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Clear to clear laser welding for joining thermoplastic polymers : a comparative study based on physicochemical characterization

Jens De Pelsmaeker, Geert-Jan Graulus UGent, Sandra Van Vlierberghe UGent, Hugo Thienpont UGent, Danny Van Hemelrijck, Peter Dubruel UGent and Heidi Ottevaere (2018) JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY.
abstract
The joining of materials is essential to many industrial applications used today. However, it still lacks a reliable and true single step method to join different types of materials including polymers. Laser welding was primarily employed for metals until some decades ago, but with the rise of high power solid state lasers, applications have emerged in the polymer field. With the recent addition of fiber lasers, true clear to clear welding, joining two of the same transparent polymer layers, has become feasible at a different wavelength range, which benefits the sealing of microfluidic devices. A number of research efforts were made at performing welds of thermoplastics at this wavelength range, however without attempts at offering elaborate explanation of the observations. In our work, a laser welding system using a Thulium fiber laser at 1940 nm was used to join a variety of thermoplasts, without the use of additives or prior processing. By optically and chemically characterizing the materials, a basis was established that links intrinsic material properties to observed welding performance, as determined by mechanical shear tests on the welded materials. We found that four of the ten considered thermoplastic polymers lend themselves to sufficiently strong bonding to allow the creation of leak-proof microfluidic devices by use of laser welding at this wavelength.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
in press
subject
keyword
Laser transmission welding, Thermoplastic polymers, Physicochemical characterization, Degradation, Shear test
journal title
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
J. Mater. Process. Technol.
ISSN
0924-0136
DOI
10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2017.12.011
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
additional info
the first two authors have an equal contribution
id
8543955
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8543955
date created
2018-01-06 14:53:36
date last changed
2018-01-29 10:06:41
@article{8543955,
  abstract     = {The joining of materials is essential to many industrial applications used today. However, it still lacks a reliable and true single step method to join different types of materials including polymers. Laser welding was primarily employed for metals until some decades ago, but with the rise of high power solid state lasers, applications have emerged in the polymer field. With the recent addition of fiber lasers, true clear to clear welding, joining two of the same transparent polymer layers, has become feasible at a different wavelength range, which benefits the sealing of microfluidic devices. A number of research efforts were made at performing welds of thermoplastics at this wavelength range, however without attempts at offering elaborate explanation of the observations. In our work, a laser welding system using a Thulium fiber laser at 1940 nm was used to join a variety of thermoplasts, without the use of additives or prior processing. By optically and chemically characterizing the materials, a basis was established that links intrinsic material properties to observed welding performance, as determined by mechanical shear tests on the welded materials. We found that four of the ten considered thermoplastic polymers lend themselves to sufficiently strong bonding to allow the creation of leak-proof microfluidic devices by use of laser welding at this wavelength.},
  author       = {De Pelsmaeker, Jens and Graulus, Geert-Jan and Van Vlierberghe, Sandra and Thienpont, Hugo and Van Hemelrijck, Danny and Dubruel, Peter and Ottevaere, Heidi},
  issn         = {0924-0136},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {Laser transmission welding,Thermoplastic polymers,Physicochemical characterization,Degradation,Shear test},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Clear to clear laser welding for joining thermoplastic polymers : a comparative study based on physicochemical characterization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2017.12.011},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
De Pelsmaeker, Jens, Geert-Jan Graulus, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, Hugo Thienpont, Danny Van Hemelrijck, Peter Dubruel, and Heidi Ottevaere. 2018. “Clear to Clear Laser Welding for Joining Thermoplastic Polymers : a Comparative Study Based on Physicochemical Characterization.” Journal of Materials Processing Technology.
APA
De Pelsmaeker, J., Graulus, G.-J., Van Vlierberghe, S., Thienpont, H., Van Hemelrijck, D., Dubruel, P., & Ottevaere, H. (2018). Clear to clear laser welding for joining thermoplastic polymers : a comparative study based on physicochemical characterization. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY.
Vancouver
1.
De Pelsmaeker J, Graulus G-J, Van Vlierberghe S, Thienpont H, Van Hemelrijck D, Dubruel P, et al. Clear to clear laser welding for joining thermoplastic polymers : a comparative study based on physicochemical characterization. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY. 2018;
MLA
De Pelsmaeker, Jens, Geert-Jan Graulus, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, et al. “Clear to Clear Laser Welding for Joining Thermoplastic Polymers : a Comparative Study Based on Physicochemical Characterization.” JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY (2018): n. pag. Print.