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The younger dryas and preboreal landscape in the Moervaart area (northwestern Belgium) and the apparent decrease in human occupation

Johanna Bos, Vanessa Gelorini, Thijs Van der Meeren UGent, Jolien Peleman, Mona Court-Picon, Hendrik Demiddele, Philippe De Smedt UGent, Mathieu Boudin, Jacques Verniers UGent, Pascal Boeckx UGent, et al. (2018) VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY .
abstract
This paper presents the results of multi-disciplinary research carried out on the deposits of a residual channel (“Peerdemeers”) of the Kale/Durme River in the Moervaart depression, NW Belgium. The combination of physical, botanical, zoological and chemical analyses allowed a detailed reconstruction of the channel ecosystem and the vegetation in the surrounding landscape during the Younger Dryas and Early Holocene. A chronology for the record was provided by radiocarbon dating. Vegetation patterns were influenced by major climate changes that occurred during this period. During the early Younger Dryas, the river channel was active and vegetation was open with scattered birch copses, shrubs, grasses and herbs. The channel was cut-off in the late Younger Dryas, while some heath developed in the area. The Friesland Phase is characterised by a lithological change and increase in water level in the residual channel. Dwarf birch disappeared and boreal forests developed. The area however, remained relatively open compared to other coversand areas in NW Europe. The Rammelbeek Phase is considered as a drier, more continental climate phase in which forest expansion was temporarily interrupted and grasslands became more abundant. Also at the “Peerdemeers” site an increase in grasses is recorded. During the entire period (ca. 1,000 years) there is no hard evidence for human activity. The absence of archaeological evidence is in sharp contrast with the preceding (Allerød) and succeeding periods (Boreal). This suggests that environmental conditions during the YD and PB were probably too unfavourable for hunter-gatherers to remain in the Moervaart area.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
in press
subject
journal title
VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY
ISSN
0939-6314
DOI
10.1007/s00334-017-0666-3
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
8543740
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-8543740
date created
2018-01-04 14:22:09
date last changed
2018-01-15 13:54:34
@article{8543740,
  abstract     = { This paper presents the results of multi-disciplinary research carried out on the deposits of a residual channel ({\textquotedblleft}Peerdemeers{\textquotedblright}) of the Kale/Durme River in the Moervaart depression, NW Belgium. The combination of physical, botanical, zoological and chemical analyses allowed a detailed reconstruction of the channel ecosystem and the vegetation in the surrounding landscape during the Younger Dryas and Early Holocene. A chronology for the record was provided by radiocarbon dating. Vegetation patterns were influenced by major climate changes that occurred during this period. During the early Younger Dryas, the river channel was active and vegetation was open with scattered birch copses, shrubs, grasses and herbs. The channel was cut-off in the late Younger Dryas, while some heath developed in the area. The Friesland Phase is characterised by a lithological change and increase in water level in the residual channel. Dwarf birch disappeared and boreal forests developed. The area however, remained relatively open compared to other coversand areas in NW Europe. The Rammelbeek Phase is considered as a drier, more continental climate phase in which forest expansion was temporarily interrupted and grasslands became more abundant. Also at the {\textquotedblleft}Peerdemeers{\textquotedblright} site an increase in grasses is recorded. During the entire period (ca. 1,000 years)
there is no hard evidence for human activity. The absence of archaeological evidence is in sharp contrast with the preceding (Aller{\o}d) and succeeding periods (Boreal). This suggests that environmental conditions during the YD and PB were probably too unfavourable for hunter-gatherers to remain in the Moervaart area.
},
  author       = {Bos, Johanna and Gelorini, Vanessa and Van der Meeren, Thijs and Peleman, Jolien and Court-Picon, Mona and Demiddele, Hendrik and De Smedt, Philippe and Boudin, Mathieu and Verniers, Jacques and Boeckx, Pascal and Cromb{\'e}, Philippe},
  issn         = {0939-6314},
  journal      = {VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY },
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {The younger dryas and preboreal landscape in the Moervaart area (northwestern Belgium) and the apparent decrease in human occupation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-017-0666-3},
  year         = {2018},
}

Chicago
Bos, Johanna, Vanessa Gelorini, Thijs Van der Meeren, Jolien Peleman, Mona Court-Picon, Hendrik Demiddele, Philippe De Smedt, et al. 2018. “The Younger Dryas and Preboreal Landscape in the Moervaart Area (northwestern Belgium) and the Apparent Decrease in Human Occupation.” Vegetation History and Archaeobotany .
APA
Bos, Johanna, Gelorini, V., Van der Meeren, T., Peleman, J., Court-Picon, M., Demiddele, H., De Smedt, P., et al. (2018). The younger dryas and preboreal landscape in the Moervaart area (northwestern Belgium) and the apparent decrease in human occupation. VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY .
Vancouver
1.
Bos J, Gelorini V, Van der Meeren T, Peleman J, Court-Picon M, Demiddele H, et al. The younger dryas and preboreal landscape in the Moervaart area (northwestern Belgium) and the apparent decrease in human occupation. VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY . 2018;
MLA
Bos, Johanna, Vanessa Gelorini, Thijs Van der Meeren, et al. “The Younger Dryas and Preboreal Landscape in the Moervaart Area (northwestern Belgium) and the Apparent Decrease in Human Occupation.” VEGETATION HISTORY AND ARCHAEOBOTANY (2018): n. pag. Print.