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Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality

(2017) ECOLOGY LETTERS. 21(1). p.31-42
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Abstract
Humans require multiple services from ecosystems, but it is largely unknown whether trade-offs between ecosystem functions prevent the realisation of high ecosystem multifunctionality across spatial scales. Here, we combined a comprehensive dataset (28 ecosystem functions measured on 209 forest plots) with a forest inventory dataset (105,316 plots) to extrapolate and map relationships between various ecosystem multifunctionality measures across Europe. These multifunctionality measures reflected different management objectives, related to timber production, climate regulation and biodiversity conservation/recreation. We found that trade-offs among them were rare across Europe, at both local and continental scales. This suggests a high potential for win-win' forest management strategies, where overall multifunctionality is maximised. However, across sites, multifunctionality was on average 45.8-49.8% below maximum levels and not necessarily highest in protected areas. Therefore, using one of the most comprehensive assessments so far, our study suggests a high but largely unrealised potential for management to promote multifunctional forests.
Keywords
Biodiversity, climate, ecosystem multifunctionality, ecosystem services, forest, FunDivEUROPE, large-scale, phylogenetic diversity, tree communities, upscaling, LAND-USE, DECISION-MAKING, POLICY SUPPORT, PLANT TRAITS, BIODIVERSITY, SERVICES, CONSERVATION, DIVERSITY, PEOPLE, MODELS

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MLA
van der Plas, Fons et al. “Continental Mapping of Forest Ecosystem Functions Reveals a High but Unrealised Potential for Forest Multifunctionality.” ECOLOGY LETTERS 21.1 (2017): 31–42. Print.
APA
van der Plas, F., Ratcliffe, S., Ruiz-Benito, P., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Verheyen, K., Wirth, C., Zavala, M. A., et al. (2017). Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality. ECOLOGY LETTERS, 21(1), 31–42.
Chicago author-date
van der Plas, Fons, Sophia Ratcliffe, Paloma Ruiz-Benito, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Kris Verheyen, Christian Wirth, Miguel A Zavala, et al. 2017. “Continental Mapping of Forest Ecosystem Functions Reveals a High but Unrealised Potential for Forest Multifunctionality.” Ecology Letters 21 (1): 31–42.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
van der Plas, Fons, Sophia Ratcliffe, Paloma Ruiz-Benito, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Kris Verheyen, Christian Wirth, Miguel A Zavala, Evy Ampoorter, Lander Baeten, Luc Barbaro, Cristina C Bastias, Jürgen Bauhus, Raquel Benavides, Adam Benneter, Damien Bonal, Olivier Bouriaud, Helge Bruelheide, Filippo Bussotti, Monique Carnol, Bastien Castagneyrol, Yohan Charbonnier, Johannes HC Cornelissen, Jonas Dahlgren, Ewa Checko, Andrea Coppi, Seid Muhie Dawud, Marc Deconchat, Pallieter De Smedt, Hans De Wandeler, Timo Domisch, Leena Finér, Mariangela Fotelli, Arthur Gessler, André Granier, Charlotte Grossiord, Virginie Guyot, Josephine Haase, Stephan Hättenschwiler, Hervé Jactel, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, François-Xavier Joly, Tommaso Jucker, Stephan Kambach, Gerald Kaendler, Jens Kattge, Julia Koricheva, Georges Kunstler, Aleksi Lehtonen, Mario Liebergesell, Peter Manning, Harriet Milligan, Sandra Müller, Bart Muys, Diem Nguyen, Charles Nock, Bettina Ohse, Alain Paquette, Josep Peñuelas, Martina Pollastrini, Kalliopi Radoglou, Karsten Raulund-Rasmussen, Fabian Roger, Rupert Seidl, Federico Selvi, Jan Stenlid, Fernando Valladares, Johan van Keer, Lars Vesterdal, Markus Fischer, Lars Gamfeldt, and Eric Allan. 2017. “Continental Mapping of Forest Ecosystem Functions Reveals a High but Unrealised Potential for Forest Multifunctionality.” Ecology Letters 21 (1): 31–42.
Vancouver
1.
van der Plas F, Ratcliffe S, Ruiz-Benito P, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Verheyen K, Wirth C, et al. Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality. ECOLOGY LETTERS. 2017;21(1):31–42.
IEEE
[1]
F. van der Plas et al., “Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality,” ECOLOGY LETTERS, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 31–42, 2017.
@article{8542322,
  abstract     = {Humans require multiple services from ecosystems, but it is largely unknown whether trade-offs between ecosystem functions prevent the realisation of high ecosystem multifunctionality across spatial scales. Here, we combined a comprehensive dataset (28 ecosystem functions measured on 209 forest plots) with a forest inventory dataset (105,316 plots) to extrapolate and map relationships between various ecosystem multifunctionality measures across Europe. These multifunctionality measures reflected different management objectives, related to timber production, climate regulation and biodiversity conservation/recreation. We found that trade-offs among them were rare across Europe, at both local and continental scales. This suggests a high potential for win-win' forest management strategies, where overall multifunctionality is maximised. However, across sites, multifunctionality was on average 45.8-49.8% below maximum levels and not necessarily highest in protected areas. Therefore, using one of the most comprehensive assessments so far, our study suggests a high but largely unrealised potential for management to promote multifunctional forests.},
  author       = {van der Plas, Fons and Ratcliffe, Sophia and Ruiz-Benito, Paloma and Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael and Verheyen, Kris and Wirth, Christian and Zavala, Miguel A and Ampoorter, Evy and Baeten, Lander and Barbaro, Luc and Bastias, Cristina C and Bauhus, Jürgen and Benavides, Raquel and Benneter, Adam and Bonal, Damien and Bouriaud, Olivier and Bruelheide, Helge and Bussotti, Filippo and Carnol, Monique and Castagneyrol, Bastien and Charbonnier, Yohan and Cornelissen, Johannes HC and Dahlgren, Jonas and Checko, Ewa and Coppi, Andrea and Dawud, Seid Muhie and Deconchat, Marc and De Smedt, Pallieter and De Wandeler, Hans and Domisch, Timo and Finér, Leena and Fotelli, Mariangela and Gessler, Arthur and Granier, André and Grossiord, Charlotte and Guyot, Virginie and Haase, Josephine and Hättenschwiler, Stephan and Jactel, Hervé and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Joly, François-Xavier and Jucker, Tommaso and Kambach, Stephan and Kaendler, Gerald and Kattge, Jens and Koricheva, Julia and Kunstler, Georges and Lehtonen, Aleksi and Liebergesell, Mario and Manning, Peter and Milligan, Harriet and Müller, Sandra and Muys, Bart and Nguyen, Diem and Nock, Charles and Ohse, Bettina and Paquette, Alain and Peñuelas, Josep and Pollastrini, Martina and Radoglou, Kalliopi and Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten and Roger, Fabian and Seidl, Rupert and Selvi, Federico and Stenlid, Jan and Valladares, Fernando and van Keer, Johan and Vesterdal, Lars and Fischer, Markus and Gamfeldt, Lars and Allan, Eric},
  issn         = {1461-023X},
  journal      = {ECOLOGY LETTERS},
  keywords     = {Biodiversity,climate,ecosystem multifunctionality,ecosystem services,forest,FunDivEUROPE,large-scale,phylogenetic diversity,tree communities,upscaling,LAND-USE,DECISION-MAKING,POLICY SUPPORT,PLANT TRAITS,BIODIVERSITY,SERVICES,CONSERVATION,DIVERSITY,PEOPLE,MODELS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {31--42},
  title        = {Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12868},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2017},
}

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