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Assessing the Normative Legitimacy of Investment Arbitration : The EU’s Investment Court System

Lisa Diependaele (UGent) , Ferdi De Ville (UGent) and Sigrid Sterckx (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
The inclusion of an investment chapter in the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) has encountered significant opposition, especially in relation to Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS). In this context, the EU has proposed several changes to the traditional procedures, including the creation of an investment court. The need to reform ISDS has long been recognised, but the key question remains: What is required for such a dispute settlement mechanism to have legitimate authority? Drawing from insights in legal theory and political philosophy, we examine what could be adequate criteria for the normative legitimacy of ISDS. We argue that ISDS can only be minimally legitimate if there are sufficient procedural safeguards to ensure fair access to the proceedings and equal consideration of their interest for all those affected by investment tribunals’ or courts’ decisions. Furthermore, we emphasize the need to look beyond what potential beneficial and adverse consequences of ISDS are, and explain that the appointment of the judges by the state parties and the reintroduction of some control of the state parties over dispute settlement outcomes are not sufficient to guarantee the normative legitimacy of ISDS.
Keywords
CETA, TTIP, investment arbitration, ISDS, investment court system, normative legitimacy, democratic legitimacy

Citation

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Chicago
Diependaele, Lisa, Ferdi De Ville, and Sigrid Sterckx. 2018. “Assessing the Normative Legitimacy of Investment Arbitration : The EU’s Investment Court System.” New Political Economy  .
APA
Diependaele, L., De Ville, F., & Sterckx, S. (2018). Assessing the Normative Legitimacy of Investment Arbitration : The EU’s Investment Court System. NEW POLITICAL ECONOMY  .
Vancouver
1.
Diependaele L, De Ville F, Sterckx S. Assessing the Normative Legitimacy of Investment Arbitration : The EU’s Investment Court System. NEW POLITICAL ECONOMY  . Informa UK Limited; 2018;
MLA
Diependaele, Lisa, Ferdi De Ville, and Sigrid Sterckx. “Assessing the Normative Legitimacy of Investment Arbitration : The EU’s Investment Court System.” NEW POLITICAL ECONOMY  (2018): n. pag. Print.
@article{8543006,
  abstract     = {The inclusion of an investment chapter in the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) has encountered significant opposition, especially in relation to Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS). In this context, the EU has proposed several changes to the traditional procedures, including the creation of an investment court. The need to reform ISDS has long been recognised, but the key question remains: What is required for such a dispute settlement mechanism to have legitimate authority? Drawing from insights in legal theory and political philosophy, we examine what could be adequate criteria for the normative legitimacy of ISDS. We argue that ISDS can only be minimally legitimate if there are sufficient procedural safeguards to ensure fair access to the proceedings and equal consideration of their interest for all those affected by investment tribunals{\textquoteright} or courts{\textquoteright} decisions. Furthermore, we emphasize the need to look beyond what potential beneficial and adverse consequences of ISDS are, and explain that the appointment of the judges by the state parties and the reintroduction of some control of the state parties over dispute settlement outcomes are not sufficient to guarantee the normative legitimacy of ISDS.},
  author       = {Diependaele, Lisa and De Ville, Ferdi and Sterckx, Sigrid},
  issn         = {1356-3467},
  journal      = {NEW POLITICAL ECONOMY                 },
  keyword      = {CETA,TTIP,investment arbitration,ISDS,investment court system,normative legitimacy,democratic legitimacy},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Informa UK Limited},
  title        = {Assessing the Normative Legitimacy of Investment Arbitration : The EU{\textquoteright}s Investment Court System},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2017.1417362},
  year         = {2018},
}

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