES, VIRTUAL AUDIT, TAKEAWAY FOOD, MASS INDEX, ENVIRONMENT, AVAILABILITY, ASSOCIATIONS, CONSUMPTION

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MLA
Mackenbach, Joreintje D., et al. “Exploring the Relation of Spatial Access to Fast Food Outlets with Body Weight : A Mediation Analysis.” ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR, vol. 51, no. 4, 2019, pp. 401–30.
APA
Mackenbach, J. D., Charreire, H., Glonti, K., Bárdos, H., Rutter, H., Compernolle, S., … Lakerveld, J. (2019). Exploring the relation of spatial access to fast food outlets with body weight : a mediation analysis. ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR, 51(4), 401–430.
Chicago author-date
Mackenbach, Joreintje D, Hélène Charreire, Ketevan Glonti, Helga Bárdos, Harry Rutter, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, et al. 2019. “Exploring the Relation of Spatial Access to Fast Food Outlets with Body Weight : A Mediation Analysis.” ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR 51 (4): 401–30.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Mackenbach, Joreintje D, Hélène Charreire, Ketevan Glonti, Helga Bárdos, Harry Rutter, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Giel Nijpels, Johannes Brug, Jean-Michel Oppert, and Jeroen Lakerveld. 2019. “Exploring the Relation of Spatial Access to Fast Food Outlets with Body Weight : A Mediation Analysis.” ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR 51 (4): 401–430.
Vancouver
1.
Mackenbach JD, Charreire H, Glonti K, Bárdos H, Rutter H, Compernolle S, et al. Exploring the relation of spatial access to fast food outlets with body weight : a mediation analysis. ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR. 2019;51(4):401–30.
IEEE
[1]
J. D. Mackenbach et al., “Exploring the relation of spatial access to fast food outlets with body weight : a mediation analysis,” ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 401–430, 2019.
@article{8544269,
  abstract     = {We examined explanatory pathways for the association between spatial access to fast food outlets and body weight in 5,076 European adults (18+). The total effect of spatial access to fast food outlets on self-reported weight status was examined using regression analyses accounting for clustering at the neighborhood level. Perceived availability and usage of fast food outlets, and fast food consumption, were considered as potential mediators and age, gender, socioeconomic status, and urban region as potential moderators. Spatial access to fast food outlets was not significantly related to weight status. Spatial access to fast food outlets was associated with perceptions about and usage of fast food outlets, and this was in turn associated with greater reported fast food consumption and unhealthier weight status. We found limited evidence for mediation effects and no evidence for effect modification.},
  author       = {Mackenbach, Joreintje D and Charreire, Hélène and Glonti, Ketevan and Bárdos, Helga and Rutter, Harry and Compernolle, Sofie and De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Nijpels, Giel and Brug, Johannes and Oppert, Jean-Michel and Lakerveld, Jeroen},
  issn         = {0013-9165},
  journal      = {ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIOR},
  keywords     = {accessibility,fast food,food environment,mediation,obesity,NEIGHBORHOOD FAST-FOOD,SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES,ACTIVITY SPACES,VIRTUAL AUDIT,TAKEAWAY FOOD,MASS INDEX,ENVIRONMENT,AVAILABILITY,ASSOCIATIONS,CONSUMPTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {401--430},
  title        = {Exploring the relation of spatial access to fast food outlets with body weight : a mediation analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013916517749876},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2019},
}

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