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Transhumance in the Tigray highlands (Ethiopia).

Jan Nyssen UGent, Katrien Descheemaeker, Amanuel Zenebe, Jean Poesen, Jozef Deckers and Mitiku Haile (2009) MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. 29(3). p.255-264
abstract
Transhumance, the seasonal movement of herds occurring between two points and following precise routes repeated each year, is practiced on a broad scale in the open field areas of Tigray (North Ethiopia). This article presents a characterization of the practice, factors that explain its magnitude, and recent changes. Eleven villages were selected randomly, semistructured interviews were conducted, and data on the sites were collected both in the field and from secondary sources. The transhumance destination zones are characterized as better endowed with water and fodder resources, essentially due to their great extent. The sample villages can be classified into three groups: annual transhumance (average one-way traveling distance 8.1 km), home range herding (average traveling distance 2.2 km), and keeping livestock near homesteads. Movements are basically induced by the fact that there is little to no space for livestock near the villages during the crop-growing period-not by the significantly different temperature or rainfall conditions in the grazing lands. Adults will only herd the flocks when the distance for transhumance is great or considered unsafe; otherwise, young boys tend the livestock for the entire summer rainy season. Faced with social (schooling) and technological (reservoir construction and establishment of exclosures) changes, transhumance in Tigray has adjusted in a highly adaptive way, with new routes being developed and others abandoned. Transhumance does not lead to major conflicts in the study area even when livestock are brought to areas that belong to other ethnic groups (Afar, Amhara).
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Home range herding, grazing grounds, grazing rights, livestock, oxen, rangeland, Ethiopia, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA, WATER CONSERVATION, LAND-USE, REGION, SOIL, VARIABILITY, NAMAQUALAND
journal title
MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Mt. Res. Dev.
volume
29
issue
3
pages
255 - 264
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000277423400007
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
0.575 (2009)
JCR rank
165/178 (2009)
JCR quartile
4 (2009)
ISSN
0276-4741
DOI
10.1659/mrd.00033
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
854326
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-854326
date created
2010-02-06 11:59:18
date last changed
2015-06-17 11:21:18
@article{854326,
  abstract     = {Transhumance, the seasonal movement of herds occurring between two points and following precise routes repeated each year, is practiced on a broad scale in the open field areas of Tigray (North Ethiopia). This article presents a characterization of the practice, factors that explain its magnitude, and recent changes. Eleven villages were selected randomly, semistructured interviews were conducted, and data on the sites were collected both in the field and from secondary sources. The transhumance destination zones are characterized as better endowed with water and fodder resources, essentially due to their great extent. The sample villages can be classified into three groups: annual transhumance (average one-way traveling distance 8.1 km), home range herding (average traveling distance 2.2 km), and keeping livestock near homesteads. Movements are basically induced by the fact that there is little to no space for livestock near the villages during the crop-growing period-not by the significantly different temperature or rainfall conditions in the grazing lands. Adults will only herd the flocks when the distance for transhumance is great or considered unsafe; otherwise, young boys tend the livestock for the entire summer rainy season. Faced with social (schooling) and technological (reservoir construction and establishment of exclosures) changes, transhumance in Tigray has adjusted in a highly adaptive way, with new routes being developed and others abandoned. Transhumance does not lead to major conflicts in the study area even when livestock are brought to areas that belong to other ethnic groups (Afar, Amhara).},
  author       = {Nyssen, Jan and Descheemaeker, Katrien and Zenebe, Amanuel  and Poesen, Jean and Deckers, Jozef and Haile, Mitiku },
  issn         = {0276-4741},
  journal      = {MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT},
  keyword      = {Home range herding,grazing grounds,grazing rights,livestock,oxen,rangeland,Ethiopia,NORTHERN ETHIOPIA,WATER CONSERVATION,LAND-USE,REGION,SOIL,VARIABILITY,NAMAQUALAND},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {255--264},
  title        = {Transhumance in the Tigray highlands (Ethiopia).},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1659/mrd.00033},
  volume       = {29},
  year         = {2009},
}

Chicago
Nyssen, Jan, Katrien Descheemaeker, Amanuel Zenebe, Jean Poesen, Jozef Deckers, and Mitiku Haile. 2009. “Transhumance in the Tigray Highlands (Ethiopia).” Mountain Research and Development 29 (3): 255–264.
APA
Nyssen, J., Descheemaeker, K., Zenebe, A., Poesen, J., Deckers, J., & Haile, M. (2009). Transhumance in the Tigray highlands (Ethiopia). MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, 29(3), 255–264.
Vancouver
1.
Nyssen J, Descheemaeker K, Zenebe A, Poesen J, Deckers J, Haile M. Transhumance in the Tigray highlands (Ethiopia). MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. 2009;29(3):255–64.
MLA
Nyssen, Jan, Katrien Descheemaeker, Amanuel Zenebe, et al. “Transhumance in the Tigray Highlands (Ethiopia).” MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 29.3 (2009): 255–264. Print.