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Measuring and modeling hydraulic lift of Lolium multiflorum using stable water isotopes

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Abstract
This study tested a method to quantify and locate hydraulic lift (HL, defined as the passive upward water flow from wetter to dryer soil zones through the plant root system) by combining an experiment using the stable water isotope H-1(2) O-18 as a tracer with a soil-plant water flow model. Our methodology consisted in (i) establishing the initial conditions for HL in a large rhizobox planted with Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), (ii) labeling water in the deepest soil layer with an O-18-enriched solution, (iii) monitoring the water O isotopic composition in soil layers to find out changes in the upper layers that would reflect redistribution of O-18-enriched water from the bottom layers by the roots, and (iv) comparing the observed soil water O isotopic composition to simulation results of a three-dimensional model of water flow and isotope transport in the soil-root system. Our main findings were that (i) the depth and strength of the observed changes in soil water O isotopic composition could be well reproduced with a modeling approach (RMSE = 0.2%, i.e.,equivalent to the precision of the isotopic measurements), (ii) the corresponding water volume involved in HL was estimated to account for 19% of the plant transpiration of the following day, i.e., 0.45 mm of water, and was in agreement with the observed soil water content changes, and (iii) the magnitude of the simulated HL was sensitive to both plant and soil hydraulic properties.
Keywords
NORTHWEST CONIFEROUS FORESTS, SOIL-WATER, SISPAT-ISOTOPE, ROOT SYSTEMS, PLANT-ROOTS, DEEP ROOTS, REDISTRIBUTION, DYNAMICS, TRANSPIRATION, ARCHITECTURE, cavelab

Citation

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MLA
Meunier, Félicien, et al. “Measuring and Modeling Hydraulic Lift of Lolium Multiflorum Using Stable Water Isotopes.” VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL, vol. 17, no. 1, 2018.
APA
Meunier, F., Rothfuss, Y., Bariac, T., Biron, P., Richard, P., Durand, J.-L., … Javaux, M. (2018). Measuring and modeling hydraulic lift of Lolium multiflorum using stable water isotopes. VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL, 17(1).
Chicago author-date
Meunier, Félicien, Youri Rothfuss, Thierry Bariac, Philippe Biron, Patricia Richard, Jean-Louis Durand, Valentin Couvreur, Jan Vanderborght, and Mathieu Javaux. 2018. “Measuring and Modeling Hydraulic Lift of Lolium Multiflorum Using Stable Water Isotopes.” VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL 17 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Meunier, Félicien, Youri Rothfuss, Thierry Bariac, Philippe Biron, Patricia Richard, Jean-Louis Durand, Valentin Couvreur, Jan Vanderborght, and Mathieu Javaux. 2018. “Measuring and Modeling Hydraulic Lift of Lolium Multiflorum Using Stable Water Isotopes.” VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL 17 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Meunier F, Rothfuss Y, Bariac T, Biron P, Richard P, Durand J-L, et al. Measuring and modeling hydraulic lift of Lolium multiflorum using stable water isotopes. VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL. 2018;17(1).
IEEE
[1]
F. Meunier et al., “Measuring and modeling hydraulic lift of Lolium multiflorum using stable water isotopes,” VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL, vol. 17, no. 1, 2018.
@article{8543042,
  abstract     = {This study tested a method to quantify and locate hydraulic lift (HL, defined as the passive upward water flow from wetter to dryer soil zones through the plant root system) by combining an experiment using the stable water isotope H-1(2) O-18 as a tracer with a soil-plant water flow model. Our methodology consisted in (i) establishing the initial conditions for HL in a large rhizobox planted with Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.), (ii) labeling water in the deepest soil layer with an O-18-enriched solution, (iii) monitoring the water O isotopic composition in soil layers to find out changes in the upper layers that would reflect redistribution of O-18-enriched water from the bottom layers by the roots, and (iv) comparing the observed soil water O isotopic composition to simulation results of a three-dimensional model of water flow and isotope transport in the soil-root system. Our main findings were that (i) the depth and strength of the observed changes in soil water O isotopic composition could be well reproduced with a modeling approach (RMSE = 0.2%, i.e.,equivalent to the precision of the isotopic measurements), (ii) the corresponding water volume involved in HL was estimated to account for 19% of the plant transpiration of the following day, i.e., 0.45 mm of water, and was in agreement with the observed soil water content changes, and (iii) the magnitude of the simulated HL was sensitive to both plant and soil hydraulic properties.},
  articleno    = {160134},
  author       = {Meunier, Félicien and Rothfuss, Youri and Bariac, Thierry and Biron, Philippe and Richard, Patricia and Durand, Jean-Louis and Couvreur, Valentin and Vanderborght, Jan and Javaux, Mathieu},
  issn         = {1539-1663},
  journal      = {VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL},
  keywords     = {NORTHWEST CONIFEROUS FORESTS,SOIL-WATER,SISPAT-ISOTOPE,ROOT SYSTEMS,PLANT-ROOTS,DEEP ROOTS,REDISTRIBUTION,DYNAMICS,TRANSPIRATION,ARCHITECTURE,cavelab},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {15},
  title        = {Measuring and modeling hydraulic lift of Lolium multiflorum using stable water isotopes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/vzj2016.12.0134},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2018},
}

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